The theory of Absolutism comes from England throughout the 17th and 18th centuries. It was a political system controlled by a king or queen. The system was strict and many of the rulers were corrupt in what they did in part of their empire.
In the system of absolutism, there is one ruler, a king or a queen that makes the decisions for their empire. Many of the rulers under the king or queen , mainly the courtiers (governors) were full of boredom because they had no main occupancies or jobs to undertake at the time. This came to be because one man did the job of many. The king or the queen, many corrupt, took away privileges such freedom of speech, no long beards, took away traditional clothing. Many absolute rulers taxed with out reason for their own luxuries. As such many rulers put people to death with out proper trial. There were a few rulers who did close to nothing for their nation.
There was many rulers at this time, to name a few, Charles 1st and Oliver Cromwell who later beheaded King Charles 1st. There however, was a kinder ruler known as Catherine The Great. She believed that a leader should not deprive people of their natural liberty, but to correct their actions, in order to attain a supreme good. It was a ruler like this that made the people feel more confident in their ruler. King Frederick 2nd of Persia had similar views. He viewed that the ruler should improve the peoples education ,and a ruler should not pervert their people by bad example. There was however a terrible ruler known as Peter The Great who did acts such as; tax on having a long beard and ban on traditional clothing. This was the worst ruler of all time In England.
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Later on in England’s history, Absolutism was dissolved. This came to be when Parliament over took the power of the monarch. Parliament put out the Petition Of Rights, which took away most of the kings power. From therewith, the king had to answer to Parliament. Parliament also enacted the Bill Of Rights which gave back certain rights to the people of the nation. Things such as but not limited to, no execution with out fair trial, Illegal to keep standing army during times of peace, freedom of speech and election of Parliament officials is free to any man, were included in this bill. Parliament created a much better governmental system, so instead of having one ruler, there was more people to spread the powers amongst. This limited the monarchy dramatically. This can be related to how England is governed today. There is still a king but he or she has limited to no powers, the government (Parliament) is the supreme power. The king is governed by the government and cannot enact laws with out Parliaments consent nor could they tax. At the time , James 2nd was the absolute ruler of England. He turned England Back to Roman Catholicism and struggled with Parliaments power over him. Parliament asked William and Mary to come over to England and rule. Of course James2nd was worried about what parliament would do to him so he fled to France. This was known as The Glorious Revolution. It was a bloodless revolution for no war was raged.
To conclude, absolutism is a supreme power but is sometimes corrupt. Its was a good thing that Parliament abolished it because the world would not be the same today if we were still under Absolute rule.