. Federalism: Constitutional arrangement where by power is divided by a constitution between a national government and constituent governments, called states in the United States. The national and the constituent governments both exercise direct authority over individuals. 2. Plurality: In a contest of more than two choices, the number of votes cast for the winning choice if this number is not more than one half of the total votes cast. 3.
Head of State: Is the person who represents the government or country in acts such as funerals, greeting ambassadors. An example of such a person is the Queen in the british monarchy. 4. Judicial Review: The power of a court to refuse to enforce a law or government regulation that in the opinion of the judges conflicts with the Constitution. 5. Unitary Government: characterized by or constituting a form of government in which power is held by one central authority; “a unitary as opposed to a federal form of government” 6.
Tony Blair: Prime minister of Brittain from 1997 to present, known in British papers as the “American Poodle.” 7. Delegated Powers: 8. Proportional Representation: An election system in which each party running receives the proportion of legislative seats corresponding to its proportion of the vote. Also the opposite of plurality. 9. Conservative: a political party in Great Britain which developed from the Tories in the 1830 s.
They favor regulation of the economy and favors local or state action over governmental action. 10. Minister: A high officer of state appointed to head an executive or administrative department of government. 1. Describe three ways the American Congress is checked by the other two government branches.
... military controls more armed power than anyone in a state, they have the ability to take over the government at any given time ... . In Power and Choice, Shively questions ...
One way that the American congress is checked by the other government branches is the power of the judicial branch over the legislative branche. The method that the judicial branche checks is by ruling the laws they pass unconstitutional. Another way in which the congress can be checked comes from the executive branche, because they have the power to veto a law. The executive branche can check the judicial branche in many ways, such as pardoning people convicted of federal crimes, as long as nominating officers of the United States government and federal judges. 2. Give an example and discuss the difference between a symbolic and political function of government in the British political system.
An example of an symbolic representitve is the British monarch in their political system. The monarch’s job and responsibility in the government has less end over time. The monarch now does such things that represent the government, such as greeting prime ministers and going to funerals. 3.
Discuss three differences between the Labour and Conservative parties in Great Britain.