ENGLISH Maximum Marks: 100 Time: – 3 Hours The Paper shall be divided into (04) Sections which shall cover prose & Poetry from Chinar-II apart from writing skills & grammar. (10) Minutes shall be exclusively provided to the students for understanding the question paper apart from the allotted time. Prose: One seen passage from Chinar-II with internal choice followed by questions, fill in the blanks, true false etc. Shall be asked to the student of (05) Marks. One unseen passage with internal choice followed by questions, fill in the blanks, true false etc. shall be asked to the student of (05) Marks One reference to context type question based on the prose passage from Chinar II 05 Marks. One to be attemted out of three. Two questions of 04Marks each based on textbook titled Chinar-II of 100-150 words to be attempted out of given four questions . [4 × 2 = 8 Marks One long Answer type question based on character study/ Description of Scene/ theme /Style to be attempted with internal choice . [5 × 1 = 05] Marks 02 objective type questions to be asked based on vocabulary, biographical information of the writer/ textual information. Each question shall carry (1/2) Mark 1/2 ×4 = 2 Marks 30 Marks Poetry One seen stanza of poem from Chinar-II with internal choice followed by questions, fill in the blanks , true false etc.
shall be asked to the student of (05) Marks. One unseen stanza of poem with internal choice followed by questions, fill in the blanks, true false etc. shall be asked to the student of (05) Marks One reference to context type question based on the poem from Chinar II of 05 Marks. One to be attemted out of three. Four questions of 02 Marks each based on literary devices (metaphor, simile, hyperbole, personification , imagery , irony, paradox etc ) from poems in Chinar-II of 50 -100 words to be attempted . Four questions to be done out of six. 2 × 4 = 8 Marks. 23 Marks Writing Skills a. Article/paragraphing writing with clues (narrative or descriptive) 05 Marks b.Letter (personal or official) 05 Marks c.Diary entry, notemaking, Dialogue, Report Writing, Advertisement , poster, E-mail or Sms. (15 marks).
The aim of the project is to provide the student’s marks to the user(parents/students/other person) mobile whenever the examinations are conducted any time during its course of study .During the time of admission the college provides a ten digit mobile number to the to know the academic marks of his son /daughter. At the end of the examinations and when the results are out, if any person want to ...
25 marks Grammar i. Compound and Complex Sentences [03 Marks] ii. Tense (Present , Past Future) [04 Marks] iii. Auxiliary Verb [01 Marks] 1
iv. v. vi. vii. viii. ix. x.
Relative Clause Conditional Clause Reported Speech Passives Article Preposition Conjunction
[02 Marks] [02 Marks] [02 Marks] [02 Marks] [02 Marks] [02 Marks] [02 Marks] (22) Marks
Pattern of Paper
Reading Comprehension—— (20) Marks.
Q 1.1 Two seen passages/stanzas each from prose and poetry, from Chinar-II with internal choice followed by questions, fill in the blanks , true false etc. shall be asked to the student each of (05) Marks. [5 × 2] = 10 Marks. Q 1.2 Two unseen passages/stanzas, one from prose and one from poetry with internal choice followed by questions, fill in the blanks/true false shall be asked to the student , each of (05) Marks. [5 × 2] = 10 Marks. Total (20) Marks
Literature —— (33 Marks)
Q 3.1 Two questions based on textbook titled Chinar-Ii of 100-150 words to be attempted out of given four questions. /Style to be attempted with internal choice . [4 × 2 = 08] Marks [5 × 1 = 05] Marks Q 3.2 One long Answer type question based on character study/ Description of Scene/ theme Q 3.3 four very short answer type questions of two marks each based on literary devices and general to be attempted out of nine ( metaphor, Simile, hyperbole, personification, imagery, irony, paradox etc.) [4 × 2 =8] One reference to context type question to be attempted out of three based on the prose from Chinar II of 05 Marks One reference to context type question to be attempted out of three based on the poem from Chinar II of 05 Marks Q 3.4 (04) objective type questions to be asked based on vocabulary, biographical information of the writer/ textual information. Each question shall carry (01MarK. [1/2X4=2 Marks] Total (33) Marks
... Marks Section B: Writing 20 Marks Section C: Grammar 20 Marks Section D: Literature 20 Marks General Instructions 5. All questions are compulsory 6. You may attempt ... Four out of five short answer type questions based on prose, poetry or plays of 2 marks each. The questions will not test recall but ...
Writing Skills——- (25) Marks
Q 2.1 One question on paragraph writing / article writing (Narrative or Descriptive) to be attempted with internal choice (100—150 Words) [5 × 1] = 05 Marks. Q 2.2 One task on letter writing (Personal & Official) to be attempted with internal choice. [5 × 1] = 05 Marks. Q 2.3 One task to be attempted on note making or diary entry. [5× 1] = 05 Marks. Q 2.4 One task to be attempted on dialogue writing or report writing (80-100 Words) [5 × 1] = 5 Marks. Q 2.5 One task to be attempted on writing of Advertisement or designing a Poster (50-80) Words [03 × 1] = 03 Marks. Q 2.6 One task to be attempted on E-Mail writing or S.M.S. [2 Marks] Total (25) Marks
Grammar—– (22 Marks)
i.Compound and Complex Sentences ii.Tense (Present , Past Future) iii.Auxiliary Verb iv.Relative Clause v.Conditional Clause vi Reported Speech vii.Passives viii.Article ix.Preposition x.Conjunction [03 Marks] [04Marks] [01 Marks] [02 Marks] [02 Marks] [02 Marks] [02 Marks] [02 Marks] [02 Marks] [02 Marks] (22) Marks
HOME SCIENCE (ELECTIVE)
Maximum Marks: 100 Theory: 70 marks Practicals: 30 Marks Time: 3 Hours
Unit I: EARLY CHILDHOOD (0-3 years) Marks 12 Some specific characteristics: physical and motor-height, weight and body proportions; motor development during 0-3 months, 3-6 months, 6-9 months, 9-12 months and 1-3 years (milestones only); social and emotional developments; recognition of people around; socialization, expression of emotions; cognitive development; learning through concrete operations and language development. Protection from preventable diseases: immunization – concept and types (natural and acquired), breast feeding (one of the ways to develop natural immunity); immunization chart; symptoms and incubation period of childhood diseases – TB, DPT, polio, measles, cholera, diarrhoea. Unit II: Marks 06 Special needs of disadvantaged and disabled children: socially disadvantaged, physically handicapped (partially blind & deaf, affected/missing limb): characteristics & needs. Substitute care at home and outside: siblings, grand parents, neighbours creche, day care centres etc: Integrated Child Development Scheme (ICDS) – objectives and functions. Unit III: My Apparel Marks 11 Clothing and its relation to personality: Factors that influence the selection of clothes: personality, age, climate, occupation, figure, occasion, fashion. Checking size and quality in ready-made garments (need and criteria: seams, hem, plackets, fasteners, workmanship, design, drape).
Based on our survey findings, we were able to assess Family Dollar’s performance in these areas: training and development, pay for performance, performance management, staffing & selection, on-boarding, career advancement, employee involvement, commitment to mission, diversity & inclusion, Human Resource (HR) transactional, HR service, view of organization, and engagement. After reviewing ...
Care of clothes: General principles and precautions to be followed while removing stains and washing: Cleansing agents: soaps and detergents (basic differences); Storage of clothes. Unit IV: Applications of Home Science Education Marks 06 Application of knowledge of Home Science in everyday life. Usefulness of some of the skills learnt here for supplementing family income. Skills learnt here can be gainfully used for employment (self-employment, apprenticeship).
Further training required to make this field a career: various sources and facilities available for training. Unit V : Nutrition for Self and Family Marks 09 Planning meals for the family: meaning and importance of meal planning, principles and factors affecting meal planning, planning meals for the family; keeping in mind the needs of individual members, including children, pregnant women, lactating mother, members suffering from fever and diarrhoea; role and preparation of ORS.( Food groups planning only)
Unit VI: Marks 09 Ways to ensure good health for the family: using safe drinking water, qualities of safe drinking water; household methods of making water safe for drinking; boiling, filtering, use of alum and chlorine tablet role of hygiene for food handlers at home level. Safety against food adulteration, definition and meaning of food adulteration as given by PFA; common adulterants
present in cereals, pulses, milk and milk products, fats and oils, sugar, jaggery, honey, spices and condiments and their ill effects. Unit VII: Money Management and Consumer Education Marks 11 Family Income: various sources of family income: (i) money income, (ii) real income, direct and indirect; Supplementing family income-need & ways; need and procedure for keeping household accounts. Savings and Investment: meaning and importance of savings; ways/methods of investment banks, post-office, LIC, Units, PPF, PF; basis for selection of method of investment risk, security, profit, tax saving. Unit VIII: Marks 06 Consumer Protection and Education: meaning, problems faced by consumer, Consumer Protection Act (1986) and Services; Consumer aids: levels, standardization marks, advertising, guidebooks/leaflets, Consumer redressal forum. Consumer Behaviour & demand, market demand, its determinants, concept of price elasticity.
The United States in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century was undergoing a drastic change. A war between its states had just concluded, enslaved people were granted freedom, immigrants from all over the world flocked to the country, and a bitter divide between rich and poor was beginning to form. The literature followed the same trajectory of the country and, as does most literature, ...
Time: 3 Hours Internal:10
30 Marks Marks 02 Marks 07 Marks 02 Marks 04 Marks 03 Marks 02
I. Know Little Children II. Nutrition for Self and Family (contd.) III. Money Management and Consumer Education IV. My Apparel V. Things I can do with my Home Science Training – Record VI.Viva
Unit I: Know Little Children (0-3 years) Activity: Observe a child in neighbourhood or at home for various milestones of physical and motor developments and prepare a chart. Practical: Make an interview schedule for working mother. Activity: Interview three mothers working outside the home to find out their arrangements of substitute care for their children (0-3 yrs) in their absence. Practical-Prepare of chart of milestones Practical: Prepare a chart for immunization of a child. Unit II: Nutrition for Self and Family Practicals: Plan meals for the family and carry out modifications to suit individual needs including persons suffering from fever or diarrhea and for pregnant and lactating mother. Prepare and serve one dish. Practical: Preparation of oral dehydration solution Practical: Simple tests for checking adulteration in(i) Cereals (ii) Pulses (iii) Milk and milk products (iv) Tea leaves (v) Dhania powder (vi) Red chillies (vii) Haldi powder (viii) Gur (Jaggery) (ix) Black Pepper (Whole) 5
Unit III: Money management and Consumer Education Activity: Open an account. Find out and report how an account is opened in a bank and post office. Collect and fill forms. Activity: Read and evaluate labels of any four household items bearing different standardization marks. Practical: Fill bank/post office forms Practical: Prepare one label each for four household items/products bearing different standardization marks. Unit IV: My Apparel Practical: Make sample of (a) basic stitches and seams: (i) Running Stitch (ii) Hemming (iii) Blind stitch (iv) Inter-locking (b) Fasteners – Buttons and hooks. (c) Patch work or make an apron and incorporate all the above (a, b, and c).
Introduction Supply and demand is one of the most fundamental concepts of economics and it is the backbone of a market economy. It is defined as an economic model of price determination in a market. It concludes that in a competitive market, the unit price for a particular good will vary until it settles at a point where the quantity demanded by consumers (at current price) will equal the quantity ...
Practical: Examine quality in ready-made garments. Practicals: Relative effect of temperature of water on the clothes during the process of washing clothes (cold, lukewarm, hot).
Draw conclusions and how this knowledge is helpful. Practical: Removal of stains of (i) Tea stain (ii) Coffee stain (iii) Curry (iv) Grease (v) Ball point ink (vi) Lipstick (vii) Blood Practical: Make a soap/detergent (liquid/powder/cake)
Max. Marks: 100 Marks Units I. Babar’s Invasion II. Humayun; his problems III Suri Dynasty IV Akbar V Jahangir VI ShahJahan VII Disintegration of Mughal Empire VIII Society and Culture IX British Conquest of India X Revolt of 1857 XI Reform Movements XII National Movement DETAILED SYLLABUS Max. Marks: 100 marks Unit : Babar’s Invasion and cause of his success. Unit II Unit III Unit IV : Humayun-his problems. : Suri Dynasty-contribution of Sher Shah Time: 3 hrs. 7 marks 5 marks 5 marks 9 marks 5 marks 8 marks 8 marks 8 marks 10 marks 10 marks 10 marks 15 marks
Time: 3 hrs. 7 marks 5 marks 5 marks
: Akbar-Consolidation.of Mugal Empire 9 marks Expansion of the Empire; Administrative measures: Land revenue and Mansabdari system; Towards Integration: Akbar’s Rajput and Religious policies and Din-i-Ilahi. : Jehangir; Role of Nur Jahan : Shah Jahan : Changes in Mansabdari System Problem of succession 5 marks 8 marks
Unit V Unit VI
: Climax & Disintegration of Mughal Empire Aurangzeb’s Religious Policy; Revolts against Aurangzeb for regional independence. Aurangzeb’s Deccan Policy. Shivaji-administration. Causes of the downfall of the Mughal Empire. 8 marks : Society & Culture: 8 marks Class structure; Religious Movements; Architecture; Foreign & European Traders.
: British Conquest of India 10 Marks (i) Factors leading to the establishment and consolidation of British rule in India with special reference to the conquest of Bengal. (ii) Subsidiary Alliance of Lord Wellesley and the Doctrine of lapse of Lord Dalhousie. 7
A financial services provider that provides computer software systems approaches you. The company started off as a small private company and has grown strongly over the past fifteen years and listed on the Australian Stock Exchange. The company has businesses in many off-shore locations, all of which are well-developed capital markets. In some parts of the world, the company has near-monopoly ...
: Revolt of 1857 10 Marks (i) Causes and consequences. Causes of the failure of the Revolt of 1857. (ii) Impact of the British rule on Indian economy and society : Reform Movements (i) Brahmo Samaj, Arya Samaj (ii) Sir Syed Ahmed Khan. (iii)Reforms among Sikhs. (iv) Social reforms-Emancipation of Women. 10 marks
: National Movement: 15 marks (a) Moderate and Extremist Phases (i) Factors leading to the growth of National Movement. (ii) Formation of Indian National Congress and the role of Moderates. (iii) Rise of extremism and the partition of Bengal. (iv) Boycott and Swadeshi Movement. (v) Genesis of Muslim league. (b) Gandhian era (i) Khilafat and Non co-operation Movement. (ii) Civil Disobedience Movement. (iii) Quit India Movement. (iv) Indian Independence and the Partition.
B00ks Suggested: 1. Medieval India: A Textbook for Class XII Published by NCERT 2. Modern India: A Textbook for Class XII Published by NCERT 3. Contemporary World History: A Textbook for Class XII Published by NCERT
Max. Marks: 100 A) Literature Reader II Prose: • The Turning Point • Polar Meltdown • Forests – Desperate Measures Needed Taking up Challenge One question based on the reading comprehension of prose passage of 10 marks, followed by questions such as Multiple Choice Questions; Fill in the blanks, True / False, Vocabulary etc. (Seen Vs Unseen) 1 × 10 = 10 marks One questions based on the Summary / Precise of the given prose of 10 marks with internal choice (Seen Vs Unseen) 10 × 1 = 10 marks One question of 05 marks on the textual understanding of prose lesson with internal choice. 5 × 1 = 5 marks Short Stories • Some Hill Stations Ghosts • The Rightful Inheritor the Earth • Ha’ Penny • The Devil Outwitted One question based on the reading comprehension of short story followed by question based on Vocabulary, Fill in the Blanks, True / False or a question based on the development of a story from a given outline and theme 10 × 1 = 10 marks One question of 05 marks based on the moral / theme / style etc. with internal choice 5 × 1 = 5 marks Poetry • Abraham Lincoln’s Letter to His Son’s Teacher • The Secret Machines Two question based on the Stanza of the poem followed by questions with internal choice. This shall carry 03 marks. 03 × 2 = 6 marks Three very short questions based on literary devices, of two marks with internal choice, also by asking about broader term in general such as metaphor, similie , imagery etc. 03 × 2 = 6 marks Drama • Don’t Call Out or You’ll Be Shot • The Count’s Revenge One question based on the description of event / situation / character / theme / conversation etc. of 08 marks. 8 × 1 = 8 marks One question on ‘Note Making or Note Taking of a given passage with internal choice 5 marks 9 Time: 3 hrs.
One question on writing of an advertisement on the given caption with internal choice 5 marks One question based on the writing of memorandum on any given topic with internal choice 5 marks One question on writing of a circular on a given topic with internal choice 5 marks One question on writing of report on any of the given topics with internal choice 5 marks One question based on the formation of tables, bar charts, histograms etc. and their interpretation on the given topics with internal choice 5 marks One question on the editing / proof reading of the given prose passage. One question on writing the notes on any one of the following topics: a) Dialects b) Accent c) Register d) Style 5 marks 5 marks
Books Suggested • Textbook of Functional English Published by Goyal Brothers in Collaboration with J&K State of School Education. • Literature Reader II • Language Skills Book
Theory: 100 Marks Time: 3 Hours
Unit I: Introduction Marks 04 • What is microeconomics? • Central problems of an economy, production possibility curve and opportunity cost. Unit II: Consumer Equilibrium and Demand Marks 18 • Consumer’s Equilibrium: meaning and attainment of equilibrium through Utility Approach: One and two commodity cases. • Demand: market demand, determinants of demand, demand schedule, demand curve, movement along and shifts in demand curve, price elasticity of demand, measurement of price elasticity of demand – percentage, total expenditure and geometric methods. Unit III: Producer Behaviour and Supply Marks 18 • Production function: returns to factor and returns to scale • Supply: market supply, determinants of supply, supply schedule, supply curve movement along and shifts in supply curve, price elasticity of supply, measurement of price elasticity of supply – percentage and geometric methods • Cost and Revenue: Concepts of costs; short-run cost curves (fixed and variable costs; total, average and marginal costs); concepts of revenue – total, average and marginal revenue and their relationship. Producer’s equilibrium – with the help of MC and MR. Unit IV: Forms of Market and Price Determination Marks 10 • Forms of market – perfect competition, monopoly, monopolistic competition – their meaning and features, oligopoly, meaning , features • Price determination under perfect competition – equilibrium price, effects of shifts in demand and supply. Unit V: Simple Applications of Tools of Demand and Supply Curves (Non-Evaluative) The teachers can be given the flexibility to choose the issues: rationing, floors and ceilings and Food Availability Decline (FAD) Theory (the teachers may also choose alternative examples that are simple and easy to understand) Unit VI: National Income and Related Aggregates — Basic Concepts and Measurement Marks 15 • Macroeconomics: meaning. • Circular flow of income, concepts of GDP, GNP, NDP, NNP (at market price and factor cost), National Disposable Income (gross and net); Private Income, Personal Income and Personal Disposable Income • Measurement of National Income –Value Added method, Income method and Expenditure method Unit VII: Determination of Income and Employment • Aggregate demand, aggregate supply and their components • Propensity to consume and propensity to save (average and marginal) • Meaning of involuntary unemployment and full employment Marks 12
• Determination of income and employment: two sector model • Concept of investment multiplier and its working • Problems of excess and deficient demand • Measures to correct excess and deficient demand – availability of credit, change in government spending Unit VIII: Money and Banking • Supply of Money-currently held by public and commercial banks • Money: meaning, evolution and functions • Central bank: meaning and functions Marks 08
Unit IX: Government Budget and the Economy Marks 08 Government budget – meaning, objectives and components. Classification of receipts – revenue receipt and capital receipt; classification of expenditure – revenue expenditure and capital expenditure, plan & non-plan, development & non-developmental. Balanced budget, surplus budget & deficit budget: meaning & implications. Various measures of government deficit – revenue deficit, fiscal deficit, and primary deficit: their meaning and implications. Downsizing the role of government: meaning and implications. Unit X: Balance of Payments Marks 07 • Balance of payments account – meaning and components; • Foreign exchange rate – meaning of fixed and flexible rates, merits and demerits; determination through demand and supply. • A brief analysis about recent exchange rate issues
Maximum Marks : 100 Theory: 70 marks Practicals: 30 Marks Time: 3 Hours
A. Fundamentals of Human Geography
Unit I: Human Geography: Nature and Scope
Marks 35 Marks 03
Unit II: People Marks 05 • Population of the world – distribution, density and growth; • Population change-spatial patterns and structure; determinants of population change; • Age-sex ratio; rural-urban composition; • Human development – concept; selected indicators, international comparisons. Unit III: Human Activities Marks 10 • Primary activities – concept and changing trends; gathering, pastoral, mining, subsistence agriculture, modern agriculture; people engaged in agriculture and allied activities – some examples from selected countries; • Secondary activities – concept; manufacturing: agro-processing, household, small scale, large scale; people engaged in secondary activities – some examples from selected countries; • Tertiary activities – concept; trade, transport and communication; services; people engaged in tertiary activities – some examples from selected countries; • Quaternary activities – concept; knowledge based industries; people engaged in quaternary activities – some examples from selected countries. Unit IV: Transport, Communication and Trade Marks 10 • Land transport – roads, railways – rail network; trans-continental railways; • Water transport- inland waterways; major ocean routes; • Air transport – Intercontinental air routes; • Oil and gas pipelines; • Satellite communication and cyber space; • International trade – Basis and changing patterns; ports as gateways of international trade, role of WTO in International trade. Unit V: Human Settlements Marks 05 • Settlement types – rural and urban; morphology of cities (case study); distribution of mega cities; problems of human settlements in developing countries. Unit VI: Map work on identification of features based on above units on the outline Political map of world. Marks 02 B. India: People and Economy Marks 35
Unit VII: People Marks 05 • Population – distribution, density and growth; composition of population: linguistic, sex and religious; rural-urban population change through time – regional variations; occupations. 13
• Migration: international, national – causes and consequences; • Human development – selected indicators and regional patterns; • Population, environment and development. Unit VIII: Human Settlements • Rural settlements – types and distribution; • Urban settlements – types, distribution and functional classification. Marks 04
Unit IX: Resources and Development Marks 12 • Land resources – general land use; agricultural land use – major crops; agricultural development and problems, common property resources; • Water resources – availability and utilization – irrigation, domestic, industrial and other uses; scarcity of water and conservation methods – rain water harvesting and watershed management (one case study related with participatory watershed management to be introduced); • Mineral and energy resources – metallic and non-metallic minerals and their distribution; conventional and non-conventional energy sources; • Industries – types and distribution; industrial location and clustering; changing pattern of selected industries – iron and steel, cotton textiles, sugar, petrochemicals, and knowledge based industries; impact of liberalization, privatization and globalization on industrial location; • Planning in India – target area planning (case study); idea of sustainable development (case study).
Unit X: Transport, Communication and International Trade Marks 07 • Transport and communication — roads, railways, waterways and airways; oil and gas pipelines; national electric grids; communication networkings – radio, television, satellite and internet; • International trade — changing pattern of India’s foreign trade; seaports and their hinterland and airports. Unit XI: Geographical Perspective on Selected Issues and Problems (One case study to be introduced for each topic) • Environmental pollution; urban-waste disposal; • Urbanization-rural-urban migration; problem of slums; • Land Degradation. Marks 04
Unit XII: Map work on locating and labeling of features based on above units on the outline Political map of world. Marks 03 C. Practical Work Marks 30 Internal assessment: 10 marks External assessment:20 marks Unit I: Processing of Data and Thematic Mapping Marks 10 • Sources of data; • Tabulating and processing of data; calculation of averages, measures of central tendency, deviation and rank correlation; 14
• Representation of data – construction of diagrams: bars, circles and flowchart; thematic maps; construction of dot; choropleth and isopleth maps. • Use of computers in data processing and mapping.
Unit II: Field Study
Field visit and study: map orientation, observation and preparation of sketch; survey on any one of the local concerns; pollution, ground water changes, land use and land- use changes, poverty, energy issues, soil degradation, impact of floods and drought, catchment area of school, Market survey and Household survey ( any one topic of local concern may be taken up for the study; observation and questionnaire survey may be adopted for the data collection; collected data may be tabulated and analysed with diagrams and maps; Unit II: Practical Record Book and Viva Voce Marks 03
Theory: 100 Marks Time: 3 Hours
Part A: Contemporary World Politics
1. Cold War Era in World Politics Marks 07 Emergence of two power blocs after the second world war. Arenas of the cold war. Challenges to Bipolarity: Non Aligned Movement, quest for new international economicorder. India and the cold war. 2. Disintegration of the ‘Second World’ and the Collapse of Bipolarity. Marks 07 New entities in world politics: Russia, Balkan states and Central Asian states, Introduction of democratic politics and capitalism in post-communist regimes. India’s relations with Russia and other post-communist countries. 3. US Dominance in World Politics: Marks 06 Growth of unilateralism: Afghanistan, first Gulf War, response to 9/11 and attack on Iraq. Dominance and challenge to the US in economy and ideology. India’s renegotiation of its relationship with the USA. 4. Alternative Centres of Economic and Political Power: Marks 04 Rise of China as an economic power in post-Mao era, creation and expansion of European Union, ASEAN. India’s changing relations with China. 5. South Asia in the Post-Cold War Era: Marks 06
Democratisation and its reversals in Pakistan and Nepal. Ethnic conflict in Sri Lanka, Impact of economic globalization on the region. Conflicts and efforts for peace in South Asia. India’s relations with its neighbours. 6. International Organizations in a unipolar World: Marks 05
Restructuring and the future of the UN. India’s position in the restructured UN. Rise of new international actors: new international economic organisations, NGOs. Howdemocratic and accountable are the new institutions of global governance? 7. Security in Contemporary World: Marks 05 Traditional concerns of security and politics of disarmament. Non-traditional or human security: global poverty, health and education. Issues of human rights and migration. 8. Globalisation and Its Critics. Marks 05 Economic, cultural and political manifestations. Debates on the nature of consequences of globalisation. Anti-globalisation movements. India as an arena of globalization and struggle against it. 9. Environment and Natural Resources in Global Politics: Marks 05 Environment movement and evolution of global environmental norms. Conflicts over traditional and common property resources. Rights of indigenous people. India’s stand in global environmental debates.
Part B: Politics in India since Independence
10. Nation-Building and Its Problems: Marks 05 16
Nehru’s approach to nation-building: Legacy of partition: challenge of ‘refugee’ resettlement, the Kashmir problem. Organisation and reorganization of states; Political conflicts over language. 11. Era of One-Party Dominance: Marks 06 First three general elections, nature of Congress dominance at the national level, uneven dominance at the state level, coalitional nature of Congress. Major opposition parties. 12. Politics of Planned Development Marks 05 Five year plans, expansion of state sector and the rise of new economic interests. Famine and suspension of five year plans. Green revolution and its political fallouts. 13. India’s External Relations Marks 06
Nehru’s foreign policy. Sino-Indian war of 1962, Indo-Pak war of 1965 and 1971. India’s nuclear programme and shifting alliances in world politics. 14. Challenge to and Restoration of Congress System: Marks 05
Political succession after Nehru. Non-Congressism and electoral upset of 1967, Congress split and reconstitution, Congress’ victory in 1971 elections, politics of ‘garibi hatao’. 15. Crisis of the Constitutional Order: Marks 07 Search for ‘committed’ bureaucracy and judiciary. Navnirman movement in Gujarat and the Bihar movement. Emergency: context, constitutional and extra-constitutional dimensions, resistance to emergency. 1977 elections and the formation of Janata Party. Rise of civil liberties organisations. 16. Regional Aspirations and Conflicts Marks 05 Rise of regional parties.. The Kashmir situation. Challenges and responses in the North East. 17. Rise of New Social Movements: Marks 05 Farmers’ movements, Women’s movement, Environment and Development-affected people’s movements. Implementation of Mandal Commission report and its aftermath. 18. Recent Developments in Indian politics: Marks 06 Participatory upsurge in 1990s. Rise of the JD and the BJP. Increasing role of regional parties and coalition politics. UF and NDA governments. Elections 2004 and UPA government. Book Suggested: Major concepts of Poltical Science published by NCERT New Delhi
Max. Marks:100 A. INDIAN PHILOSOPHY 1. Nature and Schools of Indian Philosophy 2. Philosophy of the Bhagavad Gita 3. Buddhism, Jainism 4. Nyaya-Vaisesika and Samkhya- Yoga 5. Advaita Vedanta B. WESTERN PHILOSOPHY 6. Knowledge and truth 7. The causal Principle. 8. Nature of Reality 9. Realism and Idealism C. Applied Philosophy 10. Environmental Ethics, Professional Ethics and Philosophy of Education Time: 3hrs
Marks 10 Marks 10 Marks 10 Marks 10 Marks 10
Marks 10 Marks 10 Marks 10 Marks 10
A. INDIAN PHILOSOPHY Unit 1: Nature and Schools of Indian Philosophy: Some basic issues: Rta, Karma, Four Purusarthas : Dharma, Artha, Kama and Moksa Unit 2: Philosophy of the Bhagavad Gita: Karma Yoga (Anasakta Karma), Svadharama, Lokasamgraha Unit 3: Buddhism, Jainism Four noble truths and eight-fold path; Theory of dependent origination. Anekantavada, and syadvada. Unit 4: Nyaya – Vaisesika and Samkhya – Yoga (1) Nyaya theory of Pramanas, (2) Vaisesika Theory of Padarthas ‘, (3) Samkhya Theory of Three Gunas, (4) Yoga- The Eight-fold Practice. Unit 5: Advaita Vedanta The nature of Atman, Brahman and the world. B. WESTERN PHILOSOPHY Unit 6 : Knowledge and truth Rationalism, Empiricism and Kant’s Critical Philosophy Unit 7 : The Causal Principle Nature of Cause Aristotle’s theory of four-fold causation cause-effect relationship: entailment, regularity and succession. Theories of causation.
Unit 8: Nature of Reality Proofs for the existence of God Ontological, Teleological and Cosmological arguments. Unit 9 : Realism and Idealism Mind-Body Problem C. Applied Philosophy Unit 10: Environmental Ethics and Professional Ethics (a) Study of Physical, Mental and Spiritual Environments (b) Medical and Business Ethics. (c) Philosophy of Education Suggested References: 1. John Patrick Introduction to Philosophy 2. John Hospers Introduction to Philosophical Analysis 3. D.M. Datta and S.C. Chatterjee Introduction to Indian Philosophy 4. M. Hiriyanna Essentials of Indian Philosophy 5. A.C. Ewing Fundamental Questions of Philosophy 6. H. Titus Living issues in Philosophy 7. C.D. Sharma A Critical Survey of Indian Philosophy 8. William Lillie An Introduction to Ethics
Max. Marks: 100 Time: 3 Hrs.
Unit 1: Curriculum: a) Meaning and importance of curriculum with reference to the views as put forth by: i) Ross ii) Cunningham iii) Dewey iv) Tagore v) Zakir Hussain b) Types of curriculum: i) Subject centered curriculum: its meaning, merits and demerits. ii) Activity centered curriculum: its meaning, merits and demerits. iii) Defects in Curriculum 10 marks Unit II: Co-curricular activities: a) Meaning and Significance. b) Types: i) Literary ii) Physical iii) Social iv) Cultural v) Aesthetic 8 marks Unit III: Gandhian Education: Basic scheme of education with reference to : (i) Aims (ii) Curriculum (iii) Teacher (iv) Methodology (v) Discipline 8 marks Unit IV: Elementary Education: (a) Meaning & Objectives (b) Universalization: (i) Problems (ii) Remedies – Non-Formal Education (NFE), District Primary Education Programme (DPEP), and Early Childhood: Care and Education (ECCE).
c) Wastage & Stagnation – causes & remedies 10 marks Unit V: National Integration: (a) Meaning and importance (b) Obstacles in the way of national integration (c) Role of education in promoting national integration 6 marks Unit VI: Population Education: (a) Meaning and Objectives of population education (b) Population Explosion: causes, its effects and strategies of population control. 6 marks Unit VII: Human Development: (i) Meaning and Principles of growth and development:
(ii) Stages of growth and development (infancy, Childhood and Adolescence with reference to physical, mental and social development) 10 marks Unit VIII: Child Study: (ii) Meaning and Importance. (iii) Methods (case study and observation methods)
Unit IX: Role of Emotions in the development of a child: A. Meaning and Classification. B. Common patterns of emotions (Affection. Fear, Anger and Jealousy) C. Training of emotions 6 marks Unit X: Acquired Elements of behaviour: Imitation sympathy and suggestion: their meaning Types and importance of education. 5 marks Unit XI: Learning: (i) Meaning and definition as given by Skinner, Hilgard, Gales, Thorndike. (ii) Laws of learning (Primary and Secondary) and their educational implications. (iii) Types of learning (Perceptual, Motor, Verbal and Conceptual) 10 marks Unit XII: Educational Statistics: (i) Meaning of variability. (ii) Methods of determining variability through Range, Q.D, M.D, and S.D. (Calculations) 15 marks Books Suggested 1. A textbook of Education by Dr. G. Rasool and Dr. H. P. Mangotra. 2. A Modern Textbook of Education by J. S. Walia. 3. Educational Statistics by Dr. G. Rasoo1. 4. Education Psychology by H. R. Bhatia. 5. An Introduction to Education by N. A. Nadeem. Fulbright Publishing Company, Simco Press Building, Doodganga Road, Karan Nagar, Srinagar-190010 (Kashmir).
Maximum Marks : 100 Theory: 70 marks Practicals: 30 Marks PSYCHOLOGY, SELF AND SOCIETY Unit I: Intelligence and Aptitude Marks 09 Time: 3 Hours
The unit aims at studying how people differ with respect to intelligence and aptitude. Individual differences in intelligence: Theories of Intelligence; Culture and Intelligence; Emotional intelligence; Aptitude: Nature and types: Assessment of psychological attributes. Unit II: Self and Personality Marks 10 This unit focuses on the study of self and personality in the context of different approaches in an effort to appraise the person. The assessment of personality will also be discussed. Concepts of self, self-esteem, self-efficacy and self-regulation; Culture and self; Personality Concept; Approaches to Personality: Type and Trait, Psychodynamic, Humanistic, Behavioural and Cultural; Assessment of Personality: Self-report Measures, Behavioural Analysis, and Projective Measures. Unit III: Human Strengths and Meeting Life Challenges Marks 07 This unit deals with the nature of stress and how responses to stress depend on an individual’s appraisal of stressors. Strategies to cope with stress will also be dealt with. Life challenge and adjustment; Concept of adaptation; Human strengths and virtues: Nature, types and effects on psychological functioning; Coping with stress; Concepts of health and well-being; Life style, health and well-being. Unit IV: Psychological Disorders Marks 10 This unit discusses the concepts of normality and abnormality and the major psychological disorders. Concepts of abnormality and psychological disorder, Causal factors associated with abnormal behaviour, Classification of disorder, Major psychological disorders: Anxiety, Somato-form Dissociative, Mood, Schizophrenic, Developmental and Behavioural Substance Related. Unit V : Therapeutic Approaches and Counseling Marks 07 This unit discusses the goals, techniques and effectiveness of different approaches to treat psychological disorders. Nature and process of therapy; Nature of therapeutic relationship; Types of therapies: Psychodynamic, Humanistic, Cognitive, Behavior; Alternative therapies: Yoga, Meditation; Zen; Rehabilitation of mentally ill people. Counseling. Unit VI: Attitude and Social Cognition Marks 08 This unit focuses on the formation and change of attitudes, cultural influences on attributional tendencies and conditions influencing pro-social behaviour. Explaining behaviour through attributions; Social cognition; Schemas and stereotypes; Impression formation; Nature and components of attitudes; Attitude formation and change; 22
Behaviour in the presence of others: Pro-social Behaviour; Prejudice and discrimination; Strategies for handling prejudice. Unit VII : Social Influence and Group Processes Marks 07 The unit deals with the concept of group, its functions and the dynamics of social influence process like conformity, obedience and compliance. Different conflict resolution strategies will also be discussed. Influence Processes: Nature of Conformity, Obedience, and Compliance: Cooperation and Competition; Groups: Nature, formation and types; Influence of group on individual behaviour; Social identity; Inter-Group Conflict; Conflict Resolution Strategies. Unit VIII: Environmental and Social Concerns Marks 06 This unit focuses on the application of psychological understanding to some important social issues. Human- environment relationship; Environmental effects on human behaviour. Noise, pollution, crowding, natural disasters, social issue: Aggression and Violence; Social Inequality and Poverty; Media and human values; Promoting pro-environmental behaviour, Human rights and citizenship; Peace. Unit IX: Applied Psyhology. Marks 06 This unit introduces some of the important areas of application of psychology. Application of psychology to following areas: 1. Sports 2. Education 3. Communication 4. Organisation PRACTICAL External: 20 Internal:10 30 Marks
Psychological Testing Practicals The students shall be required to prepare one case profile and conduct 2 Practicals related to the topics covered in the course. The case profile will include developmental history of the subject, using both qualitative (observation, interview) and quantitative (Psychological testing) approaches. Practicals would involve using standardized psychological assessment devices in different domains (e.g. intelligence, personality, aptitude, adjustment, attitude, self-concept, and anxiety).
Distribution of Marks: (i) Practical File 03 Marks (ii) Case Profile 03 Marks (iii) Viva Voce (Case profile and practical) 04 Marks (iv) Two practicals (5 for accurate conduct and 10 for reporting).
10 Marks Textbook Suggested: Textbook of Psychology published by NCERT New Delhi
Maximum Marks : 100 Theory: 80 marks Practicals:20 Marks INDIAN SOCIETY Unit 1: Introducing Indian Society Colonialism, Nationalism, Class and Community Unit 2: Demographic Structure and Indian Society Rural-Urban Linkages and Divisions Unit 3: Social Institutions: Continuity & Change Family and Kinship The Caste System Tribal Society Unit 4: Market As a Social Institution Market as a Social Institution Unit 5: Pattern of Social Inequality & Exclusion Caste Prejudice, Scheduled Castes and Other Backward Classes Marginalization of Tribal Communities The Struggle for Women’s Equality The Protection of Religious Minorities Caring for the Differently Abled Unit 6: The Challenges of Cultural Diversity Problems of Communalism, Regionalism, Casteism & Patriarchy Role of the State in a Plural and Unequal Society What We Share Unit 7: Suggestions for Project Work Non- Evaluative Time: 3 Hours
CHANGE AND DEVELOPMENT IN INDIA Unit 8: Structural Change Colonialism, Industrialization, Urbanization. Unit 9: Cultural Change Modernization, Westernization, Sanskritisation, Secularization . Social Reform Movements & Laws Unit 10: The Story Of Democracy The Constitution as an instrument of Social Change Parties, Pressure Groups and Democratic Politics Panchayati Raj and the Challenges of Social Transformation Unit 11: Change And Development In Rural Society Land Reforms, Green Revolution and Agrarian Society Marks 06
Unit 12: Change And Development In Industrial Society From Planned Industrialization to Liberalization Changes in the Class Structure Unit 13: Globalisation And Social Change Unit 14: Mass Media And Communication Process
Marks 06 Marks 06
Unit 15: Social Movements Marks 06 Class-Based Movements: Workers, Peasants. Caste-Based Movements: Dalit Movement, Backward Castes, Trends in Upper Caste Responses.Women’s Movements in Independent India. Tribal Movements. Environmental Movements. Practical Examination External: 15 Max. Marks 20 Internal: 05 Time allotted: 3hrs 05 marks
A. Project (undertaken during the academic year at school level) i. Statement of the purpose: 11/2marks ii. Methodology / Technique: 11/2 marks iii. Conclusion: 2 marks B. Viva – based on the project work C. Research design i. Overall format: 1 mark ii Research Question/Hypothesis : 1 mark iii. Choice of technique: 2 mark iv. Detailed procedure for implementation of technique: 2 mark v. Limitations of the above technique: 2 mark B & C to be administered on the day of the external examination
02 marks 08 marks
Maximum Marks: 100 Time: 03 hr
Chapter I: Algebraic Equations (10 marks) Definition of a Polynomial, Algebraic Equation, Roots of an equation, Fundamental Theorm of Algebra (without proof), Every Equation of nth degree has n and only n roots, Synthetic division, Relation between the roots and coefficients of an equation, Solution of cubic equations under given conditions (Roots in A.P, G.P, H.P etc).
Chapter II: Matrices and Determinants. (14 marks) Definition of Matrix, Types of matrices; Addition and Multiplication of Matrices, Transpose of a matrix, Properties of Transpose (with illustration and without proof).
a) (A/)/ = A b) (KA)/ = KA/ where K is a real number. c) (A + B)/ = A/ + B/ d) (AB)/ = B/A/ Determinants of order not exceeding 3, Properties of determinants (with illustrations and without proof) and their application, Minors and co-factors of the elements of a determinant: Zero relation, Solution of Linear Equation ( with not more that 3 variables) using determinants (Cramers rule).
Singular and non-singular Matrices, Adjoint of a Matrix, Inverse of a Matrix, Solution of Linear Equations with not more than 3 variables using matrix methods. Chapter III: Probability (06 marks) Random experiment and sample space, event, Definition of Probability in a discrete sample space, its simple applications. Theorems on probability:. P( A )= 1 – P(A), P(AUB) = P(A) + P(B) – P(A∩B), and their simple applications Chapter IV: Partial Fractions. (06 marks) Partial fractions with Linear, Repeated Linear and Quadratic Denominators. Chapter V : Three Dimensional Geometry. (14 marks) Co-ordinate of a point in space, Distance between two points, Section formula, Direction cosines and direction ratios of a line joining two points, Projection of the join of two points on a given line, Angle between two lines whose direction ratios are given. Chapter VI: Limits and Continuity of a function (10 marks) Limit of a function, Left and Right hand limits, Algebra of Limits, Fundamental Limits,
log(1 + x ) xn − an Sinθ e x −1 lim , lim lim , lim x→a x − a θ →0 θ x →0 x→a x x
And their Applications. Continuity of a function at a point. Chapter VII: Differentiation (10 marks) Derivative of a function, Its Geometric and Physical significance, Derivative of some simple functions from first principle (Algebraic, Exponential and Trigonometric only).
Derivative of Sum, Difference, Product and quotient of functions. Second order derivative of a function Derivative of Inverse Trigonometric functions
(10 marks) Chapter VIII: Applications of Derivatives Tangents and Normals, (Cartesian Cordinates only), Maxima and Minima. Statements of Rolle’s Theorem and Lagranges Mean Value Theorem and their simple applications. Chapter IX: Integration (10 marks) Integration as inverse of differentiation, Integration by substitution, Integration by parts, Integration by partial fractions, Simple problem on definite integrals.
(10 marks) Differential Equations of first order and first degree, Variable separable, Homogeneous Equations, Linear differential equations,.
Max. Marks: 1OO Units I. II. III. IV. V. VI. VII. VIII. IX. X. Unit-I Teachings of Islam Islamic character Human values in Islam Human Rights in Islam Rights of women Introduction to the Quran Knowledge and the Quranic teachings Economic teachings of the Quran Introduction to Hadith Introduction to Fiqh : Teachings of Islam (i) Justice (ii) Liberty (iii) Equality (iv) Tolerance Time allowed: 3 hours Marks 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 marks
Islamic Character 10 marks (i) Greetings, Manners at meetings – Mutual help and Cooperation. (ii) Relation with neighbors and relatives. (iii) Respect for Life (iv) Respect for feelings and emotions. (v) Respect for Parents and Elders. Human values in Islam 10marks (i) Concept of human values. (ii) Significance of the fundamentals of Islam in inculcating values. (iii) Preservation of the rules of human behaviour: (a) Faithfulness (b) Honesty (c) Obedience (d) Politeness (e) Mercy Human Rights in Islam (i) Importance of human rights in Islam. (ii) A brief account of the following rights: (a) Right to Life. (b) Right to Property. (c) Right to Self-respect. (d) Right to Freedom Speech and Thought. (e) Right to Asylum. (f) Right to privacy. (g) Right to seek Knowledge. (h) Right to Relation. 10 marks
(i) Children’s rights. (j) Right to belief. Unit-V marks : Status and Rights of women (i) (ii) Status of women in pre-quaint times. Rights of women in Islam: (a) Equality in Status. (b) Right of Inheritance. (c) Freedom in Marriage. (d) Mutual rights between Man & Woman. (e) Significance of Maher (Dower).
10 marks Introduction to the Quran (i) What is revelation? (ii) The chain of revelations (The torah, the Zaboor, the Injeel, the Quran).
(iii) The Quranic view of the revelations. (iv) The first revelation of the Quran. Knowledge and the Quranic Teachings (i) The Quranic concept of Knowledge. (a) Importance attached to Knowledge in the Quran. (b) Universality. (c) Scientific Approach. (ii) Quranic Commandments (a) The lawful (b) The un-lawful. Economic Teachings of the Quran (i) Economic activity of man. (ii) Private and Public Enterprise. (iii) Concept of Zakat and Sadaqah and its importance. (iv) Utilization of the Economic Resources. Introduction to Hadith (i) Meaning of Hadith. (ii) Compilation of Hadith. (iii) Types of Hadith : (a) Sahih; (b) Hasan; (c) Daief. (d) Mutawatir; (e) Mandu. (iv) Some important Hadith – collections (Sahay –al – Sittah).
Unit–X: Introduction of Fiqh : (i) Meaning of Fiqh. (ii) Origin and Development of Fiqh. (iii) Sources of Fiqh. (a) The Quran; (b) The Hadith. (c) The Ijma (d) Qiyas.
BOOK PRESCRIBED: Islamic Studies for Class XII Published by Devra Books in cooperation with J & K State Board of School Education. BOOKS SUGGESTED : 1. M. Yosuf Islahi 2. M. Asad 3. K. Ahmad 4. Pikthall 5. M. Maudodi 6. Hanafi 7. M. Numani 8. Islamic Adabi – Zindagi Islam at the Cross Roads Basic Teachings of the Quran Introduction to the Quran Towards Understanding Islam A survey of Muslim Institutions Quran and You Jurisprudance.
Max. Marks: 100 Unit Unit Unit Unit Unit Unit Unit Unit Unit I II III IV V VI VII VIII I (i) Vedic Scholars – Indian and Western Allied Vedic Literature Universe The Land and the People Literature having Vedas as Source ‘I’ Literature having Vedas as Source ‘II’ Vedic Science and Technology. Vedic Concepts. Vedic Scholars – Indian and Western: Indian Scholars : Yåsk, Venkat Mådhav, Såyana, Swami Dayanand, Aurobindo Ghosha and Vinobå Bhåve. Western Scholars : Rudalf Roth, Friedrick, Max Muller, Allied Vedic Literature : Vedångas. Upavedas Universe : Origin of Universe. Parts of Universe. The Land and the People : Mother Land. People. Flora and Fauna. Literature having Vedas as Source ‘I’: Råmåyana. Mahabhårata Literature having Vedas as Source ‘II’ : Smritis Purånas Time Allowed : 03 Hours Marks 10 Marks 10 Marks 10 Marks 20 Marks 15 Marks 15 Marks 10 Marks 10
II (i) (ii)
III (i) (ii)
IV (i) (ii) (iii)
V (i) (ii)
VI (i) (ii)
VII (i) (ii) (iii)
Vedic Science and Technology : Ganita. Physics Chemistry Vedic Concepts : Universal Law Sacrifice Equality and Unity. Punya and Påpa. Four Aims of Life
VIII (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v)
BOOK PRESCRIBED : Vedic Studies Part-II Published by Jammu and Kashmir State Board of School Education.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 History of Ancient Indian Music Indian Scale of Shruti Swar Sthana( Shudh Swaras only) Classification of Ragas (Raga Ragini Paddhati and That Raga Paddhati) Time Theory of Indian Music Definition of Nine Jatis Shudh Raga, Chayalag Rag and Sankeerna Raga. Writing of Notation of the Ragas of your course of Study. Notation of Talas of your course of study ( with its single and Layakaris) Definition of Ragas. Definition of Talas Description of the instruments you have opted for ( with diagram) Sitar/ Tanpura. Life history and contribution of following musicians 1 Bhimsen Joshi II Ravi Shankar III Amjad Ali Khan
Books Suggested 1 Sangeet Shastra Darpan 2 Sangeet Visharad Kramik pustak Malika (Part I and Part II) 3 PRACTICALS 1 Chhota Khayal or Razakhani Ghat with Taan, or Toda and Jhalla in the following Ragas:Shudh Kalyan, Malkauns 2. Bada Khayal/ Maseet Khani Ghat in any one of the Ragas of the course with elaborations 3. Any devotional or Patriotic song and Tarana in any the Ragas 4. Recitation of talas of the course :i) Ek Taal ii) Tilwara taal iii) Rupak taal iv) Jhap taal 5 Ability to recognize the Ragas of your course 6 Knowledge of Aalankaars Note:- Maintenance of the File for practical work to be included in Internal assessment. Suggestions Recommended 1 Text of Question Papers should be in English, Hindi and Urdu text as students use to answer in either Hindi or Urdu text and the books recommended are in Hindi or Sanskrit. 2 Music subject should be available to those students only who pass the aptitude test only of her recommendation of the concerned teacher. 3 Directives should be issued the head of the Institution two provide basic infrastructure for the music subject (Music Room, Instruments) 4 There should be a Tabla accompanist in every school having music as a subject. 5 Music as a subject should be included in the Arts stream in various private schools and Higher Secondaries.
Theory: Marks 100 I. II. III. IV. V. VI. RELATIONS AND FUNCTIONS ALGEBRA CALCULUS VECTORS AND THREE – DIMENSIONAL GEOMETRY LINEAR PROGRAMMING PROBABILITY Time allowed: 03 hrs. Marks 10 Marks 13 Marks 44 Marks 17 Marks 06 Marks 10
UNIT I. RELATIONS AND FUNCTIONS 1. Relations and Functions Types of relations: reflexive, symmetric, transitive and equivalence relations. One to one and onto functions, composite functions, inverse of a function. Binary operations. 2. Inverse Trigonometric Functions Definition, range, domain, principal value branches. Graphs of inverse trigonometric functions. Elementary properties of inverse trigonometric functions. UNIT-II: ALGEBRA 1. Matrices Concept, notation, order, equality, types of matrices, zero matrix, transpose of a matrix, symmetric and skew symmetric matrices. Addition, multiplication and scalar multiplication of matrices, simple properties of addition, multiplication and scalar multiplication. Noncommutativity of multiplication of matrices and existence of non-zero matrices whose product is the zero matrix (restrict to square matrices of order 2).
Concept of elementary row and column operations. Invertible matrices and proof of the uniqueness of inverse, if it exists; (Here all matrices will have real entries).
2. Determinants Determinant of a square matrix (up to 3 x 3 matrices), properties of determinants, minors, cofactors and applications of determinants in finding the area of a triangle. Adjoint and inverse of a square matrix. Consistency, inconsistency and number of solutions of system of linear equations by examples, solving system of linear equations in two or three variables (having unique solution) using inverse of a matrix. Cramer’s rule and its applications. UNIT-III: CALCULUS 1. Continuity and Differentiability Continuity and differentiability, derivative of composite functions, chain rule, derivatives of inverse trigonometric functions, derivate of implicit functions. Concept of exponential and logarithmic functions to the base e. Logarithmic functions as inverse of exponential functions.
lim 1/x, lim 1/x, , lim (1+ 1/x)x , lim (1+ x)1/x , lim
ex − 1 log(1 + x) , lim x x x->0 x->0
Derivative of logarithmic and exponential functions. Logarithmic differentiation, derivative of functions expressed in parametric forms. Second order derivatives. Rolle’s and Lagrange’s Mean Value Theorems (without proof) and their geometric interpretations and simple applications. 2. Applications of Derivatives
Applications of derivatives: rate of change, increasing/decreasing functions, tangents & normals, approximation, maxima and minima (first derivative test motivated geometrically and second derivative test given as a provable tool).
Simple problems (that illustrate basic principles and understanding of the subject as well as real-life situations).
3. Integrals Integration as inverse process of differentiation. Integration of a variety of functions by substitution, by partial fractions and by parts, only simple integrals of the type to be evaluated.
dx x ± a2
dx x ±a
dx a −x
dx , ax + bx + c ∫
dx ax + bx + c
px + q dx . ax + bx + c
px + q ax + bx + c
a ± x 2 dx
x 2 − a 2 dx
ax 2 + bx + c dx
a + bCosx
a + bSinx
( px + q )
ax 2 + bx + c dx
Definite integrals as a limit of a sum, Fundamental Theorem of Calculus (without proof).
Basic properties of definite integrals and evaluation of definite integrals.
4. Applications of the Integrals Applications in finding the area under simple curves, especially lines, areas of circles/ parabolas/ellipses (in standard form only), area under the curve y = sin x, y = cos x, area between the two above said curves (the region should be clearly identifiable).
5. Differential Equations Definition, order and degree, general and particular solutions of a differential equation. Formation of differential equation whose general solution is given. Solution of differential equations by method of separation of variables, homogeneous differential equations of first order and first degree. Solutions of linear differential equation of the type: dy + py = q, where p and q are functions of x and dx dx + px = q, where p and q are functions of y. dy UNIT-IV: VECTORS AND THREE-DIMENSIONAL GEOMETRY 1. Vectors Vectors and scalars, magnitude and direction of a vector. Direction cosines/ratios of vectors. Types of vectors (equal, unit, zero, parallel and collinear vectors), position vector of a point, negative of a vector, components of a vector, addition of vectors, multiplication of a vector by a scalar, position vector of a point dividing a line segment in a given ratio. Scalar (dot) product of vectors, projection of a vector on a line. Vector (cross) product of vectors. Scalar triple product. 2. Three – dimensional Geometry Direction cosines/ratios of a line joining two points. Cartesian and vector equation of a line, coplanar and skew lines, shortest distance between two lines. Cartesian and vector equation
of a plane. Angle between (i) two lines, (ii) two planes. (iii) a line and a plane. Distance of a point from a plane.
UNIT-V: LINEAR PROGRAMMING 1. Linear Programming Introduction, definition of related terminology such as constraints, objective function, optimization, different types of linear programming (L.P.) problems, mathematical formulation of L.P. problems, graphical method of solution for problems in two variables, feasible and infeasible regions, feasible and infeasible solutions, optimal feasible solutions (up to three nontrivial constraints).
UNIT-VI: PROBABILITY 1. Probability Multiplication theorem on probability. Conditional probability, independent events, total probability, Baye’s theorem, Random variable and its probability distribution, mean and variance of random variable. Repeated independent (Bernoulli) trials and Binomial distribution. Suggested Textbook 1) Mathematics Textbook for Class XII, NCERT Publication.
Max. Marks: 100 Theory: 70 marks Practical: 30 marks Unit Wise Weightage Unit – I Probability -II Unit – II Basic Designs of Experiments. Unit – III Index Number. Unit – IV Vital Statistics Unit – V Regression Analysis Unit – VI Basic Statistical Inference Unit – VII Time Series Unit – VIII Quality Control Unit – IX Curve Fitting & Least Square Unit – X Interpolation & Extrapolation Unit – XI Computer Programming Practical: Max. Marks Internal Assessment External Assessment Time allowed: 3 hrs
08 marks 06 marks 06 marks 08marks 06 marks 06 marks 06 marks 06 marks 06 marks 06 marks 06 marks
: 30 marks : 10 marks : 20 marks
Unit-I : Probability-II 08 marks Random variable; Discrete random variable and continuous random variable, Distribution function, Probability mass function, probability density function. Definition of Bernaulli distribution, Binomial distribution and Poission distribution and their mean and variance; Examples of different random experiments giving rise to random variables with these distributions. Unit-II : Basic Designs of Experiment 06 marks Definition of a designs, experimental unit, treatment Principles of design of experiments, randomization, replication and local Control. Determination of number of replications, size and shape experimental Unit, Layouts of completely Randomized Block Design, Randomized Block Design, and Lalin square Design. Practical situations where these designs can be used. Merits and demerits of CDR, RDB & LSD. Unit-III : Index Number 06 marks
Introduction, Characteristics of Index numbers, uses of Index numbers, Problems in the construction of Index numbers, Notations, Price relatives, quantity relatives and value relatives. Methods of constructing Index numbers, Simple or unweighted Index numbers and its limitations. Simple average of Price relatives : method, its merits and demerits, Weighted Index numbers, Laspeyers index numbers, Paschey’s Index numbers and Fishers ideal index numbers.
Unit-IV : Vital Statistics 08 marks
Meaning and nature, uses of vital statistics, methods of obtaining vital statistics, vital events, Rates of vital events, Measurements of population, mean population, measures of fertility and mortality. Crude birth rate, Crude death rate, Specific birth rate, Specific death rate. Standardized birth and death rate. General fertility rate, Specific fertility rate, Age specific fertility rate; total fertility rate.
Unit-V : Regression Analysis 06 marks
Regression analysis as the method of predicting the value of one quantitative variable from those of other quantitative variables, viz. Regression Coefficients and their properties, two regression equations, Graphing of regression lines, Angle between two lines of Regression.
Unit-VI : Basic Statistical Inference 06 marks
Introductory definitions, Statistic, Estimator, Estimates, Parameter, Parameter Space, Unbiasedness, Consistency, Efficient Estimator, Most efficient estimator, Efficiency, Sufficiency, Statistical hypothesis, Null hypothesis, Alternative hypothesis, Acceptance and Rejection regions, Types of error, Level of significance, Power of the test.
Unit-VII : Time Series 06 marks
Introduction, importance of time series, Components of time series, secular trend, seasonal variation, Cyclic variation & irregular movements. Time series models, Additive model and multiplication model, limitations of the models of time series, measurements of trend; free hand graph method: merits and demerits, Semi-average method, Moving average method: merits and demerits, methods of Least Squares, Filling of straight line: Merits and demerits.
Unit-VIII : Quality Control 06 marks
Introduction, Process control, control charts, control limits, tools for statistical quality control, Control chart for variables, X and R-charts; Critierion for detecting lack of control in X and R charts. Interpretation of X and R charts. Control charts for attributes; P-chart or control chart for fraction defective, control chart for number of defects per unit (C-chart).
Application of C-Chart.
Unit-IX : Curve Fitting and Method of Least Square 06 marks
Curve fitting, straight line, Parabola, Freehand method of curve fitting. Method of least squares, normal equations, fitting of a straight line and fitting of second degree parabola. Fitting of Exponential land Geometric curves.
Unit-X : interpolation and Extrapolation 06 marks
Finite differences, Difference formula, Difference table, The operators E and their properties. Interpolation and extrapolation with equal intervals. Graphical Method, Method of Curve fitting – Drawbacks of the method. Newton’s Gregory formula for forward interpolation and back ward interpolation. Divided difference; properties, Newton’s formula for unequal intervals, Relation between divided difference and ordinarily differences, LaGrange’s interpolation formula for unequal intervals.
Unit-XI : Computer Programming 06 marks
Introduction to Computers and its applications in statistics, various parts of a computer, Hard disk, Monitor, Keyboard, Printer, Floppy Disks, Flow charts for mean and variance. Overview of DOS and BASIC Commands (DIR, COPY, DELETE, RENAME, LIST, RUN, SAVE, LOAD, INPUT/OUTPUT Commands, Arithmetic expressions, Control Statements (GO TO, IF-THEN) Programme for mean and variance.
(a) Internal Assessment 1. 2. 3. 4. : 10 marks (b) External Examination : 20 marks Contraction of Index Numbers using unweighted index Numbers Construction of Index Numbers by Laspeyers method Construction of Index Numbers by Paschey’s method Construction of Index Numbers by Fishers method
Marks : 30
5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12.
Find measures of fertility and mortality Calculate Age Specific Fertility rate and total Fertility rate Estimation of trend values by Free hand and Moving average method Estimation of trend by Fitting of a straight line Construction of X and R -charts Draw P-Chart and C-Chart Fitting of a Straight line, parabola and Exponential Curve Interpolation by using Newtons and Lagranges method.
BOOKS SUGGESTED: 1. Fundamentals of Statistics S.P. Gupta 2. Statistical Methods S.P. Gupta 3. Fundamental of Applied Statistics S.C. Gupta & V.K. Kapoor 4. Numerical Methods Jain & lyenger 5. Programming in Basic Balguruswamy .
BUSINESS MATHEMATICS Max. Marks: – 100 Time: – 3 hrs
Unit I: Introduction to Computers Computing (I) What are computers? What they can perform and what they can not perform, role and use of computers in modern society, etc. Meaning of a problem-algorithm, a detailed and precise step by step method of solution of the problem illustrated by means of simple day to day problems (like buying and article, multiplication of numbers, etc) Simple flow charting (decision boxes included but not loops), Easy exercises. Computing (II) Flow charts involving loops-algorithms for mathematical problems already studied from topics such as profit and loss, ratio and proportion, simple and compound interests, discount; HCF and LCM, etc. Easy exercise 10 marks Unit II Statistics 1. Definition of statistics 2. Organising raw data in a form in which it is more easily comprehended; Recall of frequency distribution and its graphical representation through bar diagram, pi-charts, etc. 3. Relative frequency distribution as a tool for comparing two distributions. 4. Measure of location and dispersion as methods of summarizing the information contained in a frequency distribution. Mean and standard deviation; Median and Mean deviation about the median. 5. Methods of calculating mean, standard deviation and mean deviation. 10 marks Unit III Partnership Investment of capital for unequal period, sharing of profit, partners salaries, interest on capital, profit sharing on the admission of a new partners/retirement of an existing partner. 10 marks Unit IV Bill of Exchange Introduction of Bill of Exchange, Bankers discount, true discount and Bankers gain, Types of Bill of Exchange, Feature of a Bill of Exchange, Advantages of bill exchange. 10 marks Unit V Matrices and Determinants Matrix as rectangular arrangements of numbers. Type of matrices, equality of matrices; Addition, Scalar multiplication and multiplication of matrices, linear combinations of matrices, non-commutativity and associativity of matrix, multiplication, singular and non-singular matrices; Linear equation in matrix notation, Determinants; minors cofactors of determinants, expansion of a determinant, properties and elementary transformation of determinants, application of determinants in solution of equations and area of a triangle; Cramer’s rule, adjoint and inverse of a matrix and its properties; Application of matrices in solving simultaneous equations in three variable. 10 mark Unit VI Annuities Annuities and its types: present value and amount in case of (i) Ordinary annuity (ii) Annuity due, differed annuity, sinking fund. 10 marks.
Unit VII Integrals Integration as inverse process of differentiation. Integration of a variety of functions by substitution, by partial fraction and by parts, only simple integrals of the type
dx dx dx dx dx , ,∫ , 2 ,∫ , 2 ∫ ±a x 2 ±a 2 a 2 − x 2 ax + bx + c ax 2 + bx + c ( px + q ) ( px + q ) 2 2 2 2 ∫ ax 2 + bx + c dx, ∫ ax 2 + bx + c dx, ∫ x ± x dx and ∫ x − a dx to be evaluated.
Definite integrals as a limit of a sum. Fundamental Theorem of Calculus (without proof).
Basic properties of definite integrals and evaluation of definite integrals. 10 marks Unit VIII Application of Integrals Application in finding the area under simple curves, especially lines, arcs of circles/ parabolas/ellipse (in standard form only), area between the two above said curves (the region should be clearly identifiable).
10 marks Unit IX Differential Equations Definition, order and degree, general and particular solutions of a differential equation. Formation of differential equation whose general solution is given. Solution of differential equations by method of separation of variables, homogeneous differential equations of first order and first degree. Solutions of linear differential equation of the type: dy + P y = Q, where P and Q are functions of x. dx 10 marks Unit X Application of Calculus Commerce and Economics Average cost and marginal costs, total revenue, average revenue and marginal revenue, Break even analysis, maximization of total revenue and total profits, maximization of average cost. 10 marks
COMPUTER SCIENCES Maximum Marks: 100
Theory: Marks 70 Practicals: Marks 30 Time: 3 hours
• • • • •
PROGRAMMING IN C++ DATA STRUCTURES DATABASES AND SQL BOOLEAN LOGIC COMMUNICATION AND OPEN SOURCE CONCEPTS
Marks 30 Marks 14 Marks 08 Marks 08 Marks 10
UNIT 1: PROGRAMMING IN C++ REVIEW: C++ covered In Class -XI, Object Oriented Programming: Concept of Object Oriented Programming – Data hiding, Data encapsulation, Class and Object, Abstract class and Concrete class, Polymorphism (Implementation of polymorphism using Function overloading as an example in C++); Inheritance, Advantages of Object Oriented Programming over earlier programming methodologies, Implementation of Object Oriented Programming concepts in C++: Definition of a class, Members of a class – Data Members and Member Functions (methods), Using Private and Public visibility modes, default visibility mode (private); Member function definition: inside class definition and outside class definition using scope resolution operator (::); Declaration of objects as instances of a class; accessing members from object(s), Array of type class, Objects as function arguments – pass by value and pass by reference; Constructor and Destructor: Constructor: Special Characteristics, Declaration and Definition of a constructor, Default Constructor, Overloaded Constructors, Copy Constructor, Constructor with default arguments; Destructor: Special Characteristics, Declaration and definition of destructor; Inheritance (Extending Classes): Concept of Inheritance, Base Class, Derived Class, Defining derived classes, protected visibility mode; Single level inheritance, Multilevel inheritance and Multiple inheritance, Privately derived, Publicly derived and Protectedly derived class, accessibility of members from objects and within derived class(es); data file Handling: Need for a data file, Types of data files – Text file and Binary file; Text File: Basic file operations on text file: Creating/Writing text into file, Reading and manipulation of text from an already existing text File (accessing sequentially); Binary File: Creation of file, Writing data into file, Searching for required data from file, Appending data to a file, Insertion of data in sorted file, Deletion of data from file, Modification of data in a file; Implementation of above mentioned data file handling in C++; Components of C++ to be used with file handling: Header file: fstream.h; ifstream, ofstream, fstream classes; Opening a text file in in, out, and app modes; Using cascading operators for writing text to the file and reading text from the file; open(), get(), put(), getline() and close() functions; Detecting end-of-file (with or without using eof() function); Opening a binary file using in, out, and app modes; open(), read(), write() and close() functions; Detecting end-of-file (with or without using eof() function); tellg(), tellp(), seekg(), seekp() functions Pointers: Declaration and Initialization of Pointers; Dynamic memory allocation/deallocation operators: new, delete; Pointers and Arrays: Array of Pointers, Pointer to an array (1 dimensional array), Function returning a pointer, Reference variables and use of alias; Function call by reference.
Pointer to structures: Deference operator: *, ->; self referencial structures; UNIT 2: DATA STRUCTURES Arrays: One and two Dimensional arrays: Sequential allocation and address calculation; One dimensional array: Traversal, Searching (Linear, Binary Search), Insertion of an element in an array, deletion of an element from an array, Sorting (Insertion, Selection, Bubble sort), concatenation of two linear arrays, merging of two sorted arrays; Two-dimensional arrays: Traversal, Finding sum/difference of two NxM arrays containing numeric values, Interchanging Row and Column elements in a two dimensional array; Stack (Array and Linked implementation of Stack): Operations on Stack (PUSH and POP) and its Implementation in C++, Converting expressions from INFIX to POSTFIX notation and evaluation of Postfix expression; Queue: (Circular Array and Linked Implementation): Operations on Queue (Insert and Delete) and its Implementation in C++.
UNIT 3: DATABASES AND SQL Database Concepts: Relational data model: Concept of domain, tuple, relation, key, primary key, alternate key, candidate key; Relational algebra: Selection, Projection, Union and Cartesian product; Structured Query Language: General Concepts: Advantages of using SQL, Data Definition Language and Data Manipulation Language; Data types: NUMBER, CHARACTER, DATE; SQL Commands: CREATE TABLE, DROP TABLE, ALTER TABLE, UPDATE…SET…, INSERT, DELETE; SELECT, DISTINCT, FROM, WHERE, IN, BETWEEN, GROUP BY, HAVING, ORDER BY; SQL functions: SUM, AVG, COUNT, MAX and MIN; obtaining results (SELECT query) from 2 tables using equi-join, cartesian product and union Note: Implementation of the above mentioned commands could be done on any SQL supported software on one or two tables.
UNIT 4: BOOLEAN LOGIC
Binary-valued Quantities, Boolean Variable, Boolean Constant and Boolean Operators: AND, OR, NOT; Truth Tables; Closure Property, Commutative Law, Associative Law, Identity law, Inverse law, Principle of Duality, Idempotent Law, Distributive Law, Absorption Law, Involution law, DeMorgan’s Law and their applications; Obtaining Sum of Product (SOP) and Product of Sum (POS) form from the Truth Table, Reducing Boolean Expression (SOP and POS) to its minimal form, Use of Karnaugh Map for obtaining minimal form of Boolean expressions (up to 4 variables); Applications of Boolean Logic: • Digital electronic circuit design using basic Logic Gates (NOT, AND, OR, NAND, NOR) • Use of Boolean operators (AND,OR) in SQL SELECT statements • Use of Boolean operators (AND, OR) in search engine queries.
UNIT 5: COMMUNICATION AND OPEN SOURCE CONCEPTS Evolution of Networking: ARPANET, Internet, Interspace; Different ways of sending data across the network with reference to switching techniques; Data Communication terminologies: Concept of Channel, Baud, Bandwidth (Hz, KHz, MHz, GHz) and Data transfer rate (bps, kbps, Mbps, Gbps, Tbps); Transmission media:
Practicals Duration: 3 hours
1. Programming in C++ Marks 10 One programming problem in C++ to be developed and tested in Computer during the examination. Marks are allotted on the basis of following: Logic : 5 Marks Documentation/Indentation : 2 Marks Output presentation : 3 Marks Notes: The types of problems to be given will be of application type from the following topics • Arrays (One dimensional and two dimensional) • Array of structure • Stack using arrays and linked implementation • Queue using arrays (circular) and linked implementation • Binary File operations (Creation, Displaying, Searching and modification) • Text File operations (Creation, Displaying and modification) • 2. SQL Commands Marks 05 Five Query questions based on a particular Table/Reaction to be tested practically on Computer during the examination. The command along with the result must be written in the answer sheet. 3. Project Work Marks 05 The project has to be developed in C++ language with Object Oriented Technology and also should have use of Data files. (The project is required to be developed in a group of 2-4 students) • Presentation on the computer • Project report (Listing, Sample, Outputs, Documentation)
4. Practical File Marks 05 Must have minimum 20 programs from the following topics • Arrays (One dimensional and two dimensional, sorting, searching, merging, deletion’& insertion of elements) • Arrays of structures, Arrays of Objects • Stacks using arrays and linked implementation • Queues using arrays (linear and circular) and linked implementation • File (Binary and Text) operations (Creation, Updation, Query) • Any computational based problems • 15 SQL commands along with the output based on any table/relation: 3 Marks • 5. Viva Voce Marks 05 Viva will be asked from syllabus covered in class XII and the project developed by student. GUIDELINES FOR PROJECTS (Class XII) 1. Preamble 1.1 The academic course in Computer Science includes one Project. The Purpose behind this is to consolidate the concepts and practices imparted during the course and to serve as a record of competence. 1.2 A group of 2-4 students as team may be allowed to work on one project. 2. Project content 2.1 Project for class XII should ensure the coverage of following areas of curriculum: a. Problem Solving b. Data Structure c. Object Oriented Programming in C++ d. Data File Handling Theme of the project can be • Any subsystem of a System Software or Tool • Any Scientific or a fairly complex algorithmic situation. School Management, Banking, Library information system, Hotel or Hospital • Management system, Transport query system • Quizzes/Games; • Tutor/Computer Aided Learning Systems 2.2 The aim of the project is to highlight the abilities of algorithmic formulation, modular programming, optimized code preparation, systematic documentation and other associated aspects of Software Development. 2.4 The assessment would be through the project demonstration and the Project Report, which should portray Programming Style, Structured Design, Minimum Coupling, High Cohesion, Good documentation of the code to ensure readability and ease of maintenance.
Romeo and Juliet by Shakespeare – 40 marks An Anthology of Poems – 60 marks Max. Marks 100 Blossoms-II UNIT-I 01 Say This City Has Ten Million Souls 02 A Far Cry From Africa 03 Galib’s Gazal Time 3 hrs
When I Have Fears That I May Cease To Be Selections From Under Siege
W.H.Auden Derek Walcott Translated by Aga Shahid Ali John Keats Mahmud Darwish Sarojini Naidu Toru Dutt Aga Shahid Ali Sri Aurobindu Faiz Ahmad Faiz Translated by Shiv K.Kumar
UNIT- II 06 The Queen’s Rival 07 The Lotus 08 A Memory Lost From Delhi 09 The Tiger And The Deer 10 Ask Me Not For That Old Fervour
UNIT-III 11 Vaakhs of Lal Ded
12 13 14 15
Rubayat of Omar Khayyam Leave This The Tale of Melon City Autumn
Translated by Prof. Neer ja Mattoo Translated by Edward FitzGerald Rabindra Nath Tagore Vikram Seth Kalidasa Translated by Arthur W. Ryder 15 Marks Translated by Prof. G.R.Malik Kehari Singh Madhukar Translated by Shiv Nath William Shakespeare Edgar Allan Poe 15 Marks
UNIT-IV 16 Shrukhs of Sheikh Ul Alam
17 18 19
A Will In The Name Of A New Man Seven Ages The Raven
SYALLBI AND SCHEME OF ASSESSMENT ) 10 Minutes shall be exclusively provided to the students for understanding the question paper apart from the allotted time. The paper shall be divided into four sections, Section “A” shall be exclusively based on the play tilted Romeo and Juliet by Shakespare carrying 40 Marks while as Section “B” shall be based on Blossoms-II Anthology of poems carrying 60 Marks.
SECTION “A” Play (40 Marks)
Q 1. One question based on reference to context. This question shall carry two parts, A & B with internal choice. Each part shall carry 7½ Marks. [7½ X2=15] Marks. Q 2. One long answer type question on theme, plot, style, background, character etc. of the play . The candidate shall have to attempt one question out of two. [10X1=10 Marks] Q 3. This question shall be based on two parts i,e a & b . Part a (short answer type question) shall be based on specific scene, incident, situation etc. which has special importance in the play. Part b shall be based on the opinion, critical appreciation of the play. This shall be an open type question based on the student’s understanding of the play with internal choice. Each part shall carry (05) marks. [05X02=10 Marks] Q 4. Objective type questions based on the play concerning profile of the playwright dates, theme, style, dramatic technique, plot, incident, dialogue, character etc. Each question shall carry one mark. [01X05=05 Marks]
(Poetry 60 Marks) One questions based on reference to context. This question shall carry two parts i,e a & b with internal choice . Each question shall carry 7½ Marks. [7½ X2=15] Marks. Q.6 This question shall be based on the poems emphasizing on poetic techniques / literary devices. The examiner may ask poetic techniques such as metaphor. Simile, personification, imagery paradox, irony, satire, supernaturalism etc. from the prescribed poems. Students shall have to attempt five questions out of eight each question shall carry four marks. [04X05=20 Marks] Q. 7. This question shall be based on two parts i,e a & b, each carrying 05 marks and shall be based on genre specificity of poems such as sonnet,. ode, ghazal, free verse etc. The candidate’s comprehensive and critical understanding of poems shall also be tested. The candidate shall have to attempt two questions out of four. There shall be internal choice in questions. [05 X2=10] Marks. Q. 8. Two short answer type question based on textual understanding of the poems with internal choice. [05 X2=10] Marks.
Objective type questions based on nineteen poems concerning profile of the poets, dates, poetic techniques, themes style etc. shall be asked. Each question shall carry 01 Mark [05 X1=05] Marks.
PHYSICS Maximum Marks: 100
Theory: Marks 70 Practicals: Marks 30 I. Electrostatics II. Current Electricity III. Magnetic effects of current and magnetism IV. Electro-magnetic induction and alternating currents V. Electro-magnetic waves VI. Optics VII. Dual nature of matter and radiation VIII. Atoms and Nuclei IX. Electronic devices X. Communication system Time: 3 hour
08 marks 07 marks 08 marks 08 marks 03 marks 14 marks 04 marks 06 marks 07 marks 05 marks
Unit I Electrostatics Electric charges; conservation of charge, coulomb’s law – force between two points charges, forces between multiple charges, superposition principle and continuous charge distribution. Electric field, electric field due to point charge, electric field lines, and electric dipole, electric field due to dipole, Torque on a dipole in uniform electric field. Electric flux, statement of Gauss’s theorem and its application to find field due to infinitely long straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell (field inside and outside).
Electric potential, potential difference, electric potential due to point charge, a dipole and system of charges; equipotential surfaces, electric potential energy of a system of two point charges and of electric dipole in an electrostatic field. Conductor and insulators, free charges and bound charges inside a conductor. Dielectrics and electric polarization, capacitors and capacitance, combination of capacitors in series and in parallel, capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates, energy stored in a capacitor. Van de Graaff generator. Unit-II Current Electricity: Electric current, flow of electric charges in a metallic conductor, drift velocity, mobility and their relation with electric current. Ohm’s law, electric resistance. V-I. Characteristics, (linear non-linear), electrical energy and power, electric resistivity and conductivity, carbon resistors, colour code for carbon resistors; Temperature dependence of resistance. Internal resistance of a cell, potential difference and emf of a cell, combination of cells in series and in parallel. Elementary idea of secondary cells. Kirchoff’s laws and their applications. Wheat stone bridge, meter bridge. Potentio meter-principle and its application to measure potential difference and for comparing e.m.f. of two cells; measurement of internal resistance of a cell. Unit-III Magnetic Eeffects of current and Magnetism Concept of magnetic field, Oersted’s experiment, Biot-Savart law and its application to current carrying circular loop. Ampere’s law and its applications to infinite long straight wire, straight and toroidal solenoids.
Force on a moving charge in a uniform magnetic and electric fields. Cyclotron. Force on a current carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field. Force between two parallel current carrying conductors-definition of ampere. Torque experienced by a currentloop in uniform magnetic field, moving coil galvanometerits current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter. Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment. Magnetic dipole moment of a revolving electron. Magnetic field intensity due to a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) along its axis and perpendicular to its axis. Torque on a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) in uniform magnetic field, bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, magnetic field lines, Earth’s magnetic field and magnetic elements. Para-dia-and ferro-magnetic substances with examples. Electromagnets and factors affecting their strength, permanent magnets.
Unit IV Electro-magnetic Induction and Alternating Currents Electromagnetic induction, Faraday’s laws, induced e.m.f. and current; Lenz’s law, Eddy currents, self and mutual inductance. Alternating currents, peak and rms value of alternating current/voltage. Reactance and impedence, LC oscillations (qualitative treatment only) & LCR circuits series, Resonance, power in A.C. circuits, wattles current, AC Generator and transformer. Unit-V Electro-magnetic Waves Need for displacement current, Electro-magnetic waves and their characteristics (qualitative ideas only) transverse nature of electromagnetic waves. Electromagnetic spectrum (radio-waves, micro-waves, infra-red, visible, ultraviolet, X-rays, gamma rays) including elementary facts about their uses. Unit VI Optics Ray Optics – Reflection of light; spherical mirrors; mirror formula, Refraction of lighttotal internal reflection and its applications, optical fibres, refraction at spherical surfaces, lenses, thin lenses formula, lens-makers formula, Newton’s relation: displacement method to find position of images (conjugate points), Magnification, power of lens, combination of thin lenses in contact. Combination of a lens and a mirror, Refraction and dispersion of light through a prism.
Scattering of light-blue colour of the sky and reddish appearance of the sun at sunrise and sunset. Elementary idea of Raman effect. Optical instruments – Human eye, image formation and accommodation, correction of eye defects (myopia, hypermetropia, presbyopia and astigmatism) using lenses. Microscopes and astronomical telescopes (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers. Wave optics-wave front and Huygens principle, reflection and refraction of plane wave at a plane surface using wavefronts. Proofs of laws of reflection and refraction using Huygens Principle, Interference, Young’s double slit experiment and expression for fringe width, coherent sources and sustained interference of light. Diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum. Resolving power of microscopes and astronomical telescopes. Polarization, plane polarized light Brewters law, uses of plane polarized light and polaroids.
Unit – VII : Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation Dual nature of radiation. Photoelectric effect, Hertz and Lenard’s observations; Einstein’s photoelectric equation- particle nature of light. Matter waves, wave nature of particles, de Broglie relation, Davisson- Germer experiment (experimental details should be omitted; only conclusion should be explained).
Unit VIII. Atomic Nuclei Alpha-particle scattering experiment, Rutherfords model of atom, Bohr’s Model of atom; energy levels, Hydrogen spectrum. Continuous and characteristics of X-rats. Composition and size of nucleus; atomic masses, isotopes, isobars, isotones, Radioactivity (alpha, beta and gamma) particles/rays and their properties, Radioactive decay law, Mass – energy relation, mass defect, binding energy/ nucleon and its variation with mass no., nuclear fission and nuclear fusion. Unit IX- Electronic Devices. Energy bands in solids, conductors, insulators and semiconductors, semiconductor diode, I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias, diode as a rectflier; I-V characteristics of LED, photo diode, solar cell and Zener diode; Zener diode as a voltage regulator, Junction transistors and its action; characteristics of a transistor, transistor as an amplifier (common emitter configuration and oscillator (common Emitter) Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT), concept of NAND and NOR gates, Transistor as a switch. Unit X – Communication System Elements of communication system (block diagram only), Band width of signals (speech, T.V and digital data); bandwidth of transmission medium, propagation of electromagnetic waves in the atmosphere, sky and space wave propagation. Need for modulation; Production and detection of an amplitude modulated wave. Practicals : 30 marks External: 20 Internal:10
Every student will perform at least 15 experiments (7 from section A & 8 from section B).
The activities mentioned here should be for the purpose of demonstration. One project of three marks is to be carried out by the students.
• • • • •
Evaluation Scheme for Practical Examination: One experiment from each of the two sections = 10 marks One activity from each of the two sections (2 activities in total) = 2+2= 04 marks Record of one Investigatory Project and viva based on Project = 02 marks Practical Record of experiments and activities = 02 marks Viva-voce on experiments and activity = 02 marks Total Marks = 20
Section – A Experiments: 1. To determine resistance per cm. of a given wire by plotting a graph of pot. difference vs. current (Ohm’s law) 2. To find resistance of a given wire using metre bridge and hence determine the specific resistance of its material. 3. To verify the laws of combination (series/parallel) of resistance using a metre bridge. 4. To compare the e.m.f of two given primary cells using potentiometer.
5. To determine internal resistance of a given primary cell using potentiometer. 6. To determine resistance of a galvanometer by using half deflection method and also find its figure of merit. 7. To convert the given galvanometer (of known resistance and figure of merit) into an ammeter and voltmeter of desired range and to verify the same. 8. To find the frequency of the a.c. mains with a Sonometer.
Activities: 1. To measure the resistance and impedance of an inductor with or without iron care. 2. To measure resistance voltage (AC/DC), current (AC) and check continuity of a given circular using multi meter. 3. To assemble a household circuit comprising three bulbs, three (on/off) switches, a fuse and a power source. 4. To study the variation in potential drop with length of a wire for a steady current. 5. To draw the diagram of a given open circuit comprising at least a battery, rheostat, key; ammeter and voltmeter. Make the components that are not connected in proper order and correct the circuit and also circuit and also circuit diagram. Section – B Experiment: 1. To find the focal length of a convex mirror, using a convex lens. 2. To find the local length of a concave lens using a convex lens. 3. To find the value of v for different values of u in case of a concave mirror and also to find its focal length. 4. To find the focal length of a convex lens by plotting a graph between u and v or between I/u and I/v. 5. To determine angle of minimum deviation (δm) for a given prism by plotting a graph between angle of incidence and angle of deviation (δm).
6. To determine refractive index of a glass slab using a traveling microscope. 7. To find refractive index of a liquid using I) concave mirror II).
Convex lens and plane mirror. 8. To draw the characteristics of a common-emitter npn or pnp transistor and to find out the values of current and voltage gains. 9. To draw the I-V characteristics curve of a p-n junction in forward bias and reverse bias. 10. To draw the characteristic curve of a zener diode and to determine its reverse breaks down voltage. Activities: 1. To study effect of intensity of light by varying distance of the source on an L.D.R. 2. To identify a diode, a LED, a transistor, and IC, a resistor and a capacitor from mixed collection of such items. 3. Use of multimeter to i) identify base of transistor ii).
Distinguish between npn and pnptransistors iii) see the unidirectional flow of current in case of a diode and an LED. iv) Check whether a given electronic component (e.g. diode, transistor or IC) is in working order. 4. To observe refraction and lateral deviation of a beam of light incident obliquely on a glass slab. 5. To observe polarization of light using two polariods. 6. To observe diffraction of light due to a thin slit.
7. To study the size and nature of the image formed by i) convex lens, ii) concave mirror, on a screen by using a candle and screen for different distances of the candle from the lens/ mirror. 8. To obtain a lens combination with the specified focal length by using two lenses from the given set of lenses.
Investigatory Projects: 1. To investigate whether the energy of a simple pendulum is conserved. 2. To determine the radius of gyration about the centre of mass of a scale used as a bar pendulum. 3. To investigate changes in the velocity of a body under the action of a constant fare and determine its acceleration. 4. To compare effectiveness of differences materials as absorbers of sound of heat. 5. To determine the wave length of laser beam by diffraction. 6. To study various factors on which the internal resistance emf of a cell depends. 7. To construct a time switch and study dependence of its time constant on various factors. 8. To study infrared radiations emitted by different sources using photo-transistor. 9. To compare effectiveness of different materials and insulator. 10 To design and automatic traffic signal system using suitable combination of logic gates. 11 To study luminosity of various electric lamps of different powers and make. 12 To compare the young’s modulus of Elasticity of different specimens of rubber and also draw their elastic hysterises curve. Book Suggested: Textbook of Physics for class XII published by NCERT New Delhi
CHEMISTRY Maximum Marks: 100
Theory: Marks 70 Practicals: Marks 30 Unit I Unit II Unit III Unit IV Unit V Unit VI Unit VII Unit VIII Unit IX Unit X Unit XI Unit XII Unit XIII Unit XIV Unit XV Unit XVI Time: 3 hour
Solid State Solutions Electrochemistry Chemical Kinetics Surface Chemistry General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements p-Block Elements d- and f- Block Elements Coordination Compounds Haloalkanes and Haloarenes Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids Organic Compounds containing Nitrogen Biomolecules Polymers Chemistry in Everyday Life
4 marks 5 marks 5 marks 5 marks 4 marks 3 marks 8 marks 5 marks 3 marks 4 marks 4 marks 6 marks 4 marks 4 marks 3 marks 3 marks
Unit-I: SOLID STATE Classification of solids based on different binding forces: molecular, ionic, covalent and metallic solids, amorphous solids and crystalline solids (elementary idea only), unit cell in two dimensional & three dimensional lattices, packing efficiency, calculation of density of unit cell, packing in solids, voids, number of atoms per unit cell in a cubic unit cell, point defects. Properties of solids (electrical, magnetic& dielectric), Band theory of metals, conductors, semiconductors and insulators and n & p type semiconductors. Unit-II: SOLUTIONS Types of solutions, expression of concentration of solutions of solids in liquids, solubility of gases in liquids, solid solutions, colligative properties: relative lowering of vapor pressure of a solution, Raoult’s law, elevation of boiling point, depression in freezing point temperature and osmotic pressure), determination of molecular masses using colligative properties. Abnormal molecular mass, van’t Hoff factor and calculations involving it.. Unit-III: ELECTROCHEMISTRY Redox reactions, conductance in electrolytic solutions, specific conductivity, molar conductivity, variation of conductivity with concentration, Kohlrausch’s law and its applications Electrolysis and laws of electrolysis (elementary idea), dry cell- electrolytic cells and galvanic cells; lead accumulator, emf of a cell, standard electrode potential, Nernst equation and its application to chemical cells, relation between Gibbs energy change and emf of a cell, fuel cells, corrosion Unit-IV: CHEMICAL KINETICS Rate of reaction (average and instantaneous rate of a reaction), factors affecting rate of reactions: (concentration, temperature, catalyst), rate law, specific rate constant and order molecularity of a reaction, integrated rate expression of zero and first order reactions and their
derivations, half life period. Concept of collision theory (elementary idea, no mathematical derivation), Activation energy, Arrhenious equation.
Unit-V: SURFACE CHEMISTRY Adsorption- physical and chemical adsorption, factors affecting adsorption of gases on solids; Catalysis: homogeneous and heterogeneous, activity& selectivity. Enzyme catalysis, Colloidal state: distinction between true solution, colloids and suspensions. Types of colloidslyophilic and lyophobic, multimolecular, macromolecular and associated colloids (micelles), properties of colloids: Tyndall effect, Brownian movement, Electrophoresis, Coagulation, Emulsions-types of emulsions. Elementary idea about nanomaterials. Unit-VI: GENERAL PRINCIPLES AND PROCESS OF ISOLATION OF ELEMENTS Principles and methods of extraction: concentration, oxidation, reduction, electrolytic method & refining; occurrence & principles of extraction of aluminium, copper, zinc and iron. Unit- VII: p-BLOCK ELEMENTS Group 15 Elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, oxidation states, trends in physical and chemical properties; nitrogen: preparation, properties & uses. Compounds of nitrogen: preparation & properties of ammonia and nitric acid, oxides of nitrogen (structure only), Phosphorus – allotropic forms; compounds of phosphorus: preparation & properties of phosphine, halides (PCl3, PCI5) and oxo- acids (elementary idea only).
Group 16 Elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, oxidation states, trends in physical and chemical properties; dioxygen: preparation, properties & uses. Classification of oxides; ozone. Sulphur- allotropic forms; compounds of sulphur: preparation, properties & uses of SO2 and Sulphuric acid: industrial process of manufacture, properties and uses, other oxides and oxoacids of sulphur (structures only Group 17 Elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, oxidation states, trends in physical and chemical properties; compounds of halogens-preparation, properties and uses of Chlorine and hydrochloric acid, interhalogen compounds, oxoacids of halogens (structures only) Group 18 Elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, trends in physical & chemical properties & Uses. Unit- VIII: d and f –BLOCK ELEMENTS General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence and characteristics of the transition metals, general trends in properties of first row transition metals (metallic character, IE, electrode potential, oxidation state, ionic radii, catalytic properties, colored ions, complex formation, magnetic properties, interstitial compounds, alloy formation).
Preparation and properties of K2 Cr2 O7 and KMnO4 Lanthanides: electronic configuration, oxidation state, chemical reactivity and lanthanide contraction and its consequences. Actinides- electronic configuration, oxidation states and comparison with lanthaniods. Unit- IX: CO-ORDINATION COMPOUNDS Co-ordination compounds: Introduction, ligands, co-ordination number, color, magnetic properties and shapes, IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear co-ordination compounds. Bonding (Werner’s theory, VBT and CFT); structural and stereoisomerisms, importance of coordination compounds in qualitative inclusion of analysis, extraction of metals and biological systems.
Unit-X: HALOALKANES AND HALOARENES Haloalkanes: Nomenclature, nature of C-X bond, physical & chemical properties, mechanism of substitution reactions. Stability of carbocations, R-S and d-l configurations. Haloarenes: Nature of C-X bond, substitution reactions (directive influence of halogens for monosubstituted compounds only), Stability of carbocations, R-S and d-l configurations Uses and environmental effects of– dichloromethane, trichloromethane, tetrachloromethane, iodoform, freon, and DDT. Unit- XI: ALCOHOLS, PHENOLS AND ETHERS Alcohols: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical & chemical properties (of primary alcohols only), identification of primary, secondary & tertiary alcohols; mechanism of dehydration of alcohols, uses, some important compounds – methanol and ethanol. Phenols: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical & chemical properties, acidic nature of phenol, electrophillic substitution reactions, uses of phenols. Ethers: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical & chemical properties and uses. UNIT- XII: ALDEHYDES, KETONES, CARBOXYLIC ACIDS Aldehydes and Ketones: Nomenclature, nature of carbonyl group, methods of preparation, physical & chemical properties & mechanism of nucleophilic addition reaction to C = O group, reactivity of alpha hydrogen in aldehydes, uses. Carboxylic Acids: Nomenclature, acidic nature, methods of preparation, physical & chemical properties and uses UNIT- XIII: ORGANIC COMPOUNDS CONTAINING NITROGEN Amines: Nomenclature, classification, structure, methods of preparation, physical & chemical properties, uses, identification of primary, secondary & tertiary amines. Cyanides and Isocyanides: Structures of cyanide and isocyanide groups, nomenclature, preparation, physical properties and chemical reactions. Diazonium Salts: Preparation and chemical reactions (mechanism of diazotization), and importance in synthetic organic chemistry. UNIT- XIV: BIOMOLECULES Carbohdrates: Classification (aldoses and ketoses), monosaccharides: Glucose, fructose: structure, preparation and chemical reactions; oligosaccharides (sucrose, lactose & maltose) Polysaccharides: (starch, cellulose and glycogen); importance. Proteins: Elementary idea of amino acids: peptide bond, polypeptides and primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary structure of proteins (Qualitative idea only).
denaturation of proteins; enzymes, lipids & harmones, their classification & functions. Nucleic Acids: DNA and RNA (purines and pyrimidines, nucleosides, nucleotides and fragments up to four nucleotides).
Vitamins: Classification and functions, sources and deficiency diseases.
UNIT- XIV: POLYMERS Natural & synthetic polymers, methods of polymerization (addition and condensation), co- polymerization, and some important polymers: natural and synthetic like polythene, nylon, Bakelite, polyesters and rubber. Biodegradable and non- biodegradable polymers. Unit- XVI: CHEMISTRY IN EVERYDAY LIFE i) Chemicals in medicine and health care- analgesics, tranquillizers, antiseptics, disinfectants, antimicrobials, anti fertility drugs, antihistamines, antibiotic antacids. ii) iii) PRACTICALS External: 20 Chemicals in food- preservatives, artificial sweetening agents. Cleansing agents – Soaps and detergents, cleansing action.
Evaluation Scheme for Practical Examination: – Volumetric analysis = – Salt Analysis = = – Content Based Experiment – class record, Project work and viva = A.
06 marks 06 marks 04 marks 04 marks Total = 20 marks
Surface Chemistry i) Preparation of one lyophilic and one lyophobic sol Lyophilic sol-starch, egg albumin and gum Lyophobic sol- aluminium hydroxide, ferric hydroxide, arsenious sulphide. ii) Study of the role of emulsifying agents in stabilizing the emulsion of different oils. Chemical Kinetics. i) Effect of concentration and temperature on the rate of reaction between sodium thiosulphate and hydrochloric acid.
ii) a) b)
Study of reaction rates of any one of the following: Reaction of iodide ions with hydrogen peroxide at room temperature using different concentration of iodide ions. Reaction between potassium iodate (KIO3) and sodium sulphite (Na2SO3) using starch solution as indicator (clok reaction).
THERMOCHEMISTRY Any one of the following experiments: Enthalpy of dissolution of CuSO4 or KNO3. i) Enthalpy of neutralization of strong acid (HCl) and strong base (NaOH).
ii) Determination of enthalpy change during interaction (Hydrogen bond iii) formation) between acetone & chloroform. ELECTRO CHEMISTRY
Variation of cell potential in Zn/Zn2+ // Cu2+/ Cu with change in concentration of electrolytes (CuSO4 or ZnSO4) at room temperature. 58
Separation of pigments from extracts of leaves and flowers by paper chromatography and determination of RF values. Separation of constituents present in an inorganic mixture containing two cations only (constituents having wide difference in RF values to be provided)
PRAPARATION OF INORGANIC COMPOUNDS
Preparation of double salt of ferrous ammonium sulphate or potash alum. Preparation of potassium ferric oxalate.
TEST FOR THE FUNCTIONAL GROUPS PRESENT IN ORANIC COMPOUNDS
Unsaturation, alcoholic, phenolic, aldehydic, ketonic, carboxylic and amino (primary) groups.
H. I. Study of carbohydrates, fats and proteins in pure form and detection of their presence in given foodstuffs. Determination of concentration/ molarity of KMnO4 solution by titrating it against a standard solution of:
i) oxalic acid ii) ferrous ammonium sulphate.
J. Qualitative Analysis Determination of one cation and one anion in a given salt (insoluble salts to be excluded): Cations: Pb2+, Cu2+, As3+, Al3+, Fe3+, Mn2+, Zn2+, Ni2+, Co2+, Ca2+, Sr2+, Ba2+, Mg2+, NH4+ Anions: CO3 2-, S 2 -, SO3 2 -, SO4 2 -, NO2 -, NO3 -, Cl-, Br-, I-, PO43-, C2O42-, CH3COOPROJECT WORK Wherever feasible may include Model Preparation 1) Investigatory Project 2) • To prepare rayon thread from filter paper by cupra ammonium process. • Determine the oxalate content of Guava fruits at different stages of ripening. • Study of insecticides and pesticides in various fruits and vegetables. • To determine the amount of casein present in different samples of milk from different sources. • Preparation of soyabean milk and its comparison with natural milk. • To determine the presence if adulterants in common foods such as sugar, butter, oil, red chilly paper, turmeric powder, rice. • Prevention of rusting of iron by using cathode protection method. 3) Science Exhibits. 4) Participation in Science Fairs Book Suggested: Textbook of Chemistry for class XII published by NCERT New Delhi
BIOLOGY Maximum Marks: 100
Theory: Marks 70 Practicals: Marks 30 Time: 3 hour
Section A (Zoology):
Unit I : i)
REPRODUCTION Marks 11 Asexual Reproduction: Uniparental, modes: binary fission, sporulation, budding, gemmule, fragmentation, regeneration. Human Reproduction- Male and female reproductive systems, Microscopic anatomy of testis & ovary; Gametogenesis (spermatogenesis & oogenesis. Menstrual cycle), Fertilization, embryo development upto blastocyst formation, implantation; Pregnancy and placenta formation (elementary idea), Parturition (elementary idea) and Lactation (elementary idea).
Reproductive Health: Need for reproductive health & prevention of Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD), Birth control- need & methods, Contraception and Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP), Amniocentesis, Infertility & assisted reproductive technologies: IVF, ZIFT, GIFT (Elementary idea for general awareness).
GENETICS AND EVOLUTION Marks 12 Sex determination in humans, birds and honeybee. Inheritance pattern of Hemophilia and Color blindness in human beings. Mendelian Disorders in humans: Chromosomal disorders in humans, Down’s syndrome, Turner’s & Klinefelter’s syndromes. Genome and Human Genome project. DNA fingerprinting. Origin of life: Theories& evidences with special reference to Darwin & Modern Synthetic theory of evolution, Hardy – Weinberg’s principal. Adaptive radiation. Origin and evolution of Man.
Biology and Human Welfare Marks 07 Health and Disease: Basic concepts of immunology, vaccines; pathogens, paracites causing human diseases (Typhoid, Hepatitis, Malaria, Filariasis, Ascariasis, Common Cold, Amoebiasis, Ring Worm); Cancer, HIV and AIDS. – Insects & human welfare: Silk, honey, lac. – Adolescence, drug & alcohol abuse. – Poultry, Dairy Farming Biotechnology and its Application Marks 05 i) Genetic Engineering (Recombinant DNA technology), cloning ii) Applications in Health: Human insulin & vaccine production, gene therapy Biosafety issues.
Section B (Botany)
Reproduction in Flowering Plants Marks:07 Asexual Reproduction: Vegetative propagation in plants, micropropagation. Sexual Reproduction: Flower structure, Development of male & female gametophytes. Pollination: types, agencies & examples, Out breeding devices. Pollen- Pistil interaction, Double fertilization, Post fertilization events, Development of endosperm, embryo, seed and fruit. Special modes: apomixis and polyembryony, significance of seed & fruit formation.
Unit-II: Genetics Marks 09 – Heredity and variation – Mendelian inheritance, Deviations from Mendelism: incomplete dominance, codominance, Multiple alleles, Pleiotropy, Chromosomal theory of inheritance, Elementary idea of polygenic inheritance, Chromosomes & genes, – Search for genetic material & DNA as genetic material: Structure of DNA & RNA, DNA packaging, DNA Replication (Semiconservative), Central dogma, Protein Biosynthesis: Transcription, translation, genetic code, Gene expression and regulation (lac-operon), Unit-III: Biology and Human welfare Marks: 07 – Plant breeding: Introduction, steps in plant breeding and application of plant breeding, and single cell protein, Biofortification. – Tissue culture: Cellular totipotency, technique and application of tissue culture – Microbes in Human Welfare: in household food processing, industrial production, sewage treatment, Production of energy (Biogas), biocontrol agent (Biopesticides) & Biofertilizers. – Genetically Modified organism- Bt crops – Biopiracy and patents. Unit- IV: Ecology and Environment Marks: 12
Meaning of ecology, environment, habitat and niche: Organisms and environment. Population and ecological adaptations: Population Interactions-mutualism, competition, predation, parasitism. Population attributes-growth, birth rate and death rate, age distribution. Ecosystems: Patterns, Components, energy flow, nutrient cycling (carbon and phosphorus), decomposition and productivity. Pyramids of number, biomass, energy. Ecological succession. Ecological Services: Carbon fixation, Pollination, Oxygen release. Biodiversity and its conservation: Threats to, and need for biodiversity conservation. Hotspots, endangered organisms, extinction, Red Data Book. Biodiversity conservationbiosphere reserves, national parks and sanctuaries. Environmental Issues: Air and water pollution and their control, solid waste management, agrochemicals and their effects, Radioactive waste management, Green house effect and global warming, Ozone depletion in stratosphere, Deforestation, Any three case studies as success stories addressing environmental issues.
External: 20 Botany based Practicals:
Time: 3 Hours Internal:10 15 Marks
i) Internal assessment: 05 marks ii) External assessment: 10 marks Zoology based Practicals: 15 Marks i) Internal assessment: 05 marks ii) External assessment: 10 marks
List of Experiments
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.
Study pollen germination on a slide. Collect and study soil from at least two different sites and study them for texture, moisture content, pH and water holding capacity of soil. Correlate with the kinds of plants found in them. Collect water from two different Water bodies around you and study them for pH, clarity and presence of any living organisms. Study the presence of suspended particulate matter in air at the two widely different sites. Study of plant population density by quadrat method. Study of plant population frequency by quadrat method. Prepare a temporary mount of onion root tip to study mitosis. To study the effect of the different temperatures and three different pH on the activity of salivary amylase on starch.
Study / observation of the following (Spotting) 1. Flowers adapted to pollination by different agencies (wind, insect) Pollen germination on stigma through a permanent slide. 2. Identification of stages of gamete development i.e. T.S. testis and T.S. ovary through 3. permanent slides. (from any mammal) Meiosis in onion bud cell or grasshopper testis through permanent slides. 4. T.S. of blastula through permanent slides. 5. Mendelian inheritance using seeds of different color / size of any plant. 6. Prepared pedigree charts of genetic traits such as rolling of tongue, blood groups, 7. widow’s peak, and color blindness. Exercise on controlled pollination-Emasculation, tagging and bagging. 8. Identification of common disease causing organisms like Ascaris, Entamoeba, 9. Plasmodium, ringworm through permanent slides or specimens. Comment on symptoms of diseases that they cause. Two plants and two animals found in xerophytic conditions. Comment upon their 10. morphological adaptations. Plants and animals found in aquatic conditions. Comment upon their morphological 11. adaptations. Book Prescribed: Textbook of Biology for class XII published by NCERT New Delhi
BIOTECHNOLOGY Maximum Marks: 100
Theory: Marks 70 Practicals: Marks 30 Time: 3 hours
Protein and Gene Manipulation
Unit I: Protein Structure and Engineering Introduction to the world of Proteins 3-D Shape of Proteins Structure Function relationship in Proteins Purification of Proteins Characterization of Proteins Protein based products Designing Proteins Proteomics Unit II: Recombinant DNA Technology Introduction Tools of rDNA Technology Making Recombinant DNA DNA Library Introduction of Recombinant DNA into host cells Identification of recombinants Polymerase Chains Reaction (PCR) DNA Probes Hybridization Techniques DNA Sequencing Site-directed mutagenesis Unit III: Genomics and Bioinformatics Introduction Genome Sequencing Projects Gene Prodiction and counting Genome similarity, SNP’s and comparative genomics Functional Genomics History of Bioinformatics Sequences and Nomenclature Information Sources Analysis using Bioinformatics tools. 15 Marks
Cell Culture Technology
Unit IV: Microbial Culture and Applications Introduction Microbial Culture Techniques Measurement and Kinetics of microbial Growth Scale up of microbial process Isolation of microbial products Strain isolation and Improvement Applications of microbial culture technology Bio safety of genetically modified microbes
Unit V: Plant Cell Culture and Applications Introduction Cell and Tissue Culture Techniques Applications of Cell and Tissue Culture Gene Transfer Methods in Plants Transgenic Plants with Beneficial Traits Diagnostics in Agriculture and Molecular Breeding Bio safety of genetically modified plants Unit VI: Animal Cell Culture and Applications Introduction Animal Cell Culture Techniques Characterisation of Cell Lines Scale-up of Animal Culture Process Applicationsof Animal Cell Culture Stem Cell Technology Bio safety of genetically modified animals
Time: 3 Hours Marks 30
Note: Every Student will be required to do the following experiments during the academic session. LIST OF EXPERIMENTS 1. Isolation of genomic DNA from bacteria/RBC. 2. Isolation of plasmid DNA from bacteria. 3. Analysis pf genomic or plasmid DNA using agarose gel electrophoresis. 4. Multiplication of any medicinal/aromatic plant through any tissue culture technique. 5. Data retrieval and data base search using Internet site NCBI. 6. Microscopic examination of growing mammalian cells. 7. Download a DNA and protein sequence from Internet, analyze and comment on it. 8. Production and estimation of ethanol from microbial culture. 9. Culturing bacteria (E.coli) under laboratory conditions. Project work. 10. a. Lab visits, sum up the list of equipments, facilities, conditions and their utilities. b. Interaction with a faculty/Ph D Scholar during visit and submit a report on the work that is being carried by the duo. c. Access the internet at www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov or www.googlescholar.com and download the articles from any of the discipline pertaining to syllabus and critically comment of the downloaded articles. d. Filed Visit to plant gene banks of IIIM(Jammu/Srinagar, or DRDO (Leh) or SKUAST-J/K or universities of J and K
SCHEME OF EVALUATION:
Internal assessment: 10 marks External examination: 20 marks
Internal Assessment: 10 marks A.
Project work: (i) Write up: (ii) Viva:
External Examination: 20 marks Time: 3 Hours The Scheme of evaluation at the end of the session will be as under: B. One experiment: Practical record: Viva on Practicals: Total RECOMMENDED BOOKS:
12 04 04 20
A textbook of BIOTECHNOLOGY for class XII published by J and K BOSE in collaboration with Foundation Books Pvt Limited New Delhi
MICROBIOLOGY Maximum Marks: 100
Theory : 70 Marks Practical: 15Marks Project : 15Marks Time: 03 hr
Unit I: Host Microbe Interaction Marks 11 Chapter I: Host- microbe relationship and disease process: mutualism, commensalisms and parasitism. Pathogen virulence, infection, pathogenecity and disease. Classification of diseases like infectious, non-infectious, congenital, communicable non-communicable, contagious and zoonotic. Chapter II: Epidemiology: Definition: Carrier state, Prevalence, Incidence of diseases, Case fatality, transmission of diseases by contact, water, food, soil and air. Sporadic, epidemic, endemic and pandemic. Unit II: Bacterial Genetics: Marks 12 Chapter III: Historical background, DNA structure, replication RNA types, plasmids and transposons, genetic code, protein synthesis (transcription, translation), lac operon, Mutation, recombination (conjugation, transduction and transformation).
Chapter IV: Gene cloning definition and steps. Vectors (plasmid, bacteriophage, cosmid) . Unit III: Immunology Marks 12 Chapter V: Introduction and history of Immunology. Immunity: specific and non specific, innate and acquired. Antigens and haptens and their characteristics. Antibody (polyclonal and monoclonal) . Chapter VI: Organs and cells of immune system. Humoral and cell mediated immunity. Structures and classes of immunoglobulin, Phagocytosis Complement system, Hypersensitivity, Vaccines, Interferons. Unit IV: Applied Microbiology Marks 20
Chapter VII: Environmental Microbiology Air: Microorganisms found in air. Methods of controlling microorganisms in air. Soil: Microorganisms in soil, Brief outline of bio- geochemical cycles (carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus and sulphur).
Water: Microflora of fresh water and marine environment, Water pollution, Presumptive coliform count. Bacteriological standards of safe drinking water. Sewage Treatment. Definition of biodegradation, bioremediation, biocontrol and biosafety. . ChapterVIII: Food Microbiology Microorganisms commonly found in food and food products, Food poisoning, Prevention of food borne diseases, Pasteurization of milk. Definition of fermentation. Unit V: Diseases: Marks 15
Definition, Etiology, transmission, Pathogenesis, diagnosis and. control of Human diseases (AIDS and tuberculosis), Animal diseases (Rabies and Brucellosis) and Plants diseases (Apple scab and Rice blast).
Practical 1. Sterilization by autoclave and hot air oven 2. Media preparation: Nutrient broth and agar 3. Demonstration of motility by hanging drop method. 4. Demonstration of colony characteristics 5. Lactophenol cotton blue staining of fungi. 6. Visit to govt. institutions (microbiology laboratories) for demonstration and working of refrigerator, deep freeze, bacteriological loop, ELISA reader, thermal cycler, fermenter etc. 7. Project work with ten page write up on any one : like collection and transport of clinical sample, serum separation, sample preservation, antibiotic sensitivity test.
TRAVEL, TOURISM AND HOTEL MANAGEMENT
Max Marks : 100 Part A: TRAVEL & TOURISM MANAGEMENT (ADVANCED) Unit I Time : 03 Hours
Travel Agency & Tour Operator – Definition & Differentiation, Origin, History & Development, Types of Travel Agency – Group, Retail, Outbound, Inbound & Marks 10 Independent Tour Operations. Functions of Travel & Tour Operations: Ticketing, Reservations, Itinerary preparation, Tour packaging – Concept, Organisations & Agencies in Tour Marks 10 packaging, Various Types of Tour packages. Significance of Linkages, Networking & Coordination in travel trade, Coordination with Accommodation & Transport Sector, Public sector tourism organizations, Shopping enterprises, Various Concessions, Discounts & other Incentives offered by Hospitality, Transportation & other sectors of tourism to Marks 10 Travel agents & Tour operators. Concept of Carrying Capacity, Meaning and Concept of Tourism Impacts, Types of Impacts; Physical, Socio-cultural, Economic, Tourism Organizations: PATA and IATA, MAP WORK: Location of important Tourist Destinations of J & K in Marks 10 the tourist map. Introduction and Concept of Marketing, Approaches to marketing, components Marks 10 of marketing -mix with special reference to tourism.
Part B: HOTEL MANAGEMENT (ADVANCED)
Unit I FRONT OFFICE Marks 10
Front Office operations, Organization Chart, Staffing, Scheduling, Work Shifts, Job Specifications and Job Descriptions of Front Office Personnel.
Unit II HOUSE KEEPING Marks 10
Meaning and Definition of House keeping, Importance of House keeping, Responsibility of House keeping Department, a Career in House keeping Department.
Unit III FOOD AND BEVERAGE Marks 14
Introduction to Food & Beverage Industry, Types of Catering Establishments, intRoduction to Food and Beverage Operations, F& B service areas in a Hotel, Restaurant, Coffee Shops, Room service, Bars, Banquet, Discotheques, Still rooms, Grill room, Snack bar, Executive Lounges, Business Centres and Night Clubs
Unit IV COMMUNICATION SKILLS Marks 10
Verbal and Non -verbal, Telecommunication Skills ;Telephonic situations/ Queries Handlings, e- Telecommunication. 68
Unit V ACCOUNTING
Journal, Ledger and Cash book, Trading account, Profit & Loss Account and Balance sheet.
1. Travel Agency & Tour Operations: Concepts and Principles – Jagmohan Negi. 2. Tourism Development and its Impacts- S P Bansal, Sai Printographer, New Delhi 3. Tourism and Travel Concepts and Principles-Jagmohan Negi. 4. Front office training manual by Sudhir Andrews, Tata McGraw Hills
Maximum Marks: 100
Theory: Marks 70 Practicals: Marks 30 Unit-I : Time: 3 hours 07 marks
Mammalian Hormones Derived from lipids
General introduction to hormones, Physiological and Biochemical role of Steroidal hormones: Cortisol, Cortisone, Aldrosterone, Testosterone, Progesterone and Cholecalciferol; Eicosanoids: Prostaglandins, Thromboxanes and Leucotrienes.
Unit-II: Hormones derived from aminoacids, Peptides and Proteins 07 marks
Physiological and biochemical role of: Thyroxine (T4 and T3), adrenalin and noradrenalin, Vasopressin, ACTH, Angiotensin and Erythropoietin, Insulin, Glucagon, growth hormone, parathormone, and calcitonin.
Unit-III: Enzymes 07 marks
Introduction to a biochemical reaction. Cofactors and coenzymes. Nature and classification of enzymes, giving at least two examples in each group. Enzyme assay, unit of activity. Factors affecting enzyme activity, e.g. effect of substrate, pH, temp., activators and inhibitors. Michaelis-Menten Equation and Significance of Km.
Unit-IV: Lipid Metabolism 07 marks
Action of lipases, activation and transport of fatty acids, β-oxidation, ketosis. Malonyl SCOA formation and Biosynthesis of fatty acids. Brief account of cholesterol biogenesis and arterosclerosis.
Unit-V : Nucleic acid metabolism 07 marks Biosynthetic pathways for purines and pyrimidine-nucleotides. Salvage pathways. Hyper- uricemia gout and Lesch-Nyhan syndrome. Synthesis of deoxyribo nucleoside diphosphates and triphosphates. : Carbohydrate Metabolism – Part I 07 marks
Interconversion of hexoses (Fructose, Galactose, Mannose).
Aerobic and anaerobic glycolysis; Aspartate–Malate and α-glycero phosphate Shuttle pathways. Hexose monophosphate/Pentose Phosphate Reductive Pathway. Glucuronic acid pathway. Glycogenesis/starch synthesis and glycogenolysis.
Unit-VII: Carbohydrate Metabolism – Part II 07 marks
Citric acid / Tri carboxylic acid cycle and its amphibolic role. Electron Transport Chain and bioenergetics. Gluconeogenesis and photosynthesis : (C3, C4 and CAM pathways).
Unit-VIII: Metabolism of amino acids 07 marks
Deamination, transamination and decarboxylation. Metabolism of amino acids with special reference to metabolic/genetic disoders related to: phenyl ketonuria,
alkaptonuria, albinism/tyrosinosis; Maple Syrup urine disease; Homo-cystinuria, Pentosuria.Urea Cycle.
DNA replication and Transcription
DNA polymerases and their specific functions. DNA replication; leading and lagging strands. Okazaki fragments. Transcription : Initiation, DNA-dependent RNA polymerase, pocessing of hnRNA in eukaryotes and concept of ribozymes, introns and exons. Post-transcriptional modifications including capping and tailing of m-RNA in eukaryotes Drugs inhibiting transcription.
Unit-X : Translation / protein biosynthesis 07 marks History of Codon concept; Redundancy of codons, wobble hypothesis, point mutations and silent mutation. Translation : activation of amino acids, formation of amino-acyl tRNAs, initiation, elongation and termination. Factors involved in transcriptional process. Drugs inhibiting translation. LABORATORY COURSE 30 marks
– – – – – –
Introduction to infectious diseases and handling of Biological samples. Collection of Urine and Blood samples asceptically. Qualitative analysis of human urine sample. Centrifugation : Basic principles and separation of plasma/sera. Colorimetrery : Beer Lambert Law, use of electricity/battery-operated Colorimeter Quntitation of blood/ Serum/plasma : – Glucose (o-toluidine method) – Glucose urea (Diacetylmonooxime method) – Cholesterol (Zak Method) – Total Bilirubin (Diazotization method).
Project work : Restrict to local area, selected families, for : – Urine analysis for : microscopic exam, albumin and Sugar : – Serum glucose – Serum Cholesterol – Serum Bilirubin
ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE Maximum Marks: 100
Theory: Marks 70 Practicals: Marks 30 Time: 3 hours
The subject deals with the interdependence of living things within their environment and provides an insight into the orderly interplay of the factors influencing environmental change. The impact of human demands on renewable and non-renewable resources, and the limited availability of these resources in nature, have been linked to correlate with patterns of human behavior necessary to evolve a sustainable environmental paradigm.
“Environment education should simultaneously attempt to create awareness, transmit information, teach knowledge, develop habits and skills, promote values, provide criteria and standards and present guidelines for problem solving and decision-making. It, therefore, aims at both cognitive and affective behavior modifications. The latter necessitates both classroom and field activities. This is as action-oriented, project centered and participatory process leading to self-confidence, positive attitudes and personal commitment to environment protection. Furthermore, the process should be implemented through an interdisciplinary approach.” 1. To acquire knowledge of the origin and functioning of the nature system and its correlation with the living world. 2. To develop an understanding that human beings, plants and animals are part of a natural phenomenon and are interdependent. 3. To appreciate the influence of human activity on the natural processes. 4. To develop awareness of the need and responsibility to keep the natural system in a condition that sustains life. 5. To develop sensitivity in personal attitudes to environmental issues. 6. To develop an understanding of how local environments contribute to the global environment. 7. To develop sense of responsibility and concern for the welfare of the environment and all life forms which share this planet? 8. To develop a sound basis for further study, personal development and participation in local and global environmental concerns.
1. Action on the Atmosphere: 10 marks
Control of atmospheric Pollution: methods; costing urgency, legislation; role of government (local and national); responsibility of industry; role of environmental organization. Dilemma of Developing countries: development/ pollution equation; lack of economic capacity to deal with atmospheric pollution; role of multinationals. Satellite imagery as a mean of monitoring the global environment. Moving towards urgent international action and changing attitudes to deal with the causes and consequence of the damage of the ozone layer.
(b) (c) (d)
2. Population and Conservation of Ecology
Population dynamics: factors causing population change (birth between immigration and emigration); relation between the factor; age structure and its significance; population pyramids; survivorship curves; three general shapes r and K strategies. Human populations (Malthusian model and demographic transition).
Population regulation: growth without regulation (exponential); simple population regulation (logistic growth curve); factors regulating population size (space, food and water, territories, predators, weather and climate, parasite and diseases, disasters and self-regulation).
Human population control: family planning; education; economic growth; status of women. Threats to the ecosystem: habitat destruction; genetic erosion; loss of diversity; expanding agriculture; impound water; waste from human societies; increasing human consumption. Conservation: importance; the critical state of Indian forests; conflicts surrounding forested areas- populations and trebles and their rights -tourism -poaching – roads development projects – dams; scientific forestry and its limitations; social forestry; the role of the forest department; NGOs; joint forestry management; wild life sanctuaries, conservation and management in India; Project Tiger as a case study in conservation.
3. Planning for Environmental Conservation and Protection
Ecosystem analysis: understanding complex systems; critical and state variables as system indicator; indicators of inter-relationships; successions and systems resilience; predicting and assessing system responses to impacts and their interventions; rapid appraisal methods. Human environment interaction: quality of life vs. quality of environment; environmental issues and problems; role of belief and value; analyzing brief statement for underlying values; issues analysis – separating symptoms from problems; identifying the players and their positions; understanding interacting problems and identifying critical control points; problems analysis; identifying variables (human behaviors, values, ecological, etc); determining the relationships between variables; formulating questions for research; planning research; generating problems, solution, briefs and specifications. Evaluation and assessment of impacts: approaches and techniques of environment and social impact assessment; environment impact assessment as a planning tool and a decision making instrument; interpreting environment impact assessments.
4. Technology and Environment
Technological evolution and models: hi-tech; low-tech; intermediate; appropriate; traditional; interaction between technology, resources environment and development; energy as a binding factor; the need for reorienting technology. Renewable energy: limitations of conventional sources; sources of renewable energy and their features (solar, wind, biomass, micro-hydel and muscle power) Health: incidents of disease as an indicator of the health of the environment; prevention of diseases by better nutrition, sanitation, access to clean water, etc.; 73
communicable and non-communicable diseases; techniques of low cost sanitation; policy and organization to provide access to basic health service for all; the role of traditional and local systems of medicine. (d) Biotechnology: potential; limitations.
Disruption of nutrient cycles and habitats: atmospheric pollution; human activities that change the composition of the atmosphere; connection between pollution and development; local and global effects (greenhouse effect, ozone depletion) and their impact on human life; burning of fossil fuel products- effect on ecosystem and human health. Pollution control approaches-prevention and control: as applied to fossil fuel burning; the role of PCBs ; industrial pollution control-principles- devices-costs- policy incentives; combating global warming; third world interest; impact on economic growth. The international political dimensions; third world interest; impact don economic growth. Water pollution: Water cycle; pollution of surface water, ground water, ocean water; industrial pollution and its effects; domestic sewage and its treatment – techniques and appropriate technology; marine ecosystem protection and coastal zone management; soil pollution- source – effects.
6. Legal Regimes for Sustainable Development
National legislative frameworks for environment protection and conservation; survey of constitutional provisions (including directive principles); national laws; state laws of India. International legal regimes: on trade and environment (GATT, WTO, IPR, TNC’ regional arrangement and preferential trade arrangements); on climate; on common resources (forests, bio-diversities, oceans and space); international institutions (UNEP, UNCTAD, WHO, UNDP, etc,); international initiatives (Earth Summit, Agenda 21).
Course Work / Project Work
Marks: 30 Suggested Assignments
The practical/project work carrying 30 marks has to be undertaken under the guidance of the teacher and to be evaluated as a part of the Internal Assessment. The project work could take one of the following forms: 1. Address a current environmental problem (preferably at local or regional scale) and should include problem identification and analysis, use of secondary data as well as some collection primary data, design of solution, documentation of the entire process in the form of a solution proposal or make a field study of the effect of human interaction on the natural environment and write a project report (1500 worlds) on the likely impact of the interaction on the global environment.. 2. Design and conduct an environment impact assessment. The candidates may use secondary data, demonstrate their capacity to collect and analysis primary data by incorporating some primary data collected and use it in a few sectors of their work or prepare an original study/essay (2000 words) on an area of the prescribed curriculum 74
that is indicative of his/her appreciation/concern for environmental issues and make a functional model to support the above. 3. Systematic monitoring of an aspect of the local environment over a period of a least six months. The candidate must use quantitative techniques of monitoring, sampling scientifically. The data collection must be interpreted and presented in the form of a project report (1500 worlds).
4. Conduct a study on the density and population of plants growing in a particular area using the quadral method and prepare a report. 5. Make a field study of the effect of human interaction on the natural environment and write a project report (1500 worlds) on the likely impact of the interaction on the global environment. 6. Prepare an original study/essay (2000 words) on an area of the prescribed curriculum that is indicative of his/her appreciation/concern for environmental issues and make a functional model to support the above.
A textbook of Environmental Science for class XII published by J and K BOSE in collaboration with Foundation Books Pvt Limited New Delhi
Max.Marks.100 Theory: 60 Marks Practical: 40 Marks THEORY Unit 1. PHYSICAL FITNESS • Meaning and importance of Physical fitness. • Components and types of Physical fitness. • Factors effecting physical fitness. 05 Marks Time: 2. 30 hrs
Unit II. TRAINING METHODS: 10 Marks • Meaning and concept of training. • Methods of training: Isometric and Iso- kinetic Exercise, Continuous Method, Interval Training and Fertlek, Circuit training, Acceleration Runs and Pace Races. Unit III. SOCIOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION 10 Marks • Meaning of Sociology and its Importance in Physical Education and Sports. • Games and Sports as man’s cultural heritage. • Development of leadership qualities and group dynamics through physical Education. • Value Education through physical Education programmes. Unit IV. MORAL EDUCATION 05 Marks • Need and Importance of Moral Education. • Moral Education through Physical Education. Unit V. SPORTS AND ENVIRONMENT 10 Marks • Concept of environment. • Need of environment in physical Education programme. • Role of individual in improvement of environment for health promotion and prevention of sports related accidents. Unit VI .YOGA 05 Marks • Meaning and importance of yoga. • Yoga and Indian heritage. • Elements of yoga. Unit VII. CONCEPT OF MAJOR GAMES/SPORTS: 10 Marks • Cricket, Athletics, Basketball and table tennis. • History of games (Above Games) • Rules, measurement of the field/court. (Above Games) Unit VIII. SPORTS MEDICINE FIRST AID REHABILITATION 05 Marks • Meaning and Importance of Sports Medicine. • Doping.(meaning, and drugs for doping • First Aid and Rehabilitation of the following sports injuries: • Acute injuries: such as dehydration, heat stroke, and exercise-induced asthma. • Chronic injuries: such as aches and pain of unknown origin, tendinitis (swelling in the tendons), and stress fractures (hairline fractures of the bone due to overuse).
PRACTICAL: Internal assessment: 10 Marks
Internal assessment shall comprise Games/ sports (kho-kho, badminton, shot put) and Project work. The break up of the marks is as under; 1. Games / sports (kho-kho, badminton, shot put).
05 Marks 05 Marks
External assessment shall comprise skill test of Games/ sports (any game/ sport of student’s choice) and Record file (the students shall maintain the practical file by drawing the field/ court with measurement and rules of the games/ sports mentioned in chapter 3 paper B . The break up of the marks is as under; 1. Skill test of Games/ sports.(students choice game) 2. Record file. 3. Vivo voce. 20 Marks 05 Marks 05 Marks
Max. Marks: 100 Marks I. II III IV V VI VII VIII IX X Unit I: Trisharanagamana (Refuge to Three Jewels) Panchashila Karma and Re-birth Post Gautama Buddha Preceptors Buddhism and Modern World Introduction to Sacred Books of Buddhism Introduction to Sadalankara (Six Acharyas of Buddhism Bodhichitta Paramita Introduction to the Buddhist Art and Architecture Trisharanagamana (i) Definition of Taking Refuge Cause for Taking Refuge (ii) Literal Meaning of Jewel (iii) Precepts Concerning Taking Refuge (iv) Benefits of Taking Refuge (v) Panchashila Classification of Panchashila (I) Explanation of Panchashila (II) Karma and Rebirth Definition of Karma (i) Classification of Karma (ii) Concept of Re-berth (iii) Post Gautama Buddha Preceptors (i) Mahakashyapa Ananda (ii) (iii) Upagupta Shvenavastra (iv) (v) Dhidhika Krishna (vi) Sudarshana (vii) Buddhism and Modern World (i) Buddhism and World Peace (ii) Buddhism and Science (iii) Buddhism and Ecology Introduction to Sacred Books of Buddhism (i) Tripitaka Kangyur (ii) Stangyur (iii) Time Allowed: 03 hours Marks 10 Marks 10 Marks 10 Marks 10 Marks 10 Marks 10 Marks 10 Marks 10 Marks 10 Marks 10
Introduction to Sadalankara (Six Acharyas of Buddhism) (i) Nagarjuna Asanga (ii) Vasubandhu (iii) Aryadeva (iv) Dinnaga (v) (vi) Dharmakirti Bodhichitta (i) Definition of Bodhichitta (ii) Classification of Bodhichitta Cultivating of Bodhichitta (iv) Benefits of Bodhichitta (v) Paramita (i) Definition of Paramita (ii) Classification of Paramita (iii) Practice of Paramita Benefits of Paramita (iv) (v) Introduction to the Buddhist Art and Architecture
(i) (ii) (iii) .
The Buddhist Art and Architecture of Kashmir The Buddhist Art and Architecture of Jammu The Buddhist Art and Architecture of Ladakh
Max. Marks : 100 Theory: 70 Practicals: 30 Unit I: Unit II Unit III Unit IV Unit V Unit VI GEODYNAMICS GENERAL GEOLOGY PALAEONTOLOGY MINERALOGY ECONOMIC GEOLOGY STRUCTURAL GEOLOGY
Time : 03 Hrs
Marks 12 Marks12
Marks 10 Marks14 Marks 11
Unit I: (A)
GEODYNAMICS Volcanoes (i) Definition. (ii) Parts of a volcano. (iii) Types of volcanoes. (iv) Products of volcanoes/ volcanic activity. (v) Distribution of volcanoes in the World. Earthquakes: (i) Definition. (ii) Causes and effects of earthquakes. (iii) Focus and Epicentre. (iv) Seismic waves. (v) Richter scale of earthquake intensity. (vi) Seismograph and seismograms. (vii) Seismic belts of the World. GENERAL GEOLOGY Elementary study of the interior of the Earth. Age of the Earth. (i) Methods based on rate of sedimentation and rate of increase of salinity of sea water. (ii) Radioactive methods, Uranium – lead ratio method and C14 method. PALAEONTOLOGY Morphological description of the following: (i) Brachiopoda. (ii) Bivalvia (Lamelibranchia).
(iii) Trilobita. Systematic position, Stratigraphical range and morphological features of the following genera:Spirifer, Productus, Syringothyris, Cardita. Trigonia, Pecten, Calymene, Paradoxides, Agnostus.
Unit II A. B.
Unit III A.
Unit IV A.
MINERALOGY The chemical composition, Physical Properties, mode of occurrence and uses of the following groups of minerals: (i) Pyroxene group. (ii) Amphibole group. (iii) Feldspar group. ECONOMIC GEOLOGY Physical characters, chemical composition, and distribution of ores of Copper, Iron, and Aluminium in India, Distribution of coal and petroleum in India. Mineral wealth of J&K State. STRUCTURAL GEOLOGY Folds i. Definition of Fold. ii. Description of the following types of folds: Anti-Clinorium, Synclinorium, Symmetrical fold, Asymmetrical fold, Over turned fold, Dome and Basin. iii. Criteria of recognition of folds in the field Fault i. Definition of fault. Description of the following types of faults: Normal fault, ii. Reverse fault, Step fault, Horst and Graben, Thrust fault and strike slip fault. Unconformity (i) Definition of unconformity. (ii) Types and importance of unconformities.
(i) (ii) (iii)
Unit VI A.
PRACTICALS Max. Marks: 30 Time : 3 hrs. Internal Assessment: 10 External Examination : 20 1. The systematic position, stratigraphic range and description (with suitable sketches) of the following genera:
Spirifer, Products, Syringothyris, Cardita, Trigonia, Pecten, Calymene, Agnostus, Paradoxides. 2. Megascopic description and identification of the following minerals. Enstatite, Hypersthene, Hornblende, Orthoclase, Hematite, Chalcopyrite, Malachite, Pyrolusite, Bauxite, Iron pyrite, Sphalerite, Galena, Quartz, Muscovite, Biotite, Magnetite, Magnesite, Beryl, Tourmaline, Olivine. Drawing of a section of a simple geological map. Field work and viva-voce: Field work compulsory for at least fifteen days.
Physical Geology by A. K. Dutta. 81
2. 3. 4. 5. 6.
A textbook of Geology by P. K. Mukerjee. A textbook of Geology by S. K. Chadda. Structural Geology by Streff. Ruttleys Elements of Mineralogy By H.H. Reed. Invertebrate Palaeontology by Henry Wood.
Total Marks : 100 Theory : 70 marks Practicals : 30 marks
Internal Assessment: 10 marks External Exam : 20 marks
Time: 3 Hours
I. MEASURMENT & PMMC MOVEMENT II. INSTRUMENTS & TRANSDUCERS III. COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS IV. NUMBER SYSTEM & LOGIC GATES V. COMBINATIONAL LOGIC CIRCUITS VI. FUNDAMENTALS OF COMPUTER
08 08 20 15 11 08
I. MEASERMENT & PMMC MOVEMENT
Measurements, significance of measurement, accuracy, precision, sensitivity, resolution. Errors & its types, Methods of measurement. D’ Arsonval movement, construction and working of PMMC galvanometer, conversion of PMMC to voltmeter, ammeters, multirange ammeters and voltmeters.
II. INSTRUMENTS & TRANSDUCERS
Cathode ray tube (CRO) electron gun, electrostatic focusing, electrostatic Deflection (Qualitative treatment), Deflection plates, CRT screens block diagram of CRO. Transducers: classification of transducers, types of transducers, transducers selection, strain gauge, and gauge factor, LVDT, temperature measurement – resistance thermometer and thermocouple.
III. COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS
Modulation- Need for modulation, type of modulation, amplitude modulation, modulation index. Analysis of AM waves, Side Band frequency, band width of am wave, power in AM Wave, square law modulator De-modulation- De-modulation of AM wave using envelope detector. Limitation of AM. Frequency modulation-mathematical representation of FM wave, advantage of FM over AM, Concept of digital modulation- sampling theorem, types of digital modulation- PAM, PWM, PPM, PCM. Radio broadcasting, block diagram of Radio receiver/transmitter, Introduction to supper heterodyne radio receiver. Introduction to scanning, bandwidth of TV signal, Modulation 83
methods used for audio and video transmission. Introduction to picture tube in a TV receiver (CRT).
IV. NUMBER SYSTEM & LOGIC GATES
Number system-decimal, binary, octal, hexadecimal. Inter conversion of various number systems. Binary addition, subtraction, multiplication and division, 2’s complement of a number. Boolean algebra and de-Morgan’s theorem logic gates: OR, AND, NOT gates (diode logic), truth table. NAND, NOR, EX-OR gates, realization of logic function using AOI and NAND/NOR universal gates.
V. COMBINATIONAL LOGIC CIRCUITS
Half adder, full adder, half subtractor and full subtractor, Comparator, Multiplexer, Demultiplexer, Encoder, Decoder, Parity checker and Generator.
VI. FUNDAMENTALS OF COMPUTER
Classifications of computers on the basis of type, data processing and memory size. Software, hardware, firmware. Block diagram of computer –ALU, CPU. Memory and I/O devices. Memory : semiconductor memory, RAM, ROM, PROM, EPROM, EEPROM, Volatile and non volatile memories. magnetic memory – floppy disk, hard disk, CDROM, Application of computer.
Recommended/suggested books 1. Principle of electronics by V.K. Metha and R.Metha, S. Chand, Delhi-55 2. Basic electronics for tomorrow’s world by Len Jones (Cambridge University Press)
PRACTICALS Marks: 30 Section I Time: 3 hours
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.
To study amplitude modulation, trace wave form and calculate modulation index. To study frequency modulation and trace the wave form. To study amplitude demodulation/detection. To construct a voltmeter using a galvanometer. To construct an ammeter using a galvanometer. To study operation of loud speaker. To study operation of microphone. To extend the range of a voltmeter. To extend the range of an ammeter.
1. 2. 3. 4.
To study the diode logic OR –gate. To study the diode logic AND –gate. To study transistor as an inverter. To study OR gate using IC-7432. 84
5. To study AND gate using IC 7408. 6. To study NOT gate using IC 7404. 7. To study NAND gate. 8. To study NOR gate. 9. To study EX-OR gate. 10. To study half adder. 11. To study full adder. 12. To study half subtractor. 13. To study parity checker/generator. 14. To study NAND gate as universal gate. 15. To study NOR gate as universal gate. Note: – Minimum 15 practicals 5 from Section-I and 10 from Section-II have to be performed.
BUSINESS STUDIES Max Marks: 100 Time: 03 hours
Part A: Principals and Functions of Management
Unit I: Nature and Significance of Management Marks 07 • Management – concept, objectives, importance • Management as Science, Art, Profession. • Levels of management • Management functions – planning, organizing, staffing, directing and controlling • Coordination – characteristics and importance Unit 2: Principles of Management • Principles of Management – concept, nature and significance • Fayol’s principles of management • Taylor’s Scientific Management – principles and techniques Marks 07
Unit 3: Management and Business Environment Marks 05 • Business Environment – importance • Dimensions of Business Environment – Economic, Social, Technological, Political and Legal • Economic Environment in India; Impact of Government policy changes on business and industry, with special reference to adoption of the policies of liberalization, privatization and globalisation. Unit 4: Planning Marks 07 • Concept, features, importance, limitations • Planning process • Types of Plans – Objectives, Strategy, Policy, Procedure, Method, Rule, Budget, programme. Unit 5: Organising • Concept and importance. • Steps in the process of organizing. • Structure of organization – functional and divisional. • Formal and informal organization. • Delegation: concept, elements and importance. • Decentralization: concept and importance. • Difference between delegation and Decentralization Unit 6: Staffing • Concept and importance of staffing • Staffing as a part of Human Resource Management • Staffing process • Recruitment – meaning and sources • Selection – process • Training and Development – Concept and importance. Methods of training Marks 10
Unit 7: Directing Marks 10 • Concept and importance • Elements of Directing – Supervision – concept and role – Motivation – concept, Maslow’s hierarchy of needs; Financial and non-financial incentives. – Leadership – concept; qualities of a good leader – Communication – concept, formal and informal communication; barriers to effective communication. Unit 8: Controlling Marks 06 • Concept and importance • Relationship between planning and controlling • Steps in the process of control • Techniques of controlling : budgetary control,
Part B : Business Finance and Marketing
Unit 9: Business Finance Marks 12 • Concept, importance, objectives of Business finance • Financial decisions : factors affecting • Financial planning – concept and importance. • Capital Structure – concept and factors affecting • Fixed and Working Capital – concept and factors affecting its requirements. • Difference between Capital Market and Money Market. Unit 10: Financial Markets • Concept of Financial Market: Money Market and its instruments. • Capital market and types – primary and secondary market. • Stock Exchange – functions, Trading Procedure, NSEl, OCTEI. • Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI)- Objectives and Functions. Marks 08
Unit 11: Marketing Management Marks 14 • Marketing – meaning, functions and role, marketing and selling • Marketing mix – elements – Product – nature, classification, branding, labeling and packaging – Price – Factors determining fixation of price – Physical distribution: Elements; Channels of distribution: types, function, choice of channels – Promotion -Elements of promotion mix; Advertising – role, limitations, objections against advertising. Personal selling – concept, importance; Sales promotion – merits, limitations, methods ; Publicity – concept and role. Unit 12: Consumer Protection Marks 06 • Importance of consumer protection • Consumer rights • Consumer responsibilities • Ways and means of consumer protection – Consumer awareness and legal redressal with reference to Consumer Protection Act. • Role of consumer organizations and NGOs. Suggested textbooks: 1. Business Studies published by NCERT New Delhi
Max Marks: 100 Time: 03 hours
Theory: 80 Marks Project work: Marks 20 Part A: Accounting for not for Profit Organizations, Partnership Firms and Companies 1. Accounting for not for profit organizations. Marks 10 Marks 05 2. Accounting for Partnership Firms Marks 20 3. Reconstitution of Partnership Marks 25 4. Accounting for Share Capital and Debenture Part B: Financial Statement Analysis 5. Analysis of Financial Statements 6. Cash Flow Statement 7. Project Work Unit 1 : Project File 4 marks Unit 2 : Written Test 12 marks (one hour) Unit 3 : Viva Voce’ 4 marks Marks 12 Marks 08 Marks 20
Part C: Computerized Accounting 5. Overview of Computerized Accounting System 6. Accounting using Database management system (DBMS) 7. Accounting Applications of Electronic Spread sheet 8. Practical Work in Computerized Accounting Unit 1: File 4 marks Unit 2: Practical Examination 12 marks (one hours) Unit 3: Viva Voce’ 4 marks Marks 05 Marks 08 Marks 07 Marks 20
Part A: Accounting for Not-For-Profit Organizations, Partnership Firms and Companies.
Unit 1: Accounting for Not-for-profit Organizations • Meaning and features of not for profit organizations. • Meaning and features of fund based accounting. • Receipts and payments Account • Preparation of Income and Expenditure Account and Balance Sheet from Receipt and payment Account with additional information. Unit 2: Accounting for Partnership firms • Nature of Partnership firm, Partnership Deed-meaning, importance. • Partners’ Capital Accounts: Fixed vs Fluctuating Capital, Division of Profit among partners, Profit and Loss Appropriation Account including past adjustments. Unit 3: Reconstitution of Partnership Changes in Profit Sharing Ratio among the existing partners-Sacrificing Ratio and Gaining Ratio. • Accounting for Revaluation of Assets and Liabilities and distribution of reserves (Accumulated Profits).
• Goodwill: Nature, Factors affecting and methods of valuation: Average profit, Super profit and Capitalization methods.
Admission of a Partner: Effect of Admission of Partner, Change in Profit Sharing Ratio, Accounting Treatment for Goodwill (as per AS 10), Revaluation of Assets and Liabilities, Adjustment of Capitals. • Retirement/Death of a Partner: Change in Profit Sharing ratio, accounting treatment of Goodwill, Revaluation of Assets and Liabilities, Adjustment of Capitals. Dissolution of a partnership firm. (excluding Garner Vs Murrey and Peace Meal System).
Unit 4: Accounting for Share Capital and Debenture • Share Capital: Meaning and Types. • Accounting for share capital: Issue and Allotment of Equity and Preference Shares; public subscription of shares : over subscription and under subscription; issue at par, premium and at discount; calls in advance, calls in arrears, issue of shares for consideration other than cash. Meaning of Private placement of shares and employee stock option plan. • Forfeiture of shares: accounting treatment, re-issue of forfeited shares. • Presentation of Share Capital in company’s Balance Sheet. • Issue of debentures at par; Premium and at discount; writing of discount and loss on issue of debentures; Issue of debentures as collatoral security; issue of debentures for consideration other than cash. • Redemption of debentures; sources : out of profits – debenture redemption reserve; out of capital-methods : lump sum payment, draw by lots, purchase in the open market and conversion (excluding cum-interest and ex-interest).
Part B: Financial Statement Analysis
Unit 5: Analysis of Financial Statements • Financial Statements of a Company: preparation of simple balance sheet of a company in the prescribed form with major headings only. • Financial Statement Analysis: meaning, significance, limitations, • Tools for Financial Statement Analysis: Comparative Statements, Common Size Statements, Accounting Ratios: meaning and objectives, types of ratios: Liquidity Ratios: Current Ratio, Liquid Ratio Solvency Ratios: Debt to Equity, Proprietary Ratio Activity Ratios: Inventory Turnover, Debtors Turnover, Working Capital Turnover, Fixed Assets Turnover, Profitability Ratio: Gross Profit, Operating, Net Profit, Return on Investment, Earning per Share, Dividend per Share, Price Earning Ratio Unit 6: Cash Flow Statement • Cash Flow Statement: Meaning and objectives, preparation, adjustments related to depreciation, dividend and tax, sale and purchase of non-current assets (as per revised standard issued by ICAI) Unit 7: Project Work 1. Project File 2. Written Test 3. Viva Voce’
4 marks 12 marks (one hour) 4 marks
Part C: Computerised Accounting
Unit 5: Overview of Computerized Accounting System • Concept and types of Computerised Accounting System (CAS) • Features of a Computerized Accounting System • Structure of a Computerised Accounting System Unit 6: Accounting using Database Management System (DBMS) • Concept of DBMS • Objects in DBMS: Tables, Queries, Forms, Reports • Creating data tables for accounting • Using queries, forms and reports for generating accounting information. Applications of DBMS in generating accounting information such as shareholders records, sales reports, customers’ profile, suppliers’ profile, payroll, employees’ profile, and petty cash register. Unit 7: Accounting Applications of Electronic Spreadsheet • Concept of an Electronic Spreadsheet (ES) • Features offered by Electronic Spreadsheet • Applications of Electronic Spreadsheet in generating accounting information, preparing depreciation schedule, loan repayment schedule, payroll accouning and other such applications. Unit 8: Project Work 1. Project File 2. Written Test 3. Viva Voce’
4 marks 12 marks (one hour) 4 marks
Suggested Text books: 1. Accountancy, published by NCERT New Delhi
Maximum Marks: 100 Theory :80 Practicals: 20 Unit I: Entrepreneurial Opportunities and Enterprise Creation • Sensing Entrepreneurial Opportunities • Environment Scanning • Market Assessment • Identification of Entrepreneurial Opportunities • Selection of an Enterprise • Steps in setting up of an Enterprise Marks 20
Unit II: Enterprise Planning and Resourcing Marks 30 • Business Planning – Preparation of a Project Report • Resource Assessment -Financial and Non – Financial • Fixed and Working Capital Requirement, Funds, Flows, Profit Ratios, Break Even Analysis etc. • Mobilising Resources – Sources and Means of Fund, Facilities and Technologies for starting an Enterprise. • Organising/Production of goods and services – quality, quantity and flow of inputs. Unit III: Enterprise Management Marks 30 (a) General management: Basic Management functions. (b) Managing Market: Meaning, Functions of Marketing, Marketing Mix: * Product * Price * Place * Promotion (advertising and sales promotion) (c) Managing Finance – Sources of Long Term and Short Term Finances * Determination of Cost, Income, Calculation of Profit/Loss. (d) Managing Growth and Sustenance -Affecting Change, Modernisation, Expansion, Diversification and Substitution. (e) Entrepreneurial Discipline – Laws of Land, Ecology, Consumer’s Concept, Adherance to Contract and Credits. PRACTICAL 1. Project Report/Survey Report 2. Viva-Voce on PW /SR 3. Case Study Marks 20
10 Marks 05 Marks 10 Marks
1. Project Report/Market Survey Report 10 Marks a) Project Report: Preparation of a Project Report for an enterprise involving products/services Students may be provided adequate guidance to choose a project based on their interests and availability of information and authentic inputs in the locality. The specimen proforma of project report given in the textbook may be used for preparing the report. However, mechanical preparation of the report by filling in the information in the proforma should be discouraged.
Further, as the students will be required to appear for a Viva-voce on the basis of their projects, sufficient care should be taken by the students to prepare the report after studying the various aspects involved thoroughly. In a nutshell, the project report should lead to viable enterprise.
b) Market Survey Report Market research is the process and technique of finding out who your potential customers are and what they want. The survey may be on products and services already available in the market or students may also conduct surveys for new products and services. The report of the survey should be organised under the following broad headings: Objectives. 1. Methods and tools (interviews, questionnaires etc.) to be used to collect 2. information. Records of data and information. 3. Analysis of data and information. 4. Interpretation and conclusion. 5. For example, a survey may be conducted to find out the choice of households in toiletry soap, tooth paste etc. The data may be analysed to establish a pattern that may be useful to an entrepreneur. Guidelines for assessment of Project Report / Survey Report 1. Presentation: Format, Clarity, Use of graphs, tables and other visuals, organisation, methodical recording of data and information and general neatness of execution. 5 marks 3 marks 2. Originality and Creativity 3. Authenticity of information and correctness of calculations and general feasibility of the project/ sustainability of conclusion drawn in the survey. 2 marks 2. Viva Voce on the Project /Market Survey Report 5 Marks The questions should establish that the report is the original work of the student and that the student has a reasonably clear understanding of the work carried out by him/her. Entrepreneurial qualities such as leadership, self-belief, creativity, originality, initiative etc. may also be assessed by asking a variety of questions related to the report. 3. Case Study 10 marks A case study is a focused research on an organization, enterprise, practice, behavior or person undertaken to highlight an aspect that the study attempts to examine. For instance, a case study may be conducted on the pollution control methods being employed by an industry. Or a successful industrialist may be chosen as a subject of a case study to analyze and understand the strategies that the industrialist adopted: to achieve success. Ideally, a case study should be conducted on subjects with the objectives of bringing to the fore beliefs, practices, strategies, values etc. that have made them what they are. Such studies help us to understand the way in which great minds think and operate. We may also conduct case studies on failures; why a company collapsed, how a service lost its market etc. From both the types of case study, we learn lessons; how to do something or how not to do something. They also provide valuable insight into the processes involved in an enterprise. A few topics are suggested for carrying out case studies: Drawing a profile of a successful entrepreneur. i) ii) ii) Studying a public sector undertaking and highlighting its success/failure, by analyzing the factors responsible. Studying a small scale unit in the locality to bring out the procedures and iii) processes adopted by the unit to become a feasible business venture. A study of competition in business by choosing two or more rivals in the iv) market and analyzing their strengths and weaknesses.
Take the school itself for a case study and analyze any two aspects of the school plant for chalking out a plan of action: infrastructure, academics, cocurricular activities etc. A case study on a thriving fast food shop/restaurant in your locality. What vi) makes it so popular? A case study on the ways in which a business unit has mobilized its financial vii) resources. A case study on the enterprise management techniques adopted by a business viii) house. A case study on the marketing strategies of a successful consumer durable ix) company. A case study on the financial management of a Public Limited Company. x) A case study on any Specialized Institution that supports and guides the xi) establishment of a small scale unit. Studying the balance sheets of two big private companies to assess their trade xii) and credit worthiness. Studying the inventory management of a large manufacturing industry to xiii) ascertain the processes involved for optimizing cost. Carrying out a case study on an established industrial house/company to find xiv) out the value system of the company and how it fulfils its social commitment/obligations. Carrying out a case study on an established industry to ascertain the xv) processes followed to reduce/prevent pollution. Study on environment friendly companies and their contribution to xvi) preservation. Assessment of Case Studies i) Presentation: Format, accuracy, clarity, authenticity and general neatness 7 marks ii) Analysis and Conclusions 3 marks
HOME SCIENCE (MAIN STREAM)
HUMAN DEVELOPMENT Maximum Marks : 100 Theory: 70 marks Practicals: 30 Marks (External: 20 ; Internal:10) Unit I Time: 3 Hours
Growth and Development 15 marks Understanding the concepts of child development and child study-importance, history and scope. Definitions: Growth and Development. Maturation: Basic factors in development, principles of development; influence of heredity and environment. Unit II How life begins 10 marks
The menstrual cycle. Fertilization; Conception: prenatal development
Unit III Post Natal 10 marks
Post natal care of baby and the Mother; Immunisation, Growth and development from Birth to Six to six years.
Practicals Care of the mother-to-be. Nutrition, medical check-ups, Clothing and hygiene Visit to a Primary Health Centre: Preparations for delivery at home or in hospital Clothing for the new baby and other needs. Visit to a baby clinic. Feeding (Breast and bottle; Food (preparation).
Diets for the growing child. Hygiene for the baby; visit to a paediatric clinic, a nursery school to observe activities; play, creative activities, etc. Unit IV Stages of Development 10 marks Characteristic and changes in infancy, early and late childhood. Development of motor skills, speech, intellectual and emotional development. Unit V Early childhood 15 marks
Needs of early childhood, play and play equipment-outdoor and indoor, Necessary social and self-help skills. The child’s first books and learning experiences. Study telling, music, creative activities, clay painting, collage.
Unit VI Socialization 10 marks
Socialization of the child, social development, Moral development, Moral development Practicals 1. Visit to a kindergarten to observe children at play and other activities. Toy making. 2. Preparation of self-help clothing and study of self-feeding equipment. 3. Visit to a book shop to study and evaluate children’s book’s
CLOTHING FOR THE FAMILY
Maximum Marks : 100 Theory: 70 marks Practicals: 30 Marks (External: 20 ; Internal:10) Unit I Time: 3 Hours
Clothing 10 marks Clothing needs of the family with reference to climate, family income, age of family members, activity and fashion. The clothing budget, choice of textiles with reference to utility, durability and cost. Fabrics 18 marks Textiles and their care, classification of textile Fabrics Fabrics: natural and man-made. Characteristics and general properties of various fibres physical and chemical properties. Various types of yarns and weaves, dyeing. Unit III Garments Care & finishing garments, Household laundry. Principles and method of application of friction Care of following fabrics – cotton, silk, woolen and synthetics. Removal of common stains. 07 marks Unit II
Practicals Evaluation of fabrics available in market, Evaluation of readymade garments available in market. Comparing the cost of Home/Tailor made garments. Microscopic appearance of fibres. Physical and chemical tests. Study of different types of yarn. Study of different types of weaves. Home bleaching dyeing and printing of textiles, stain. Washing of different fabrics and finishing them. Dry cleaning and spot cleaning of woolen garments steam pressing of woolen garment. Darning patching on cotton, wool and printed fabrics. Unit IV: Patterns 10 marks Clothing: constructions of commercial patterns and drafted patterns, Basic patterns for various garments for different ages and the genders. Basic principles involved in laying out patterns on cloth. Unit V Basics of apparel construction 18 marks
Basic processes involved in stitching and finishing garments. Cutting and stitching the following garments: Head scarf i) Apron and choice of three of the following ii) Shalwar and kameez iii) Blouse and petticoat iv) Baby layette v) Child frock and panty/child smock and rompar vi) Gents pyjama and Kalidar Kurta. Different kinds of embroidery. Indian and vii) foreign. Parts of the sweing machine. How to thread it? Wind the bobbin and use it
Importance of finishing Classification of finishes. Preparatory process-designing, scouring, bleaching – Mechanical-Singeing, napping, shearing, designing – Shrinking, texturing, calendaring etc. – Chemical-Scouring, bleaching, mercerizing etc. – Functional finishes-Wrinkle resistant water resistant and repellent, flame retardant, durable press, soil resistant anti pilling, anti microbial. Practicals Learning to use commercial patterns and make adaptations from them. Learning the draft basic patterns for common garments for different ages and genders to fit individual differences body measurements from the standard patterns. Laying out patterns on cloth. Cutting out garments. Ability to use the following process stitches. Tucking i) Remming stitch ii) Run and back stitch iii) Back stitch iv) Hemming seam v) Plain seam vi) French seam vii) viii) Run and fall seam Herns: (i) Straight (ii) Herns on curved edges Fartenings: (i) Plack openings (ii) Pipings (iii) Buttons and Button holes (iv) Pkjjkj Buttons (v) Hooks and eyes Facing and bindings Stitching on a fall or a saree simple embroidery and decorative stitches. Practice in using a sewing machine.
HOME SCIENCE EXTENSION EDUCATION Maximum Marks: 100
Theory: Marks 70 Practicals: Marks 30 (External: 20 Unit I: What is Home Science? Time: 3 hours ; Internal:10) 11 marks
What is Home Science? Brief review of the development of Home Science as an area of study in India; its beginning in the USA and UK. Scope of Home Science Education, its importance in women’s education. The concepts of education and extension. The objectives of Home Science in relation to objectives of education in general. The inter disciplinary nature of Home Science.
Unit II: Area of Home Science The areas of concern of Home Science: 1. Food Science 2. Human Development 3. Management of Resources 4. Textiles and clothing 5. Extension Education The role of the Home Science Scientist in the community 12 marks
Unit III: Methods of Teaching & Planning 12 marks Methods of teaching people. Methods of teaching Home Science in formal and nonformal situations. Planning and organizing a short extension programme within the school itself. Evaluation-meaning, scope and its importance. Practicals and related experiences Survey of local community to determine their impressions of what Home Science means to them. An assignment to determine what the student concepts is of Home Science. Collect information and prepare a report on the activities of the village level worker/Home Scientist in the community in which the student lives. Prepare a chart to show how Home Science draws itself from various disciplines. Preparation of charts to how the scope of each area and possibilities for employment/self employment.
Experience with meeting groups in rural and urban settings familiarity with the demonstration and discussion methods, Group discussion method. A group of 2-3 girls will plan and organize one extension lecture demonstration, self-evaluation of programme, group evaluation of programme by teacher and class mates.
Unit IV Development Communication 12 marks 1. Concept meaning Purpose of communication, importance of communication and development. Type of communication2. • Verbal and Non verbal
• • •
Intra personal and interpersonal Formal and informal Traditional and modern Communication through mass media-concept, characteristic of mass communication, mass communication media, functions of mass communication, advertising and effect of mass communication.
• • • •
Psychology of Communication 11 marks Listening-concept, the listening process, feed back. Perception-Selective attention, types of perception. Learning-meaning, principles of learning and its implication in extension, adult learning. Motivation-meaning.
Unit VI: Communication 12 marks Mass Communication in Home Science. Familiarity with various media for communication: Visual media, Audio media, Audio-visual media Literature, books and journals Learning to prepare a lesson for a class; rea-lisation/appreciation understanding of Home Science programmes on radio T.V, articles or features in newspapers magazines, etc. preparing simple low-cost materials for communication purposes, charts, flip charts, exhibits, graphs, flash cards. Radio and T.V scripts. Writing and illustrating a story of children. Demonstration of the use of commonly available equipment.
Approaches of communication in development Individual-Personal visits, phone calls, letters. i. Group-lectures, Group discussions group demonstration, excertions and field trips. ii. Audio-visual aids meaning, classification, importance, advantages, limitations and iii. use. Practical & related experience 1. Production of visual aids-Charts, Posters, Flashcards transparencies. 2. Display material – Bulletin Board, Flannel graph board. 3. Giving demonstration and putting up exhibitions 4. Preparation of folk media of Rajasthan-puppets, songs, social drama, Phad, Hela Khayal 5. Preparation of Printed material-Leaflets, holders, pamphlets
INFORMATICS PRACTICES Maximum Marks: 100
Theory: Marks 70 Practicals: Marks 30. External: 20 marks, Internal = 10 marks 1. NETWORKING AND OPEN STANDARDS 2. PROGRAMMING 3. RELATIONAL DATABASE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM 4. WEB APPLICATION DEVELOPMENT Time: 3 hours
Marks 10 Marks 25 Marks 30 Marks 05
UNIT 1: NETWORKING AND OPEN STANDARDS Computer Networking: Networking – a brief overview, Identifying computers and users over a network (Domain Name, MAC ‘Media Access Control’ and IP address), domain name resolution, Network Topologies, Types of network – LAN, MAN, WAN, PAN; Wired Technologies – Co- Axial, Ethernet Cable, Optical Fiber; Wireless Technologies – Blue Tooth, Infrared, Microwave, Radio Link, Satellite Link; Network Devices – Hub, Switch, Repeater, Gateway – and their functions; Network security – denial of service, intrusion problems, snooping; Open Source Concepts: Open Source Software (OSI norms), common FOSS examples (Gnu/Linux, Firefox, OpenOffice), common open standards (open document format, Ogg Vorbis) Indian Language Computing: character encoding, UNICODE and Indian Language, different types of fonts (open type vs true type, static vs dynamic), Entering Indian Language Text – phonetic and keymap based. UNIT 2: PROGRAMMING Review of Class XI; Modules: Modules in Visual Basic- Form Modules, Standard Modules, and Class Modules; Procedures: Procedures (General, Event, Function, Property); Control Structures: Revision of Decision Structure – IF, IF-THEN-ELSE, Select Case; Revision of Looping Structure- Do While…Loop, Do…Loop While, For…Next, For Each…Next; Functions: Concept of Functions, Defining and Use of User Defined functions, function to perform calculations, Parameterized Functions; Library Functions (System Functions) String Function: Space(), Str( ), Right( ), Left( ), Mid( ), InStr( ), Len( ), Ltrim( ), Rtrim( ), Ucase(), Lcase( ), String( ); Numeric Function: Sgn( ), Val( ), Int( ); Time-Related Function: Now( ), Time( ), Minute( ), Month( ); Miscellaneous Function: MsgBox( ), InputBox( ); Types of forms: Single Document Interface (SDI) and Multiple Document Interface (MDI); MDI Applications: Creating MDI form and Child form, Arranging Child Forms; Accessing database from ORACLE using ODBC or ADO or OLEDB to connect with database. Data Control: Accessing Data with the Data Control, Using DataAware Controls, Using Data Control Properties – Database Name, Exclusive, Options, Read Only, Record Source, Data Control Methods – Refresh, UpdateControls, UpdateRecord; Bound Controls: Adding Bound Text and Bound Label Controls. DataBound list Boxes, Grids, and Sub-Forms ADO (ActiveX Data Objects): Connection Object, Command Object, and RecordSet Object, Special ADO Properties – Connection
String (using single table), Command Text, Command Types, Cursor Locations, Cursor Types, Lock Types, Mode Types.ADO Data Control: Simple Data linking using ADO Data Control Methods, ADO Data Control Events.
UNIT 3: RELATIONAL DATABASE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
Review of RDBMS from Class XI Database Fundamentals Concept of Database Transaction, Committing a Transaction, Concept of “All or None” in a Transaction, Network Protocols Required (TCP/IP) for Data Communication, Stored Procedures, Concept of Database Fragmentation and Distributed Databases. PL/SQL (Programming Language in SQL) Importance of Writing Procedures, Declaring Variables: About PL/SQL, PL/SQL Block Structure. Program Constructs, Use of Variables, Handling Variables in PL/SQL, Types of Variables, Declaration, Naming Rules, Assigning Values to Variables, Initialization, and Keywords, Scalar Data types, Base Scalar Data Types, Scalar Variable Declaration, %TYPE attribute: for variable declaration, Declaring Boolean Variables, PL/SQL Record Structure, Referencing Non-PL/SQL variables, DBMS_OUTPUT.PUT_LINE; Writing Executable Statements: PL/SQL Block Syntax and Guidelines, SQL functions in Code, SQL Functions in PL/SQL, PL/SQL Functions, Data type Conversion, Nested Blocks and Variable Scope, Operators in PL/SQL, Using Bind Variables, Programming Guidelines, Determining Variable Scope, SQL Statements in PL/SQL, Retrieving data in PL/SQL, Manipulating Data using PL/SQL, Inserting Data, Updating Data, Deleting Data, Naming Conventions, Commit and Rollback Statements, SQL Cursor, and Cursor Attributes; Writing Control Structures: Controlling PL/SQL Flow of Execution, IF statements, IFTHENELSE. Statement Execution Flow, IF-THEN-ELSIF Statement Execution Flow, Building Logical Conditions, Logic Tables, Boolean Conditions, Iterative Control: LOOP Statement, Basic Loop, FOR Loop, While Loop; Creating Procedures: Overview of Procedures, Syntax for Creating Procedures, Developing Stored Procedures and its Advantages, Creating a Stored Procedure, Procedure Parameter Modes, Creating Procedures with Parameters, IN and OUT parameters and Usage, DEFAULT Option for Parameters, Removing Stored Procedures; Writing Cursors: Introduction to Cursors (Implicit and Explicit), Explicit Cursor Functions, Controlling Explicit Cursors, Declaring, Opening and Closing the Cursor, Fetching data from the Cursor, Explicit Cursor Attributes (%ISOPEN, %NOTFOUND, %ROWCOUNT), controlling multiple fetches, Cursors and Records, Cursor FOR Loops, Cursor FOR Loops using Sub Queries. Triggers: Types of Triggers: Row-Level Triggers, Statement Level Triggers, BEFORE and AFTER Triggers, INSTEAD of Triggers, Valid Trigger Type, Trigger Syntax, Combining Trigger Types, Enabling and Disabling Trigger, Replacing Trigger, Dropping a Trigger. Development of Data Base Applications (Application Domain): Student database for school, Employee database for a company, Library Database for Library Student database management system for school, Employee database management system for a company, Library Database management system for Library, Railway Reservation System, Hotel Reservation, Inventory Control System;
UNIT 4: WEB APPLICATION DEVELOPMENT Web application development: URL, Web Server, Communicating with the web server, concept of Client and Server Side. HTML based web pages covering basic tags – HTML, TITLE, BODY, H1…H6, Paragraph , Line Break , Section Separator , FONT, TABLE, LIST , FORM; Creating and accessing static pages using HTML and introduction to XML PRACTICALS Marks 30 External: 20 marks, Internal = 10 marks Problem Solving using Visual Basics 04 marks Student will be given a problem to be solved using VB during practical Examination to be conducted at the end of the course. SQL Queries 03 marks Student will be asked to write 3 queries based on one or two tables during practical Examination to be conducted at the end of the course Web Application Development Students shall have to create a web application in HTML.
Practical Record File A practical record file is required to be created during the entire academic session. It should be duly signed by the concerned teacher on regular basis and is to be produced at the time of Final Practical Examination for evaluation. It should include the following: • Solution of at least 15 problems using VB based IDE 03 marks • At least 25 SQL queries based on one and/or two tables • Solution of at least 2 simple problems incorporating VB Application & Database connectivity Project File (3+2) marks Students in-group of 2-3 is required to work collaboratively to develop a project using Programming and Database skills learnt during the course. The project should be an application with GUI front-end based on any one of the following domains – eGovernance, e-Business and e-Learning. Viva Voce 2 marks Students will be asked oral questions during practical Examination to be conducted at the end of the course. The questions will be from the entire course covered in the academic session