• Retirement is the point where a person is not in any kind of employment /business/occupation. • This usually happens upon reaching a determined age, when physical conditions do not allow the person to work any more. • Retirement could also be due to personal choice-either due to adequate pension or personal savings or due to a regular unearned income like interest, rents etc.
• The retirement age varies from country to country but it is generally between 55 and 70. • Certain jobs, which are of dangerous nature or of fatiguing nature, may have an earlier retirement age.
Support and Funds
• Retired persons support themselves either through superannuation, pensions, savings or through family (earning children), as in Indian families. • In some other countries the government provides the pension benefit to all its citizens.
• Retirement financial planning refers to a collection of systems, methods and processes which support a family unit’s (client’s) desire to achieve a state of financial independence. • It is a process of determining the financial goals at the point of retirement. • It requires constant monitoring of the progress of the plan and then taking adequate remedial measures
Need For Retirement Planning
• Increasing Life Span • Low Returns In Conventional Modes Of Savings. • Unintended Contingencies. • Increasing Medical Cost. • Diminishing Trend Of Joint Family System • Inflationary Trends • Absence Of Social Security Benefits By The State • Pursuing Hobbies • Falling Interest Rates
The JFK Jr. plane crash affected our whole country this past summer. John F. Kennedy Jr. with not all that much experience decided to fly his wife, Carolyn Bassett and himself to Hyannis Port for a family wedding, dropping off his sister in law Lauren off at Martha's Vineyard. It was a foggy night and Kennedy crashed to his death just a mere 20 miles shy of Martha's Vineyard. The Kennedy's have ...
Steps In Retirement Planning
• Decision retirement about the retirement age option. • Setting of financial goals • Saving of relevant amounts w.r.t. goals • Investing in appropriate modes • Calculation of net worth • Regular monitoring of financial plan and incorporate the necessary amendments in the plan.
Factors Affecting Retirement Planning
• Life style • Personal values • Nature of income- salaried, business or professional; stable job/non-stable job; private job/government job • Number of years left for taking retirement • Inflation rate • Present net worth of a person • Risk appetite of a person • Services of a certified financial planner • Conviction in the retirement planning effort • Seriousness & perseverance for retirement planning
Life Expectancy & Career Stability
• Life expectancy is the major ruler of retirement planning. • As per the Indian context, still the importance of retirement planning is not clearly identified. • With the increasing life expectancy, high standards of living and high expectations for the upcoming future, pressure is building up for fund allocation, to meet up the needs of retirement. • Longevity of life expectancy has to be kept in mind while making out a retirement plan.
• Key factors to be evaluated while making out a retirement plan are present life style, income and capacity to save, family circumstances, level of inflation prevailing in the economy & the standard one would like to maintain at the time of post retirement
INDIA & RETIREMENT PLANNING
• 90% per cent of India’s total working population is not covered for postretirement life. • The main objective of retirement planning is to create a well funded and safe future for the client. • Financial needs of the client needs to be clubbed between his/her current income and post retirement expenditure.
• To maintain up current life style one has to plan to save almost 65 to 85% of current income.
Career planning is not an activity that should be done once — in high school or college — and then left behind as we move forward in our jobs and careers. Rather, career planning is an activity that is best done on a regular basis — especially given the data that the average worker will change careers (not jobs) multiple times over his or her lifetime. And it’s never too ...
• Every phase of life cycle has a different level of income, expenditure and saving. • The first phase of life cycle is the childhood where an individual has no earnings but certain amount of money is spent on him/her (school fees, clothing, food etc).
• Second stage comes where the individual may or may not start his real earnings or a stable career.
• In the third stage an individual enters a stable career and has good amount of earnings to save and start planning for his/her retirement • Fourth & fifth stage is time period to save maximum and allocate maximum funds for the retirement planning. • In the sixth stage comes the old age. At this stage the savings tend to reduce because of medical expenses, new expenses related to old age etc. • The last two stages of the life cycle is the retirement period where the saving are utilized to cover the real retirement years or retirement costs.
• Career stability is one of the most important factor which clearly needs to be evaluated to develop a retirement plan. • Fund allocation for retirement is done with the help of surplus earnings of an individual during his/her pre-retirement period. • Stable career and in return stable earnings provides a scope for having well planned and organized retirement plan
• Employers also have a important role in retirement planning as they contribute in pension plans other contribution plans etc. • Career stability helps to draw clear anticipation of future earnings can be which helps in retirement planning
Major Factors Affecting Career Stability
• Job Satisfaction: Job satisfaction covers the factors like the level of pay and benefits, the perceived fairness of the promotion system within a company, the quality of the working conditions, leadership and social relationships, and the job itself. • Alternative opportunities: If the market is opening up for new jobs and careers and individual can provide his works onto those opportunities the career stability can embark for changes.
• Employer-Employee Relationship: This issue covers the factors like loyalty of an individual towards the employer, future protection provided by the employer, motivation, leadership, timely appraisals. • Changing economic conditions: The economic conditions of a country like recession cycles, developing sectors, problems related to any particular sector private and public ownership etc also affects the career stability. • There are also various policies and economic strategies of government related to employment & foreign investments etc which have a direct affect on employment scenario.
As far as I can think back I always enjoyed being in an office setting. My father used to be an Insurance Salesman when I was little and whenever I had to stay at his office for one reason or another I would always pass the time away happily playing office even answering some calls for my dad. As I got older my dad used to give me tasks to do like filing or stocking the insurance applications for ...
• It is an planning. interactive part of retirement
• In pre-retirement counseling all the basics of the retirement plan are drafted as per the needs and expectations of the client and as per the client’s present and anticipated financial conditions. • Financial planner has to clearly evaluate the needs, attitude & lifestyle of the client to have a strong and trustworthy relationship with the client.
Steps For Retirement Plan
• Inauguration Of Retirement Plan: Inauguration of retirement plan would depend on life expectancy. If the client starts accumulating funds for his/her retirement early, with small savings & less burden he will be able to achieve the goal. • Desired Retirement Status: This would involve budgeting, income sources and proper asset management etc. Estimated expenditure and sources of income during the retirement years to the client have to be evaluated properly.
• Retirement Expenses & Sources Of Income: Clear identification of all the costs & incomes has to be made. Provisions for allocating 65 to 70% of current income for the retirement period should be drawn.
Insurance With Retirement Planning
• Insurance plans with a cash back or whole life insurance are suitable because they provide insurance as long as the premiums are paid and also accumulates savings, thus it has a cash value. • It also helps to pay off uncovered medical costs, funeral expenses & also acts as an income replacement for survivors.
• With increasing life expectancy, and other challenges a life insurance can provide a life-long, worry-free retirement and insurance protection. • Major expenses of the retirement years are the health care costs, health insurance can act as a helping hand in that case to meet up these costs.
estate planning With Retirement Planning
1. Appraise the formal planning efforts at the Copley Company for the period 1981 to 1984. INTRODUCTION Copley Manufacturing Company was primarily a manufacturer of a wide line of cutting tools and related parts and supplies. Late in 1980, Mr. Sagan, director of corporate development and Mr. Albert, executive vice president agreed that regular formal planning should become part of management's way ...
• Estate planning is the process of accumulating and disposing of an estate to maximize the returns of the estate owner. • Various tools of estate planning are used like Wills, Trusts, Gifts, Contributions & proper evaluation of Estate taxes.
• Estate planning should maintain out the costs of the property and should develop an estate plan to give proper and safe income generation. • Estate plan will cover all the legal formalities and all the documentation regarding future transactions.
tax planning With Retirement Planning
• Savings and investments are interconnected. • Proper management of savings and investment results to tax benefits and these become very important at the time of retirement. • Retirement planner must clearly evaluate the aspects of its liquidity, security, and the most important one the return and tax income over such investments.
• Proper tax planning can itself prove out to be a saving tool because with effective tax planning is basic foundation for effective retirement planning.