The bombing of Hiroshima was very disastrous. It all started in 1905, the German-born scientist known as Albert Einstein had published his theory. The theory said that huge amounts of energy are locked inside atoms.
Over the next thirty years, scientists in various European countries worked to put Einstein’s theory into practice. They figure that a powerful force holds the nucleus (main part of an atom) of an atom and if they split the atom, the energy would be released. In 1938, scientist in Germany successfully split an atom of the metal uranium, it is known as nuclear fusion. If scientists could split one atom and ensure that the energy released broke up other atoms, it could lead to a chain reaction that would release vast amounts of power.
By 1938, Einstein, now a refugee living in the U.S., heard about Germany’s plan to harness the destructive power. In August 1939, Einstein wrote a letter to the U.S. president, Franklin D. Roosevelt. Einstein explained his theory and urged Roosevelt to set a nuclear research project in the U.S., to beat Germany in a race to nuclear technology.
On September 1, 1939, Germany invaded Poland. Two days later, France and Britain declared war against Germany, trying to foil Germany’s plan. On May 7, 1945 Germany surrendered to the Allied forces. By the end of 1944, the nuclear warhead was complete. The first test (the Trinity test) took place on July 10, 1945 at Alamogordo in the New Mexico desert. The test was successful, however, and revealed an awesome power. Everything nearby it was simply pulverized or melted. The observers standing more than six miles away knocked down flat.
Albert Einstein Albert Einstein was born on March 14, 1879 in Ulm, Wurttemberg, Germany. He died April 18 1955 in Princeton, NJ. When Einstein was five years old his father showed him a compass. He was very impressed by the behavior of the needle of the compass, which kept pointing in the same direction no matter which way the compass was turned. He later said he felt that 'Something deeply hidden ...
On August 6, 1945, it was a Monday. The day was hot and muddy. Tidal currents flowing upstream in the delta river brought fishy, saltwater smell to Seto Inland Sea. The people of Hiroshima were used to the smell. At 7:09 an air raid siren sounded but there were no planes in the sky. At 7:31 the all-clear signal came.
Warrant Officer Yanagita slept the air raid siren. Yanagita was an experience and a capable leader. Eight days ago, he and his officers ha captured five U.S. pilots and search parties had brought in eight more. But on Monday morning Yanagita wasn’t thinking about the captive. When the all clear signal came at 7:31, he was still sleeping. He was drunk because he drank to muck sake (a hot alcoholic drink made of fermented rice).
Officer Yanagita woke up and went to tend his garden. After that he went to a shrine to pray for the fallen soldiers. At the time, he began his prayers, the atom bomb the American had named Little Boy began falling toward the city. The Enola Gay and the Great Artiste were about six miles above Hiroshima when thy released their cargo. Immediately afterward, the two pilots slammed the plane into steep power dives to gain the speed they would need to escape the blast. Each pilots had forty-three seconds to put as much distance as possible between his aircraft and the point where the bomb would exploded.
Sgt. George Caron was the Enola Gay’s observer. He was riding in the tail section and facing backwards, he was the one with the best view. At first, he could see anything so he looked at the sun to test his vision.
Then at 8:16 a.m (Hiroshima time), the world’s first atom bomb exploded about two thousand feet above Hiroshima. The diameter of the explosion was more than three hundred feet. Caron was watching the bomb. He said that is was so strong it was blinding. The Enola Gay had already traveled about twelve miles from the point of explosion when Caron saw the bomb’s shock wave swiftly overtaking them. Lt. Jacob Besar, the Enola Gay’s radar specialist, described the scene: “It looked like… well, did you ever went to the beach and stir up the sand in the shallow water and see it all billow up? That’s what it looks like to me.” 
The Atomic Bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki The first atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima, on August 6, 1945. The world would never be the same. This paper will discuss the significance of the atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki and how they led to the success of the Allied forces. It will also discuss how the United States developed the atomic bomb, the decision to drop the bomb, the ...
The superheated air at the exploding center pushed away the surrounding air with incredible force. The extreme heat had caused a chemical reaction that created moisture and gave the shock a visible shape. It looked like the shimmering wave of superheated air that rises from a dessert highway at midday.
After that a second shockwave came but it was not as strong as the first shockwave.
A slight miscalculation causes the bomb to miss the T-shaped Aoi Bridge by eight hundred feet. Instead of hitting the bridge, it hit a hospital. Everyone in the hospital vaporized or was reduced by ashes by the heat. In Hiroshima, only three out of forty-five hospitals survived the bomb.
Two days after the bomb, 120,000 people died.
Even after a few years, people were still dying because the radiation. When the bomb exploded midair above Hiroshima, it released nuclear particles causing radiation. The particles then entered the environment and changed or damaged plants, animals, and people’s cells. The changes or damages cause radiation sickness.
The first symptoms are nausea, vomiting, fever, and diarrhea. Then they start to bleed excessively and lose hair. Many people had cuts and burns caused by the blast. Many bled to death from the mouth, rectum, or urethra. Some bleed into the skin causing it to become purple.
Field Marshal Hata survived the atom bomb. He immediately sent a report to the government leader in Tokyo. The government leader didn’t believe Hata’s report and says the explosion was that the household kitchen exploded.
Then U.S. bombers scattered and threw millions if leaflet showing the picture of the mushroom cloud and saying to admit defeat.
Japan then had a meeting. They were arguing for two hours straight. The groups were split evenly both saying to surrender but under different terms. The emperor of Japan then said to accept the Potsdam Declaration. One of the War minister was so disgraced, he committed suicide.
Its strange how the thousands of events that made up one mans life eventually had a role in the fate of almost 200 thousand Japanese people and later the entire world. Here is the life of the one man. The man is J. Robert Oppenheimer. So little had an impact on so much. He was the man who was in charge of the Manhattan Project. It was the U. S. project to make an atomic bomb. A bomb with, at the ...
 Lt. Jacob Besar. Faris, John. World Diaster. San Diego, Lucent Books, 1990 pgs.5-64