Our group project is on Henri Fayol’s “Administrative Management Theory.” As a group member I took on a task of researching his theory. Henri Fayol began his career as a junior Engineer in French Mining Company. His key work was “Administration Industrielle et Generale” which he published in 1916 ad later o published in English I 1949. The administrative theory ’emphasized management functions and attempted to generate broad administrative principles that would serve as guidelines for the rationalization of organizational activities’ (Scott p. 36).
Fayol played a main role in the turn-of-the-century Classical School of management theory.
Fayol believed that techniques of effective management could be defined and taught and that managerial organization hold as much importance as management as workers organization. He was the first to identify functions of management. The five functions of managers, according to Fayol were plan, organize, command, coordinate, and control. Planning is the act of anticipating the future and acting on it. “Planning reduces uncertainty by forcing managers to look ahead, anticipate change, consider the impact of change and develop appropriate responses.” (Robbins, 2000, p. 247) Organization is the development of the institution’s resources, including material and human.
In rhetoric, the places were citizens exchange ideas, information, attitude and opinions. The concept of Habermas public sphere is a metaphorical term used to describe the virtual space where people can interact through the world wide web, for instance is not actually a web, cyberspace is not a space, and so with the public sphere. It’s the virtual space where the citizens of a country exchange ...
Commanding is keeping the institution’s actions and processes running. Co-ordination is the alignment and harmonization of the groups’ efforts. Finally, control means that the above activities are performed according to the appropriate rules and procedures. Fayol’s work included a definition of a body of principles, which enabled a manager to construct a formal structure of the organization and to supervise it in a rational way. He focused his research and work on a more managerial level. Fayol developed fourteen principals of management: o Specialization / division of labor Authority with responsibility Discipline Unity of commando Unity of direction Subordination of individual interest to the general interest Remuneration of staff Centralization o Scalar chain / line of authority Order Equity Stability of tenure o Initiative Esprit de corps Although, he firmly believed that the number of management principles that might help improve an organization’s operation is potentially limitless.
The last two principals clearly define one of Fayol’s main points of view. A successful organization must contain personal efforts, human interaction and a dose f employee initiative. “An organisation that has developed the continuous capacity to adapt and change because all members take an active role in identifying and resolving work related issues.” (Robbins, 2000, p. 376) It is clear that modern organizations are strongly influenced by the theories of Fayol and other psychologists of his time. Their ideas have become such a strong part of modern management that it is difficult to believe that these concepts were original and new at some point in history.
The modern idea that these concepts are ‘common sense’ is strong tribute to its founder. Resources: Barney, J. , Ricky, W. , (1992), The Management of Organisations, Houghton Mifflin Company, U. S. A.
Robbins, S. , Bergman, R. , Stagg, I. , Coulter, M.
(2000), Management, Prentice-Hall Australia Pty Ltd, Sydney. This paper is the property of Net Essays. Net Copyright 1999-2005 Scott, T. , (1997), Worley, C. , Organization Development & Change, South-Western College Publishing, Ohio..
Instrumental to conduct SWOT analysis, and 3. Plan and build strategy based on the work culture How to develop strategic and operational plans by knowing work culture It is integral part of any individual, and organization. It describes shared value of an organization. It helps anyone to understand how things are done. Here is my cultural preferences: well resourced, ethical, and teamwork ...