General Biographical information Bell was born on March 3, 1847, in Edinburgh, Scotland, and educated at the universities of Edinburgh and London. He went to Canada in 1870 and to the United States in 1871. In the United States he began teaching deaf-mutes, publicizing a system called visible speech. The system, which was made by his father, the Scottish teacher Alexander Melville Bell, shows how the lips, tongue, and throat are used in the articulation of sound.
In 1872 Bell made a school for deaf and mute people, in Boston, Massachusetts. The school became part of Boston University, where Bell was a teacher of vocal physiology. He became a U. S.
citizen in 1882. Since Bell was 18, he had been working on the idea of transmitting speech. In 1874, while working on a multiple telegraph, he came up with the basic ideas for the telephone. His experiments with his assistant Thomas Watson finally were successful on March 10, 1876, when the first complete sentence was transmitted: ‘Watson, come here; I want you.’ The demonstration at the 1876 Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania introduced the telephone to the world and led to the organization of the Bell Telephone Company in 1877. Six Major Events 1871 Bell started teaching deaf students in Boston. 1874-75 he began work on his great invention.
Bells attorney had applied for a patent on February 14, 1876 1880 Bell received the French government’s Volta price for the telephone. 1898 Bell succeeded his father-in-law as president of the National Geographic Society. He died at his estate on Cape Breton Island in Nova Scotia on August 2. 1922. Major Contributions Alexander Graham Bell’s greatest contribution to mankind was obviously the telephone. Alexander Graham Bell invented the telephone in Boston, Massachusetts, in 1876.
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One year later Bell founded the Bell Telephone Company and began licensing telephone exchanges to route telephone calls through New England. Bell Telephone Company got in a fight with the Western Union Telegraph Company, which had filed a patent for the telephone just hours after Alexander Graham Bell. As part of the deal, in 1879, Western Union sold its 55-city telephone system to Bell Telephone Company and gave up the telephone business. In return Bell Telephone agreed to leave the telegraph business. Why I choose this person chose Alexander Graham Bell because I believe that with out his contribution, the telephone, we could not communicate so easily and effectively with each other as we do know. Bibliography Encarta ’99 Microsoft Corporation Compton Encyclopedia http// web.