Robert Friedman Criminology 360 Dr. Crisp February 02, 2000 Alexis de Tocqueville Alexis de Tocqueville was born in Paris on July 24, 1805. He was born into an aristocratic family and enjoyed a privileged upbringing. In his younger years he had a private tutor.
As a young adult, de Tocqueville studied law in Paris. After studying law, de Tocqueville served as a substitute judge in Versailles. At the age of twenty five, de Tocqueville decided to visit the United States and study the American people and their political institutions. The main reason de Tocqueville wanted to leave France was that he disliked the government of Louis Philippe. On May 9, 1831, de Tocqueville and his friend, Gustave de Beaumont, arrived in America. De Tocqueville traveled through seventeen of the twenty four states.
In each state he studied and observed many components of the United States political system including the prison system. De Tocqueville wrote many books that discussed his findings while in America. Two of these books are The U. S. Penitentiary System and its Application in France and Democracy in America. After returning to France, de Tocqueville held many government positions.
He was elected to the Chamber of Deputies, Constituent Assembly, Legislative Assembly, and briefly served as the minister of foreign affairs. On May 9, 1831 de Tocqueville and de Beaumont arrive in Newport, Rhode Island and immediately begin traveling and investigating the U. S. penal System. De Tocqueville first travels to New York. He receives a warm welcome by the newspapers and the governor of New York.
... France. (1833) This writing was done after they traveled to the in United States in 1831. After the July Revolution of 1830, Tocqueville ... and Beaumont grew restless of their positions and wanted to study the prison system in America. They arrived ... wrote in his travel notebooks, publish as Journey to America. The journey of Beaumont and Tocqueville in America ended in February of ...
He describes the authorities in all of the states he visits as very approachable and says that he feels welcomed wherever he goes. He immediately observes and writes that equality between different social classes within the U. S. is amazing. While in New York, de Tocqueville visits Sing-Sing prison. He praises the penal system of New York.
De Tocqueville and de Beaumont also traveled to southern states. De Tocqueville describes a similar feeling of being welcome, but his evaluation of the penitentiary system is different than his evaluation in the North. He begins by stating that the judicial process in the South is very fair and logical, but he also finds one major problem. De Tocqueville observes that there are very few white criminals. He says the reason for this is that most crimes are punished within the community and, more specifically, the family. For this reason, de Tocqueville concludes that the penal system in the South cannot be compared to that of the North.
De Tocqueville visit to America is a very important event in history. His writings and books in which he discusses his observations of the political systems within the United States, are still studied by politicians as major sources of information about the American political system.