alternative energy and Its Suitability in Nepal
Alternative Energy refers to any source of usable energy in the replacement of fossil fuel. The various types of Alternative Energy include Solar Energy, Wind Energy, Fossils fuels etc. In a general sense in contemporary society, alternative energy is that which is produced without the undesirable consequences of the burning of fossil fuels, such as high carbon dioxide emissions, which is considered to be the major contributing factor of global warming. Due to geographical condition of Nepal it seems easier to use alternative energy instead of fossil fuel.
Fossil fuels like natural gas and crude oil are non renewable as well as harmful to the environment upon burning. Hence the need for an alternative energy source arises. Fossil fuels are naturally occurring energy sources, which are formed from dead plants, and creatures buried under soil some millions of years ago. At the current rate of consumption it’s difficult to extract newly formed fossil fuels as the rate of production of such fossil fuels is extremely slow which will take hundreds of years. Fossil fuels contribute largely to global warming which has become a major environmental issue. Alternative energy will not get depleted unlike crude oil and they can be used repeatedly.
... the only 2 sources of energy on earth are fossil fuels and nuclear energy, and fossil fuels will run out, nuclear energy will be the only alternative left to ... over 11% of the worlds energy, without the enormous amounts of coal or the pollution that fossil fuels cause. Natural uranium is only ...
The major alternative sources of energy and their suitability in Nepal are discussed below:
1) Hydro Electricity
* Nepal is a landlocked country occupying the southern slope of the Himalayas, and therefore has a tremendous hydroelectric potential.
* Our country has lot of sloppy land due to which water can be made to flow with high speed to rotate the turbine of the power plant.
* Our country has lot of water resources (permanent river) produced by the melting of ice.
2) Solar Energy
* It is this free and environmentally sustainable energy source.
* Nepal is blessed with more than 312 days of sunshine averaging approximately six hours per day, allowing the Solectric system to deliver power continuously 365 days a year.
* It is estimated that Nepal has a potential to generate about 26,000 MW of electricity through solar power.
3) Wind Energy
* Wind is readily available in Nepal — for 18 hours a day.
* Wind generation capacity is particularly high in the river corridors and mountain valleys that dot the country.
* Nepal can build wind turbines with local raw materials — unlike solar panels, which need to be imported.
* Nepal has a wind generation capacity of 3,000 megawatts, preliminary studies by the Alternative Energy Promotion Center (APEC) show.
* Nepal is an agricultural country and almost every family possesses animals in rural area. This is very helpful to produce biogas.
* It uses bio-waste possible.
* It helps to keep the society neat tidy and free from disease.
* It doesn’t require any complicated technology. So, it is easy to construct biogas plant in Nepal.
5) Geothermal Energy and Natural Gas
* If investigated in detail Nepal has large possibility to find geothermal energy and natural gas.
* Some sources are feasible according to investigation.
People are slowly switching to alternative energy sources due to its varied advantages over the limited stock of non-renewable energy sources. Few countries have already realized the need for using energy sources like wind and solar power. It’s not possible for the entire world to be fully dependent upon fossil fuels. Using alternative energy sources will help in saving fossil fuels like crude oil and natural gas for emergency use in future. If Nepal also gives importance to the possible alternative source of energy, it is sure we will face no more fuel crisis as like these days.
The energy that is used today comes from fossil fuels, which is a nonrenewable limited resource that will eventually be used up. Alternative energy sources such as solar, hydroelectric, geothermal and wind energies can be used, to conserve the planets limited natural resources. Alternative energy is the use of another energy without the burning of fossil fuels and break up on atoms. Solar energy ...