Colonization within the boundaries of America was simply not enough for some Americans. Expanding across the ocean into new, already inhabited territory was Americas new Manifest Destiny. Imperialism was on the rise throughout the world. Great Britain, France, and Germany were expanding their influence on the native populations. America needed to expand beyond its borders in order to achieve economic success. The Spanish American war was the catalyst for American Imperialism throughout the world. “The war transformed America’s relationship to the rest of the world and left the nation with a far flung overseas empire” (Brinkley, 2007).
Americans began to believe that they had the right and duty to conquer native lands to impose American rule on the indigenous populations. Social Darwinism reflected the attitude of the Americans at this time. They believed that only the strongest nations survived and prospered, which was in alignment with the natural order of things.
Other world super powers such as Great Britain, France, Germany and Japan were extending their borders through Imperialism, so the United States thought that it was imperative to also engage in Imperialism. According to Walter (2003), the decline in Britain’s economic power and the growing threat of Germany led the British to drop their longtime opposition to U.S. expansion in the Caribbean and Central America. After the American victory of the Spanish American war, the U.S acquired territories such as Puerto Rico, the Pacific island of Guam, the Philippines, and military access of Manila. America benefited from the colonization of Puerto Rico because of its natural resources and cheap labor force. America had a symbiotic relationship with Puerto Rico, as they were both producers and consumers. However, the colonization of the Philippine islands resulted in the bloodiest unknown war America had ever fought.
... exploration and the timeline of American colonization.The eventual success and expansion of the colonization of America would be dependent upon the ... components of the native Americans were well-established. The influences of this society on the “New World” would have far ... the production of textiles. The benefits of the “New World” and its native inhabitants were not just limited to settlements ...
There were many Americans who opposed the colonization of the Philippines and they were joined by ardent anti imperialists who were in principle against American Imperialism. Men such as Mark Twain, Andrew Carnegie, and Samuel Gompers feared polluting the American race with an inferior Asian population, and they believed colonization was immoral and against Americas commitment to human freedom. The rapid increase in population required more production, and importation of goods. The acquiring of land outside of America allowed for the expansion of trade. Hawaii was a major producer and exporter of sugar to the U.S. Later, when the U.S. colonized the island they established the large sugar plantations where they imported cheap Asian labor pushing the indigenous Hawaiian population into poverty. Also, the Island of Hawaii had been an important way station for American ships in the China trade since the early 19th century (Brinkley, 2007).
In 1887 a treaty was signed granting the United States Navy the rights to Pearl Harbor.
American government eventually gained power over the entire state in 1898. The Samoan Islands were also a way station for American trade. The navy, once again wanted land in the harbor at Pago Pago. Great Britain and Germany had an interest in these islands as well and a protectorate was drafted to split up the governance of the island to the 3 countries. Germany and America retained control of the islands and Great Britain was compensated with other islands in the pacific. After gaining control of the Philippines, America looked to China for increased trading opportunities. While England, France, Germany, Russia, and Japan desired to control regions of China, the U.S wanted China to maintain sovereignty.
President Mckinley adopted an open door policy in 1898 which allowed for America to trade freely with China without military interference. The operating principles of the open door policy were to respect the rights and privileges of other nations, and china could continue to collect tariffs. It was not only the Imperialist attitude of the Americans but the technological advances that empowered them to become successful in their endeavor. Advancements such as the telegraph, steamships, and railways made expansion possible. Despite the controversy that was sparked by the debate over imperialism, people such as Theodore Roosevelt and Henry Cabot swayed public opinion and fueled the imperialistic movement.
... speaking only areas. Also the people of Latin America are found throughout Florida and the Southwest. In ... holidays that are celebrated in Mexico and Latin America. Cinco de Mayo is celebrated throughout Mexico as ... Southwest is very similar to that of Latin America. Though some of the foods and restaurants aren ... Southwest actually is a part of Latin America because of the culture reflected in everyday life. ...
Walter, R. M. (2003, Jan 05).
The forefathers of imperialism. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/421953853?accountid=35812
Brinkley, A. (2007).
American History: A Survey (12th ed.).
Retrieved from The University of Phoenix eBook Collection.
Harris, S. K. (2006).
Imperialism and Anti-Imperialism. In T. Quirk & G. Scharnhorst (Eds.), American History Through Literature 1870-1920 (Vol. 2, pp. 496-504).