Andrew Johnson Andrew Johnson was born on December 29, 1808, in Raleigh, North Carolina, the youngest of two sons. His father, Jacob Johnson, was a porter who died in 1811 after saving a man from drowning. His mother, Mary McDonough Johnson supported the family by spinning and weaving cloth in their Raleigh cottage. At the age of 14, Johnson was apprenticed to a tailor. In 1843 Johnson was elected to the U. S.
House of Representatives and one for following elections to retain his seat until 1853. While in the U. S. House, Johnson supported President Polk and his handling of the Texas and Oregon settlements and the Mexican War.
Although hailing from a Southern state, Johnson was a staunch supporter of the Constitution over State’s Rights, a position which conflicted with many Southern legislators. Turning his sights back to state politics, Johnson won the 1853 Tennessee election and re election in 1855. Johnson’s star continued to rise, and his term as governor of Tennessee provided such benefits to the state as a public school system and a state library. On the eve of the Civil War in 1857, Johnson was elected to the U. S. Senate.
The final act leading to the Civil War occurred during Johnson ” service in the Senate. Johnson was a Southerner and supported the Fugitive Slave Law and defended slavery. He also supported Abraham Lincoln’s chief opponent in the 1860 presidential election, Stephen Douglas. However, he also spoke sternly against both secessionists and abolitionists as dangerous to the existence of the Union and the Constitution. By the 1860 presidential election, several Southern states had already formed a confederacy.
For a state to survive it must have three necessary charactersitics. The creation of an "other" to organize the population around a identity against another identity. Second, The infrastructural capacity to control the population within its borders, and thr id, a monopoly on force. A prime example is how the Nazi's used the Jews as a target for there created Nazi/Arian Race. The state must also ...
Abraham Lincoln won the November election winning forty percent of the votes cast, and in the following April South Carolina batteries bombarded Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor beginning the Civil War. Andrew Johnson warned that the dissolution of the Union would produce many minor countries ruled by various forms of government. In spite of Johnson’s strong support of the Constitution and the Union, Tennessee seceded from the United States. Johnson rejected the Confederacy and was the only Southern senator to remain in the U. S. Senate after secession.
Johnson’s support of the Union won acclaim in the North and infamy in the South. Eastern Tennessee possessed strong pro-Union factions, but pro-Confederacy forces from the central and western parts of the state secured the state for the South. When war erupted Tennessee was an early battlefield. Union victories in the state placed large parts of the state in federal control, and occupied areas were administered by appointed military governors. In 1862 President Lincoln appointed Andrew Johnson as military governor of Tennessee.
Johnson ruled with a firm hand silencing sources of anti-Union sentiment. Johnson held the military governorship of Tennessee until 1864. Preparing for the presidential election, foreseeing an imminent end to the war, and preparing for are-unification of the nation, President Lincoln urged the Republican Party’s leadership to drop his previous vice-president, Hannibal Hamlin, an ardent abolitionist from Maine, in favor of Johnson, a Southerner and a Democrat. President Lincoln defeated General George McClellan in the 1864 election, and Johnson became vice-president of the United States of America. Johnson took the oath of office in March 1865. The following month President Lincoln went to Ford’s Theater in Washington for an evening of entertainment and was assassinated by John Wilkes Booth.
... at some length. Andrew Johnson became President of the United States after the assassination of Abraham Lincoln in April 1865. As ... governor of Union-occupied Tennessee, his home state. Hence, Johnson owed his nomination as Vice-President in 1864 to Lincoln's effort to persuade ... in his rapid reintegration of the South into the union, Johnson made enemies of an influential faction in the Republican ...
Booth was part of a larger conspiracy to assassinate key members of the government. Andrew Johnson was a target of the conspiring assassins, but the assassin charged with killing the vice-president lost heart and did not attempt the assassination. Johnson became president on April 15, 1865. Johnson mirrored Lincoln’s views on a benevolent period of reconciliation with the South after the Civil War. However, there was a strong faction within Johnson’s inherited cabinet and within the Northern states that favored a policy of harsh retribution for the rebellious states. This radical faction within the Republican Party overrode Johnson’s plan for reconstruction and sought to destroy the political elements within the South which had been very influential before the war.
These actions caused resentment in the South and local opposition to federal legislation. Johnson vetoed many of the harsh measures passed by Congress, but half of these vetoes were overturned by majority vote. On July 31, 1875, in Carter’s Station, Tennessee Johnson died.