Blood Alcohol Level (BAL) MONITORING The amount of alcohol in your blood stream is referred to as Blood Alcohol Level (BAL).
It is recorded in milligrams of alcohol per 100 milliliters of blood, or milligrams percent. For example, a BAL of. 10 means that 1/10 of 1 percent (or 1/1000) of your total blood content is alcohol. When you drink alcohol it goes directly from the stomach into the blood stream. This is why you typically feel the effects of alcohol quite quickly, especially if you haven’t eaten for a while.
BAL depends on: 1. Amount of blood (which will increase with weight) and 2. The amount of alcohol you consume over time (the faster you drink, the higher your BAL, as the liver can only handle about a drink per hour — the rest builds up in your blood stream).
Understanding the effects of a rising BAL can be very useful in controlling drinking. Below are the consequences of various Blood Alcohol Levels, from a book by William R. Miller and Ricardo F.
Munoz called, ‘How to Control your Drinking: A Practical Guide to Responsible Drinking (1982): . 02 MELLOW FEELING. SLIGHT BODY WARMTH. LESS INHIBITED…
05 NOTICEABLE RELAXATION. LESS ALERT. LESS SELF-FOCUSED. COORDINATION IMPAIRMENT BEGINS… 08 DRUNK DRIVING LIMIT.
DEFINITE IMPAIRMENT IN COORDINATION AND JUDGMENT… 10 NOISY. POSSIBLE EMBARRASSING BEHAVIOR. MOOD SWINGS. REDUCTION IN REACTION TIME… 15 IMPAIRED BALANCE AND MOVEMENT.
Debra Cortese Theme Study-Advertising & Cultural Peters/TimonerAugust 1, 2004 Alcohol Advertising-Under Age Drinking In researching my report on alcohol advertising, I came across underage drinking and what influences someone under the age of 21 to drink. I today's society, I don't believe that the under 21 age group is influenced by alcohol advertisements, such as television and magazines, ...
CLEARLY DRUNK… 30 MANY PASS OUT… 40 MOST PASS OUT; SOME DIE… 50 BREATHING STOPS.
MANY DIE. As can be seen, the most reliably pleasurable effects of alcohol occur when BAL rises to about. 03-. 05. Alcohol researchers have discovered that low levels of alcohol have a specific effect on thinking; alcohol results in a reduction of ‘self-monitoring.’ (Hull & Reilly, 1986).
What this means is that small quantities of alcohol enable you to take your mind off yourself and your worries.
Not surprisingly, this effect reduces tension and enhances relaxation in many people. Some people find this effect so rewarding that they continue to drink. Unfortunately, these relaxing effects diminish as BAL rises above. 05. Instead emerge a host of negative effects, such as less emotional control, coordination and judgment impairment, hangovers and obnoxious behavior. One way of controlling alcohol is to learn to gauge BAL by internal sensations and to attend to the reinforcing signs of a low BAL.
Doing so will enable you to be more in control of how much you drink and, by focusing your attention on the initial pleasurable effects, be able to enjoy alcohol with less negative consequences. Blood Alcohol Level Charts are available in a number of resources. For example, ‘How to Control your Drinking: A Practical Guide to Responsible Drinking’ (Miller & Munoz, 1982) Contains tables which list BAL values by gender, weight, number of drinks consumed and number of hours drinking. THE FINAL CALL BREATHALYZER is a very useful tool in monitoring BAL. The one-time use breathalyzers are small glass tubes which contain yellow crystals that have been impregnated with a reactive chemical that turns green when alcohol is present. One must breath into the balloon provided and then let it deflate into the tube.
The BAL reading appears in about a minute. Final Call assesses BAL with a margin of error of plus or minus. 02. The Final Call Breathalyzer is useful because your BAL can be quickly assessed so that you get immediate feedback..