Individuals who imaginatively challenge the values of their time do so due to their need to reaction against dominant social forces which, it taken to the extreme, threaten to destroy human reality, the human soul, the identity of humanity itself and its relationship with nature.
Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein is an early 19th century cautionary tale examining the dark, self-destructive side of human reality and human soul. It is written in the Romantic era where society greatly valued scientific and technological advancement. Throughout the novel, Shelley expresses her concerns of extreme danger when man abuses science and all ethical values are disregarded. The implications of controversial experimentation and hubris enthusiasm could evoke on humanity are explored in the novel. Likewise, Blade Runner, a sci-fi film directed by Ridley Scott in 1982 is a futuristic representation of Los Angeles in 2019. The film reflects its key concerns of its time, particularly the augmentation of globalization, commercialism and consumerism.
Although not necessarily mutual, the naïve character begins to intimately bond with the dominant persona as a result of the sense of security and assurance they experience. The dominant characters in the lives of Mary Shelley and Ridley Scott happen to be their respective fathers. However, at one stage both composers had found the relationship with their father’s become progressively weaker for one reason or another. The composers may have found this difficult to comprehend, especially at a young age. Inevitably, this may have lead to them questioning society’s conventional perception of the impregnable father and child relationship where in Frankenstein it is the tortured relationship between Victor and the Monster and in Blade Runner it is the feeble relationship between Tyrell and Roy.
Troy's Battle with Anger Conflicts and tensions between family members and friends are key elements in August Wilson's play, Fences. The main character, Troy Maxon, has struggled his whole life to be a responsible person and fulfill his duties in any role that he is meant to play. In turn, however, he has created conflict through his forbidding manner. The author illustrates how the effects of ...
This concept is exemplified through the continuous use of demining nomenclature. For instance, sarcasm is employed to express Victor’s tortured emotions towards the “inanimate body”, “Beautiful!–Great God!” Shelley thus describes Victor to responders as an individual who exhibits the pessimistic emotion of disgust towards his own ‘son’, hence demonstrating a lack in family values. Through the use of repetition, “The lifeless thing”, Victor is seen again comparing what he has made to an ‘inanimate’ object, despite the creature now possessing some sort of soul, “convulsive motion…Breath”. This resonates further in the notion of a morbid father figure as he is seen to belittle what he has created. Furthermore, through the use of powerful gestures such as “lay at my feet” and “rushed out of the room”, Shelley begins to introduce a father who feeds on his hubris and thus creatively representing the contorted unnatural parent child relationship shared by both characters as a challenge to society to return to the values of traditional nurturing cooperation within a loving family. Similarly in Blade Runner, Tyrell is seen as the creator but embodies none of the qualities related with such a position.
When Roy visits Tyrell’s apartment responders are struck by the luxurious and papal style room, portraying Tyrell as being a supreme ruling figure. Roy is presented as the “prodigal son” but his creator or father offers him nothing. Scott illustrates a society where families are decrepit and provide no purpose. The audience begin to feel that the Replicants value family more than humans, “more human than humans”. “I want more life, Father!” This scene, through filmic technique, represents the epitome of Roy’s emotional development, as upon his realisation that the maker cannot “repair what he makes”, as “death is a little out of his jurisdiction”, he proceeds to, through close-up, low angled cinematography, kiss and violently kill his father. Scott repeatedly attempts to challenge responders about their own familial values. This is vividly captured through the quote “Rachel is just an experiment, nothing more”. Despite being the creator and the fatherly figure in her life he shows neither compassion nor sympathy to her needs. Subsequently, both composers attempt to challenge society’s perception through the use of characterisation and begin to illustrate a society where familial relationships are simply absent.
Effects of Evolution on Human Society The basic law of Darwinist concept of evolution is that simpler forms of life evolve into organisms that are more complex. If we look at social progress, it will appear that it follows the same pattern - from slavery to feudalism and from feudalism to capitalism. Now we live at the beginning of post-industrial era. Therefore, we can say that biological and ...
Throughout time, the advancement of science as such has become integral to the functioning of society. However, mankind’s transgression towards science has fuelled the augmentation of romantic individualism, globalisation and consumerism at the expense of abandoning humanity’s connection with nature and its positive values of valuing human life in its many forms, compassion and cooperation. Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein was written at a period where romanticism was developing, a time which focused on the sublimity of nature and on the power of the individual to achieve. This theme is evident throughout the novel and is used to emphasise the emotions of the characters and to suggest the binary ability of both humanity and nature to appreciate beauty whilst risking destruction. Shelley, throughout the novel, continually uses the sublimity of nature as a stimulating device for Victor, “A serene sky and verdant fields filled me with ecstasy.” Conversely, all values are lost when Victor’s creation becomes visible. The creature, which is considered symbolic of the industrial revolution, hence, advancements of technology, destroys this sense of sublimity, thus displaying the depleting human nature but in contrast the annihilation of the developing technology.
Correspondingly, Scott has also embodied his concerns for future economic values in his text. Throughout In addition, Scott employs various low camera angle shots of Tyrell reinforcing the idea of his authority. “Commerce is our major goal”, Tyrell states. Scott has also alarmed the viewer’s of the depleting dying earth, the scarce supply of nature. This is drawn from the 1980s concerns of pollution as a result of industrialisation Film noir, with the visual of the establishing shot combined with the tension created by the pleonastic soundtrack emotively highlights the effect of pollution and urbanisation. The only left are the apparent bonsai trees found in Deckard’s apartment. However, these trees are shown to be covered with chicken wire giving the responders the understanding that what’s left of nature is stunted as a result of being controlled by mankind. This is further Humanity can no longer exist within there own natural environment. Mankind by attempting to control the natural aspects of life have effectively lost their affiliation with nature.
Nature and human have always interacted throughout history, and the interaction of the two forces has evolved into a series of demands that people have put on nature to survive and develop. By contrast a minority of people have questioned the state of things and tried to figure out how humanity and nature can interact and develop together, and through their questioning they have come to define ...
It seems that inhabitants of this modern world are becoming blind to the moral and ethics that mankind used to once value sincerely. The world appears to have submitted to a wild mixture of controversial aspects of life such as drugs and violence which has forced mankind to display characteristics of uncivilised nature. Simultaneously, the contemporary world has become increasingly innovative creating highly sophisticated machines slowly adapting to humane qualities. One begins to ponder if technology and mankind will ever achieve a balanced relationship. This notion is vividly portrayed through Shelley’s Frankenstein and Scott’s Blade Runner. Both texts effectively issue a challenge to humanity through condemning ignorance and oppression. In the novel, Frankenstein, the viewers are bombarded with a vast amount of questions concerning the traits of a human being and how one may become integrated into society. The responders learn that it is an individual’s appearance that defines them and hence the Creature is continuously eradicated by each group he inhabits despite the fact that he saves a young girl from drowning and demonstrates a sense of compassion by cutting up wood for Felix’s family. This concept is further emphasised through the quote, “All men hate the wretched”, as the monster descriptively expresses his emotions to his creator. Through the novel, viewers also learn that humans are compelled by human nature to value each other. This is clearly not apparent as the creature is repeatedly judged and terminated by society, consequently converting him to annihilating the human race.
Ultimately, Scott and Shelley, through their composed text, imaginatively capture and challenge the established values of their time and through creative characterisation are able to embody their perception to their audience.
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