Patriotism Or Cosmopolitanism
Humankind would be a better place if we were all just citizens of the world. In Martha Nussbaum’s “Patriotism and Cosmopolitanism” she argues whether children should be taught in education to be patriotic or cosmopolitan. Nussbaum’s definition of cosmopolitanism is a person whose primary allegiance is to the community of human beings in the entire world. Nussbaum begins her argument by raising questions about education and how students ought to be taught that hunger in third world countries are problems of global problems and not the countries problem. She says “We should regard out deliberations as, first and foremost, deliberations about human problems of people in particular concrete situations, not problems growing out of a national identity that is altogether unlike that of others.”(P 1)
When Nussbaum says to be a citizen of the world one does not have to give up local identifications, she has a point. One can be patriotic of their homeland or the place of their residence,
President Pratibha Patil has called for the inculcation of a broader vision where people look at the universe as one world and at all fellow beings as belonging to one human race.
“We must return to the essence contained in all religions,” she said at Bharananganam in Kerala at the concluding function of the birth centenary celebrations of St Alphonsa, the second person of Indian origin and the first Indian woman to be canonised as a saint by the Roman Catholic Church.
PART II: Universal Forms of Religious Experience and Expression Chapter 3: The Sacred and the Holy Chapter 3 discusses the sacred or holy as the root of religious experience and practice. This chapter explored the nature of sacred power and the ambiguity of the sacred as taboo, that is, as the source of wonder and purity as well as of fear and danger. It also touches on the psychological or ...
“Every religion seeks the same goal, emphasizing the importance of working for peace and for promoting a feeling of universal brotherhood. All religions extol people to adopt a compassionate and tolerant approach. Love and affection are the cardinal principles underlying all religions. There is no religion that promotes disharmony,” Ms Patil said.
She said India could also be described as a land of religions. Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism germinated on its soil. Christianity, Judaism, Islam and Zoroastrianism.