Nowadays almost every family in developed countries have a car. The car is used every day to get around, go to and from work and to visit friends. However, should we use cars that much? Are cars a necessity? There are many points on both sides of the argument. Although cars give us freedom and convenience, they cause too much pollution and it is expensive to run a car.
One of the main arguments why cars are a necessity is the fact that cars give us freedom. Firstly, having a car allows us to live wherever we want. Without a car, we cannot imagine living somewhere where there is no public transport or is far away from service facilities such as rural areas in Australia. Without a doubt, cars give us more choices about where we live. Secondly, cars give us the freedom to go where we want when we want. For instance, with a car, we can go out at late night without worrying about the timing of public transport and can go further away from our home. Therefore, cars make freedom in our lives possible.
Another argument why cars are a necessity is the fact that cars bring convenience to us. Unlike a train or bus which we have to catch at a station, car is ‘door to door’ transport, which we might get in and out in the front the door. Additionally, cars are convenient for transporting goods. With a car, anyone, including disabled people can carry heavy stuff over long distances. Recently, the Department of Motor Vehicles in Nevada have issued Google with the first ‘self-driving’ car license to conduct on road tests. To drive a ‘self-driving’ car, all we need to do is to tell the car where we want to go and put your seatbelt on. That’s it. In the near future, even blind people will be able to drive a car to get around.
The review defines the nature of economic incentives and of non-financial incentives. Particular attention is paid to the need for developing countries to understand the impacts of health reform measures on incentives. A review of current literature found that the response of physicians to economic incentives inherent in payment mechanisms appears to follow directions expected in theory. Incentive ...
These arguments may appear strong reasons why cars are a necessity, but there are also reasons against. The strongest argument is the fact that cars cause too much pollution. Cars are one of the major sources of greenhouse gas emissions. According to a report from Federal Chamber of Automotive Industries, in Australia, road transport emissions account for 12.6 per cent of national greenhouse gas emissions, with passenger cars accounting for around 7.8 per cent of total national emissions. Furthermore, the pollution is produced not only by the cars on the road, but also by the manufacturing process of cars. More than 80 million cars were built in the world in 2011. A lot of pollutants were produced in the process.
Another argument why cars are not a necessity is the fact that the costs of running a car are expensive. Firstly, nowadays price of car fuel is more expensive than ever before. The price of crude oil today is about 60 times greater than in 1946, and is about 6 times greater than in 1990s. Secondly, the cost of parking of car is expensive too in the city. For example, the price of parking in the CBD of Brisbane is about 20 Australian dollars per hour. Furthermore, the costs of running a car also include car maintenance, road user charges and others.
In conclusion, the arguments why cars are a necessity are equal the arguments against. Though cars cause too much pollution and it is expensive to run a car, cars give us freedom and convenience. In my opinion, cars are a necessity or a luxury depending on where we live. If we live in the country, obviously cars are a necessity. However, if we live in the centre of a city, we do not have to drive a car every day.