The Viennese School The Viennese School is the reason for some of today’s most popular classical music. This school of composers started during the Classical Period 1740-1825. At the time the Austrian capital of Vienna the musical center for composers. Which soon became reason for many of the changes that were made to musical style composers came from all over Europe to train in Vienna in the classical time period.
One of the great composer that came to Vienna is Franz Schubert he soon started a style of music called Viennese School that made many changes to the style of music as well as changes to instrumentation. The arrangements became one form to another while keeping certain similar characteristics, music became lighter and more complex, and melodies and harmonies became more complicated with more separate parts happening all at once. The instrumentation that was popular also changed. Solos, trios, quartets, and quintets became popular, beside large orchestras.
The three composers that made the music, which are called the founding fathers of the Viennese School, are Mozart, Haydn, and Beethoven. These composers studied together sometimes with one taking lessons from another. Mozart took lessons from Haydn when he was a young musician, also Beethoven took lessons from Mozart. Beethoven was taught by Haydn. Mozart, Haydn, and Beethoven are known for their similarities in their musical style. They all seemed to follow a set of basic rules which were different from the rules in place during their time.
... reasons for student dropout form instrumental music at the middle/junior high school level perhaps raise as many questions ... "band classes too big." Most schools in the three counties surveyed provide beginning instrumental music instruction in band classes, and ... the lack of communication and encouragement from senior high school band directors is a continuing problem. Perhaps better articulation ...
Those and other composers are responsible for the changes made to music during the Classical Period. orchestra music and other music groups often had complex melodies and harmonies with the melody sometimes traveling back and forth between different groups of instruments. The composers in the Viennese School did not write only orchestra music they also composed solo concertos and music for smaller groups of instruments. The string trio and quartet became quite popular, and the quintet was also used. The music of the composers often used joyousness, which was easy for listeners and became very popular.
The same qualities that made the music popular has also been very popular with most of the listeners of modern times. Music of the Classical period emphasized a homophonic texture. Texture is the way the melody and harmony go together. Homophonic texture-music in which the melody and accompaniment are very different- is a texture that dominated the Classical style.
This means that one voice usually the high voice is the most important voice. Music of the Classical period was very structured controlled. It was tuneful and simple even the size of the orchestra was simple, usually with no more than 40 musicians. The Classical period has been called the Golden Age of Music because at the time the major forms of Classical music-the symphony, concerto, sonata, and string quartet-were fully developed. The Classical period also used balance and contrast. Sonata form also called ABA form was the most important musical form used during the Classical period.
Sonata form was based on a movement away from and back to a principal key. The sonata form was completely changed, a new four movement symphony was introduced. The beginning and the ending of Sonata form are the same, the middle section is different. This form gives you balance beginning and ending and middle contrast. Sonata principle is based on a movement away from and back to the key. Sonata form is used to create a drama by setting up a conflict between two keys in the show, working out this conflict in the development, and reaching a decision at the recapitulation The first movement and possibly exposition of one or more of the others was in what is called sonata form.
... classical period is best known for the symphony, a form of a large orchestral ensemble. The symphonic pieces generally had three movements, the sonata ... 's large size and diversity of instruments provides many different sounds and wide dynamic range. In classical music the composer strives for control ...
The first part being two or sometimes three contrasted themes. The second part is made of a development of these themes and a beginning exposition. Sonata form is employed in the string quartet. This type of sonata was fully realized in the Sonata and in B Minor of Franz Liszt. It influenced the development of all areas of orchestral and chamber music.
chamber music started around 1750 and has been string quartet, although string quintets as well as duets, trios, and quintets of four stringed instruments, plus a piano or wind instrument have also been popular. It is called chamber music because it was originally meant for private performance in a small hall or a person’s private chambers. chamber usually ranging from two to about ten players, with one player for each part and all parts of equal importance. Originally played by amateurs in courts and aristocratic circles, it began to be performed by professionals only in the 19 th century. Unlike later forms they were not for specific instruments but were usually played by voices and whatever instruments were at hand. Although the Classical Era lasted for only 70 years, there was a great change in the music that was being produced.
Which has greater effect on the music we listen to today.