Regions and colonies all around the eastern hemisphere were diverse and comparable in different ways from post World War II (1945) to present day. Aspects regarding economy and society like marches for independence and freedom predominated in the two regions. India and South Africa both reached economical stability and political equality by management of foreign investment and internal investment, providing different alternatives to established policies, and by establishing religious and social differences. Economy constantly changed for both nations, changing politics as well as leaders.
South Asia and Africa had different points of view on a constantly growing economy after times of devastation (WW2).
Both with different ideas of an ideal economy, but with the same goals, which made their economies grow differently until the current day. After World War II Jawaharlal Nehru, India’s first prime minister, desired to obtain the proficient route of transporting resources, which many fellow countries like Russia had. Jawaharlal saw the private sector as a waste of time and didn’t believe that the PSD method economy would give India economical advances.
After denying the Private Sector, Nehru developed the Economic Activity and Planning Commission (EAPC) which had managing and balancing the economy as main goal. The commission started of strong, but its low rate of change made the commission have poor results. No one denied the commission and eventually it reached economical stability, but it slow growth meant that the state enterprises were hurting public goods and resources. In 1980 The Indian nation believed in change when Nehru’s grandson came into rule.
The Term Paper on Hoffmann 1990 India China Nehru
The Role of Decision Making in the Pre-Crisis Period of India (15 March, 1959 - 7 September, 1962) Boyko Iaramov Introduction to International Relations Professor Bond More than thirty years have passed since the dramatic cling of arm in the remote Himalayan region of the Sino-Indian border. This Time gap seems to be appropriate for a correct reexamination of the conflict. The account of India's ...
Nehru’s grandson just created more liberal policies and bad economic decisions about foreign trade, which led India into a slow economical crisis. When Rajiv Gandhi came to power on 1984 he completely turned around Indian economy. Rajiv increased governmental support for science and technological industries and he reduced import quotas. Gandhi also founded the Jawahar Navodoya Vidyalaya system, which concentrated in the rural upliftment providing free education. Rajiv Gandhi’s reforms boosted India’s economy to a rate of 5. 6%. India’s actual GDP per capita in 2013 is 1,491$.
South Africa’s idea was similar to India’s, by having the same economical goal. Right after World War II in 1948, South Africa’s National Party won the elections and the Apartheid was established. The Apartheid led to economic imbalance and white people were privileged over black people. After the Apartheid was established, South Africa’s economy was by the floor because of civil wars and political corruption/ internal conflict. After many years of conflict South Africa had its first multiracial elections in 1994. The African National Congress (ANC) emerged with the purpose of recovering South African economy.
Even though economy was rising by attracting some foreign capital its rate was to slow to show fast progress. It was only until 2000 that president Thabo Mbekivowed promoted economic inflation by foreign investment and relaxing restrictive labor laws. By 2004 South African Economy saw the biggest change in history, enabling it to have an actual GDP per capita in 2013 of 8,078$. Both India and South Africa started from the bottom by bad country managing and central government, but foreign ideals of investment made their economies evolve.
Political instability in both countries led to a difference in manifestations in regards to government action over the country. The British left India after World War II and even though Indians though it was progressive for their country, it was only harmful. India’s crucial question was politics. Who would be the leader after the British left. India was not fully prepared for independence and disputes over power arose. The chaos started after Pakistan declared itself an independent nation. Jawaharial Nehru came to power with socialist visions. Nehru wanted India to re join back together by socialist means.
The Essay on South African Economy Africa Aids Problem
Crime is a huge topic in South Africa. There is a high crime rate occurring in the streets of the country. Statistics show that every 17 seconds a serious crime is committed, a murder occurs every half hour, and an assault or rape every three minutes. Blacks are the victims of most robberies and car jacking's, but the whites are the ones protesting most. The streets of South Africa have also been ...
His policies implied the improvement of India layed upon socialism. Nuhru was trying to improve life for the poor and replace the profit system with cooperation. Even though Nehru’s ideals were viable, many Indians were against his policies. Mohandas Gandhi was one the few people who provided a different way of improvement. Gandhi encouraged the rural life instead of the urban life. Massacres between India and Pakistan left only more political disagreement creating social statuses and classes such as the caste system. Many engagement took place (Indo-Pakistani) wars,
As Nehru’s grandson took power, things started to cool down as India’s economy was now self sufficient. Until this day political differences have created tension between these two countries. South Africa faced the same problem as Indian politics, which finally concluded in civil wars. After World War II the Apartheid was establishes, which brought many political disagreement by civilians, especially black people. These political disputes created a politically unstable South Africa, which could revolt at any moment. Nelson Mandela started his manifestation with peaceful protest, which had the same concepts as the one Gandhi made in India.
Even though he gained people support he was arrested for 27. Nelson Mandel became president in 1994 when the first multiracial elections took place. Political stability was brought back after many years of civil war. Both nations suffered from great internal hits like civil wars, which left the countries political stability hanging preventing development and advancement. Decolonization and social aspects of both South Asia and Africa had similar results, but the process in which it was achieved was outstandingly different in regards to religion, politics and economy.
World War II left many European countries weak, which enabled European colonies to take advantage of the situation and gain their independence. African nations where very independent and denied the idea of involving other ethnities in their lands, making their governments a self centered military power. Indians on the other hand used democracy to gain power of the masses. By using democracy Indians were able to get their independence united, but religious disputes and political corruption led to a never ending civil war. This civil war led to India’s fragmentation.
The Term Paper on Republic of South Africa
South Africa contains some of the oldest archaeological sites in the world. Extensive fossil remains at the Sterkfontein, Kromdraai and Makapansgat caves suggest that various australopithecines existed in South Africa from about three million years ago. These were succeeded by various species of Homo, including Homo habilis, Homo erectus and modern humans, Homo sapiens. Settlements ...
After decades of fighting India declared itself a democratic nation, favoring the amount of Hindus which over lapsed the Muslims, on the other hand African governments remained dictatorships and after several years some African countries like South Africa attained democracy. African decolonization was similar in many ways, but the outcome was different, as African countries such as South Africa abolished the civil war. India could not seize the political and religious instability causing prolonged civil wars, which still exist until current date.
Africa and South Asia are both similar and different in regards to political, economical and religious statements. Their politics both changed as colonizers came to exploit land in World War I, but as World War II vanished both political and economical advances where further implemented to achieve equality and independence. Both nations parted their ways and both achieved common goals, even though their methods and executions where different. Mahatma Gandhi and Nelson Mandela were known not only as heroes, but as creators of new development and new generations.