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, , … , , . , . -. II Yes, the United Kingdom judiciary independent of the Government. The main sources of law are legislation, common law and European Community law.
Legislation is a source of law which consists of Acts of Parliament, orders (rules and regulations made by ministers under the authority of an Act of Parliament) and by laws made by local government or other authorities exercising powers conferred by Parliament. Common law is the ancient law of the land deduced from customs and interpreted in court cases by the judges and forms the basis of the law. European Community law is law confined mainly to economic and social matters. The criminal law is law concerned with wrongful acts harmful to the community. The civil law is concerned with individuals’ rights duties and obligations towards one another. British criminal justice comprises four stages: making laws which define illegal actions preventing crime and enforcing the law determining in the courts the guilt or innocence of the people accused of crimes and sentencing the guilty dealing with convicted offenders The criminal law is sponsored by the government.
The Difference Between Civil Law and Criminal Law When is a legal problem criminal and when is it civil? What difference does it make whether it is criminal or civil? One way of looking at criminal law is that it is dealing with something of public interest. For example, the public has an interest in seeing that people are protected from being robbed or assaulted. These are legal problems that ...
The Institute of Criminology at Cambridge carries out criminological researches. The civil law is subdivided into family law, the law of property, the law of contract and the law of torts. There are Magistrates’ courts and the Crown courts in the United Kingdom. Magistrates’ courts deal with nearly all less criminal cases.
No, Magistrates are sitting in courts without a jury. Yes, it is. The Crown courts deal with more serious criminal cases. Yes, the trials of the Crown courts are held before a jury.
A jury is completely independent of the judiciary. III The criminal law deals with serious criminal cases. The civil law is concerned with individuals’ rights and obligations. Magistrates’ Courts deal with preliminary investigations and less criminal cases (without a jury).
The Crown Courts deal with trials of more serious criminal cases (and before a jury).
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II 1. The US Constitution divides power among legislative, judicial and executive branches of the government. 2. The head of the legislative branch is the Congress. 3.
The head of the executive branch is the President. 4. The head of the judicial branch the Supreme Court. 5. The Congress is divided into the Senate, or Upper House, and the House of Representatives.
6. The Congress has legislative function. It makes the laws of the country. 7. The executive division carries out the laws. 8.
The Cabinet takes care of such national business as defence, postal service, foreign relations, money and so on. 9. The highest judicial organ of the country is the Supreme Court. 10.
The federal government controls foreign relations, interstate commerce, defence etc. 11. The local government outlines the pattern of cities, towns, school districts and so on. 12. The city government keeps the citizens protected by maintaining a police and fire departments.
On November 5, 2008, I came to observe a proceeding in the King County Superior Court where the judge’s name was Shaffer Catherine. I did observe the closing arguments and the jury’s motion to the case in a criminal proceeding where subject of the case was assault in the second degree. Mark Alan Bell, as the defendant in the observed case, was charged with second degree assault for punching a man ...
III The Congress is responsible for making the laws of the country. The Cabinet is responsible for carrying out the laws of the country. The functions of the local government are to outline the pattern of the city, school districts. The functions of the city government are to protect people by maintaining a police department and a fire department.