The English, – symbol: the red rose, – Patron Saint: St. George, – Saint’s day: April 23rd. | Scotland: – flag: white diagonal cross on the blue ground, – capital: Edinburgh, – the people: The Scots, – symbol: the thistle, – Patron Saint: St. Andrew, – Saint’s day: November 30th. | Wales:- flag: red dragon on the white-green ground, – capital: Cardiff, – the people: The Welsh, symbol: the leek and the daffodil, – Patron Saint: St. David,- Saint’s day: March 1st. | Northern Ireland: – flag: red diagonal cross on the white ground, – capital: Belfast, – the people: The Irish, – symbol: the shamrock and the harp, – Patron Saint: St. Patrick, – Saint’s day: March 17th. | Shetland Islands –> 80 km the north-east of Orkneys Orkneys Islands –> the north of Scotland Hebrides Islands –> the west coast of Scotland Isle Of Man –> between England and Scotland
John O’Groat’s –> the northest point in Great Britain Land’s End –> the southest point in Great Britain LOCH LOMOND – the largest lake in Scotland BEN NEVIS – the highest mountain in Scotland and also in Britain LOCH NESS – also Scottish lake CLAN – type of Scottish family group (each clan has different pattern of kilt) Mc/Mac – it means “son of…”; Scots names begin in this way. HADRIAN’S WALL – Roman building across a whole country – it means Scotland; border between England and Scotland.
St Valentine's Day was supposedly started in the time of the Roman Empire. In Ancient Rome, the date of February 14 was a holiday to honor the Queen of Roman Goddesses and Gods, Juno. Juno was known as the Goddess of women and marriage. The next day February 15 was the first day of the Festival known as the Feast of Lupercia.On February 14 is was said that the young boys and girls of the villages ...
Highland Games: * it lasts May to September, * it is like Scottish Olympics, * there are hundred games, * the most important game is Braemar Gathering, because the royal family watches this kind of game, * the place where the queen stays to watch this kind of game is Balmoral Castle, * another games: tug of war, highland fling and sword dance which are dance competition. The Scotland is famous for: * kilt made of tartan, * bagpipe (musical, Scottish instrument), * Mc/Mac.
The Union Flag – or Union Jack – the emblems that appear on this flag are the crosses of three patron saints: – the red cross of St George, for England, on a white ground, – the white diagonal cross of St Andrew, for Scotland, on a blue ground, – the red diagonal cross attributed to St Patrick, for Ireland, on a white ground. Regions of Scotland: – Northern Highlands, – Central Lowlands, – Southern Uplands. The Highlands: – clan,- Mac/Mc,- kilt made of tartan,- Ben Nevis,- Loch Lomond,- Loch Ness,- tourism, fishing as main activities,- Highland Games,- Balmoral Castle. Southern Uplands:- Hadrian’s Wall. | Central Lowlands: – Edinburgh –> governmental, cultural, commercial, financial city: * Royal Mile (very historical street between the Palace of Holyrood House and Edinburgh Castle), * the Palace of Holyrood House (official residence where queen lives), * Edinburgh Castle (royal residence before England and Scotland were united), – Glasgow –> industrial centre: ship building, ship repairing; heavy industrial: * the River Clyde (connects the Glasgow with sea), Burn’s cottage, – Dundee –> heavy industrial city; fishing, – Aberdeen –> the main port of transport, the centre connected with oil. The Strait of Dover –> 20 miles (32 km) The Channel Islands and The Isle Of Man –> crown dependent territories; queen is the head of these territories and British government is responsible for defence for them; they have own Parliament, tax system and government.
Clearly, in such a populated country such as Great Britain, a Second Chamber of Parliament also known as the House of Lords is necessary. Although the House of Lords cannot execute much power, compared to the House of Commons, it is a vital part of British Government. The House of Lords plays an important part in revising, potentially delaying legislation and as well as keeping a check on ...
Hebrides –> now they belong to Scotland, but at the beginning they belonged to Scandinavia. The Shetland Islands and the Orkney Islands –> in 15th century these islands were given from Norway to Scotland without fight; Norway princess got married with English king. | The UK constitution is formed by: – Acts of Parliament,- Common Law (decisions made by judges which is repeated by people ),- convention (something should be done by President).
Function of Parliament:- to pass laws,- to provide money for the government (through taxes),- to control the work of the government,- to examine detail government policy,- to debate major political issues. | The House of Commons: – is made up 650 elected members, each of whom on one area, – they are elected at: * general election (every 4 years – whole country), * by-election (when MP represent resign or goes to House of Lords), – the SPEAKER –> the chief officer (the most important person) in the
House of Commons: * he keeps order, he supervises voting (he gives announcement after voting – he talks who voted against or for), * he announces the results (he doesn’t usually vote, only when there is the same number against and for), – the Speaker has the Clerk of House whose helps him, – session: one session last one year –> from October to November next year (everything has to be done), – meeting: Monday-Thursday (2:30 p. m. – 10:30 p. m. ), Friday (9:30 a. m. – 3:30 p. m. ).
The House of Lords consist of: the CHANCELLOR –> it is important person in this House; he is responsible for courts’ – LORD SPEAKER –> the most important person in this House but not as powerful as the Speaker in House of Commons; he can vote like another members, he cannot stop discussion and he hasn’t any influence for it, – LEADER OF THE HOUSE OF LORDS –> he is responsible for administration, – LORDS SPIRITUAL –> 2 Archbishops of Cantenbury and York and 24 bishops of England, – LORDS TEMPORAL –> hereditary peers (Earl of Marshal who organizes ceremonies;
Lord Great Chamberlan who is responsible for the Westminster Palace and he is really important during the coronation; and 90 elected peers), life peers (titles don’t inherit by another relatives against of hereditary peers).
Lord of the Flies, is the story of a group of boys of different backgrounds who are stranded on an unknown island when their plane crashes. As the boys try to formulate a plan to get rescued, they begin to separate, and a band of savage tribal hunters are formed. Eventually the boys almost entirely shake off the civilization of the world they once knew. When all the confusion of behaviour leads ...
Work of the House of Lords: – legislation, – examining government work, – examining European proposals.