There are many events concerning the rising and the falling of the Berlin Wall, I will attempt to explain some of them in my following report. The person responsible for the rise of the Wall was Walter Ulbricht. He was a longtime member of the German Communist Party. After 1958 the German Democratic Republic (GDR or East Germany) entered a new state of development. As a result of this a sharp rise of industrial output was ordered in East Berlin. This was a part of a Seven – Year Economic Plan to bring per capita consumption in the GDR up to the level of the Federal Republic or Germany (FRG or West Germany).
The one major loop hole of this scheme was the open border to West Berlin. Which hundreds of East Germans left the country daily. Most of them went underground and weren’t notice. Even regular spot checks by police had no effect because most people avoided it by making several trips few belongings at a time. This flow of refuges continued for about a six month period. After that it stopped for a little while, but as soon as the effect of the Seven-Year Plan began to be felt the flow of refuges arose again.
In 1959, it was a total of 144, 000 refuges and in 1960 it rose to 199, 00 and in the first seven months of 1961 it rose again to 207, 000. This included hundreds of professional people 688 doctors, 296 dentists, 2, 698 engineers. The total estimation of 2. 5 million people had fled between the years of 1949 and 1961. Although Berlin was politically divided after the end of World War II. To emphasize the point of and to stop the flow from East Berlin.
The Term Paper on Explain Why And How Hitler And The Nsdap Began To Attract Some Support From People In Germany Betwe
Explain why and how, Hitler and the NSDAP began to attract some support from people in Germany between 1919 and 1923. There were many reasons why Hitler got into power: the defeat in world war one, Treaty of Versailles, stab in the back theory, weak leadership, fear of communist/revolutions, economic impact of world war one, reparations, hyperinflations of 1923, French invasion of the Ruhr. In ...
It was physically divided by a wall in 1961. Fleeing the republic was now a criminal offense. The people of East Berlin were effectively locked in their country. In the summer of 1961 Ulbricht persuaded the Russians that force was the only way to stop the fleeing of all the people. Early Sunday morning August 13, 1961 the Wall went up. The GDR began to block off East Berlin from West Berlin by means of barbed wire and antitank obstacles.
Streets were torn up, and barricades of paving stones were erected, and tanks were gathered in crucial places. The subways and local railway services between East and West Berlin were interrupted. People of East Berlin were no longer allowed to enter West Berlin amongst them were 60, 000 commuters who had worked in West Berlin. The East German government severed telephone links between East and West Berlin and halted any border crossing that did not have official approval from the government. The following day construction brigades began replacing the provisional barriers by a solid wall. All roads came to a dead end at the Wall except for a three heavily guarded border crossings.
Those checkpoints were Alpha (Helmstedt) and Bravo (Drei linden), and the third was Charlie which was the most popular one. Until 1990, Checkpoint Charlie was the only crossing point for foreigners between East and West Berlin. The subway systems was rerouted into two separate systems. After August 23, 1961 citizens of west Berlin were no longer allowed to enter East Berlin. On September 20, 1961 the forced evacuation of house situated immediately at the border. People of East Berlin living within a 100 m to the border had to register.
The total length of the wall was 96 miles, 27 miles though the city center, and 23 through residential areas and 46 miles in other places. The concrete segment wall was 12 feet high. The wire mesh fencing on the wall was 42 miles long and the anti-vehicle trenches were 65 miles long. There was a total of 302 watch towers, and 20 bunkers around the Wall. The contact or signal fence was 79 miles long. Escaping was virtually impossible because mines, attack dogs and armed guards with shoot-to-kill orders.
The East Vs. The West: Racism The Asia/Pacific War proved to be a war that went far beyond that of defending the ideals of humanity or even trying to suppress or augment ones power by means of territory. This definitive outbreak and ongoing military rampage dove to the most critical and hateful ideals of our time: racism. Beliefs discerning the fundamental differences between the East vs. the West ...
People attempted to escape by climbing, vaulting, tunneling or crashing through checkpoint. Other attempted to swim the canals or stow away in cargo shipped across the border. Unsuccessful attempts resulted in death, mostly at the hands of East German guards. Total estimations show that more than 400 people had died trying to escape from East Germany and 120 of then by shooting and 160 were killed at the boarded. Although human-rights activists say the true figure could be closer to 800. There were 5, 000 people who succeeded in passing the Wall and 3, 200 who were arrested at the Wall.
The Wall was not just an international frontier between two countries, it was a front-line between to opposite ways of life. It was a border between communism and capitalism, totalitarianism and democracy and mainly represented the boarder between was and peace. Large numbers of East Germans fled to West Germany by way of Hungary, Czechoslovakia, and Poland. The border with West Berlin remained closed to East Germans until November 1989, when mass demonstrations throughout East Germany forced the government to allow citizens to travel freely. On November 9, 1989 the border between East Germany and West Germany was opened. The East German government ended its restrictions on immigration and travel to the West by its citizens.
The East Germans opened the 26 mile Wall that divided the cities and soon began to tear it down. A tidal wave of thousand made the way through checkpoints. At 4 am of 9/10 of November people were still celebrating shops were still open people crowding in to buy souvenirs. On November 10/11, 1989 the flow from East to West Berlin was endless. On November 11 th the first slab of concrete was removed from the wall to the cheering of thousands. On November 12 th the Wall was opened at Pots daren Platz which once was on of the busiest crossroads in Western Europe.
Germany On October 3, 1990, the states of the German Democratic Republic (East Germany) shed their last ties to their Soviet created structure and joined the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany). The 23 rd article of West Germany's 1949 constitution, the Basic Law, had been drafted specifically to allow for such an arrival from the East. But as the 1980 s drew to a close, few Germans on ...
On December 22 nd the Brandenburg Gate was opened. The Brandenburg Gate was a part of the soviet occupied sector, and when the Wall was built to separate East and West Berlin, the gate was sealed off in the stretch of land between the two sections of the divided city.