We have all heard the typical stereotypes of the “perfect body.” Who really has a perfect body anyways, and what does it look like? Are all girls supposed to be tiny and twig like, and are all guys supposed to be macho muscle men? No, and if this were true then that’s how we would have been created, but were not, so be proud of who you are. Thanks to media and today’s culture people are destroying their bodies. We cannot put all the blame on the media though, psychological and mental disorders such as depression, anxiety, guilt, the loss of control, and the need for attention, are among some of the factors that can lead to eating disorders. The three disorders commonly referred to are obesity, anorexia, and bulimia. Each disorder is dangerous to the body, and in many cases can lead to death. Eating disorders affect 70 million people worldwide, and in a single persons life approximately 50, 000 people will die because of this terrifying disease.
Obesity is the increase in body weight caused by excessive accumulation of fat. It can be caused by many factors including the ingestion of excessive calories, inactivity, and insufficient exercise. Overeating may also result as a pattern established by family and cultural environments, leading to an emotional dependence on food. Some experts, however, may say that obesity is based upon genetics and physiology, rather than a behavioral or psychological problem. There are many myths regarding obesity, for instance, those who are obese eat more than the non obese. A study in 1979 proved that 19 out of 20 obese individuals eat the same amount as the non obese.
Obesity has become a concern for many people in our culture. The obesity rate among Americans has gotten worse over the years. The topic of weight is very prevalent among people in today's society. Everywhere you look you see people of different weights and appearances. Tall, small, thin, wide, fat and skinny are just a variety of the words we use to describe people. Not many people are completely ...
People believe that obese individuals are emotionally disturbed, but although they deal with immense social pressures, they do not posses more or less emotions then others. Body fat is said to be unhealthy but in actuality some body fat is beneficial. Another myth is that the obese are at greater risk of cardiovascular disease. This is true with yo yo diets which cause weight to fluctuate throughout adult life. It is thought that obese people are lazy and unfit, but many do exercise and live longer than those who are thin, unfit, and do not exercise.
Everyone gets “fat” with old age. Weight increases with age because people become less active, metabolism slows, and you loose muscle mass. Obesity is not untreatable; radical treatments include shutting the jaw, stapling the stomach, and intestinal bypass operations. More traditional treatments include a diet limiting fat calories, exercise, emotional support, and support programs including over eaters anonymous. On the opposite end of obesity is anorexia, a disease which causes people to become severely skinny. It is an illness that usually occurs in teenage girls.
People with anorexia are obsessed with being thin. They lose drastic amounts of weight, and are terrified of gaining the weight back. They will continue to believe they are fat even though they are extremely thin. Anorexia is not just a problem with food and weight; it’s an attempt to use food and weight to deal with emotional problems. Most anorexic people are depressed and unhappy with their weight.
People with anorexia have side effects of dry skin, thin hair, and tend to feel cold all the time. The difference between anorexia, and another known eating disorder bulimia, is that people with anorexia starve themselves. They avoid high-calorie foods and exercise constantly. People with bulimia eat huge amounts of food, but they throw up soon after eating.
... developing the bulimia disorder later. Bulimia nervosa differs a bit from the anorexia since individuals suffering from bulimia don’t shun eating. Instead, people with bulimia usually consume ... many bulimics “binge and purge” in top secret and maintain body weight which normal or above normal, they can habitually hide their ...
People with anorexia think that there is not anything wrong with them. If you know someone who is anorexic the most important thing you can do to help is to love them because it makes them feel safe, secure, and comfortable with their illness. Anorexia is also a curable disease as long as the person is willing to accept that they have it. Doctors and treatment centers are available, but it’s up to the person to act before it’s too late. Similar to Anorexia, as stated before, is Bulimia Nervosa.
Bulimia is characterized by a cycle of binge eating followed by purging. This is done to try to rid the body of unwanted calories. The binge is different for all people. Some will consume thousands of calories, others will consume very few. Purging methods also range from self-inflicted vomiting, use of laxatives, excessive exercise, fasting, diet pills, and enemas.
Bulimics are usually people who feel insecure about themselves. They seek the approval from others, and often food becomes their sense of comfort. People with bulimia are harder to identify than anorexics because they do eat. Diagnostic criteria includes recurrent episodes of binge eating and recurrent inappropriate compensatory behaviour in order to prevent weight gain, such as vomiting, or use of laxatives. The behaviour occurs at least twice a week for three months, and self-evaluation is unduly influenced by body shape and weight.
There are drugs available that bulimics use to stay thin, but they can have dangerous effects. For example, Ipecac Syrup is a substance that helps to induce vomiting, and repeated use can cause heart muscles to weaken. Laxatives can also be used but have little or no effect on reducing weight. Laxative abuse can cause bloody diarrhoea, electrolyte imbalances, and dehydration. Other physical and medical complications caused by bulimia include: fatigue, irregular menstruation, depression, irregular heartbeats, edema, development of peptic ulcers and pancreatitis, cardiac arrest, and ultimately death. Eating disorders are all very serious and should not be looked over lightly.
Each disorder has its gruel ling effects, and in turn can kill someone you love or care about. They are all treatable with the right help, but please avoid becoming a victim. Love yourself, and your body, and don’t compare yourself with media figures. The average woman is 5’4′ tall and weighs 140 pounds. The average model is 5’11’ tall and weighs 117 pounds. Most fashion models are thinner than 98% of women.
... more difficult to change. Bulimia is often treated more successfully than anorexia, partly because bulimic ... throat from vomiting, and scars on the hand from inducing vomiting. Overuse of laxatives can cause ... a widely accepted theory, each person's body weight has a biological set point that ... bulimia and depression, bulimia is found to precede depression, but in this group of largely untreated people ...
Remember that beauty is only skin deep, but true beauty comes from within.