The visit to the local school brought a lot of memories of my good old days in school. Although the smell and the environment it is almost identical of the school that I attended in my country, I noticed some big differences regarding the way of management and teaching. In El Salvador most of the schools are k-12 and the Ministry of Education regulates all of them. Kindergarten is separated from the upper grades due to the fact that is not part of the state’s educational system. Since the government does not require sending kids to Kindergarten and it is not a prerequisite in order to start basic education, most of the families don’t send their kids to kindergarten in order to avoid expenses, consequently kids don’t have the required stimulus in order to develop the basic but crucial skills until they reach the required age to attend basic education. When kids reach the age of 6, they are required to start their education and it is divided as follow: Nine years of Basic Education divided in three cycles of three grades each:
1st Cycle: from 1st to 3rd grades
2nd Cycle: from 4th to 6th grades
3rd Cycle: from 7th to 9th grades; which are a transition to secondary education (e.g. specialized teachers for each assignment).
Two (or an optional three years technical program) of Middle Education, called bachillerato (Spanish for baccalaureate): Two year General Bachelor’s Degree
Three year Technical Bachelor’s Degree (e.g. Accounting, Secretariat, Electronics and Computer Science, etc.) If you want to pursue a higher education once you are done with school you have to attend a minimum of five years to a university. There are several options in order to attend to school, public education is the main path that every kid follows due to the low income and the high number of kids every family has, however, Public education is nevertheless inconstant in quality, being even extremely poor in rural areas and not so good in urban areas. There is only one public university in the country; yet, classes are constantly stopped as being a host for protests. However, the national educational system is not the only one available.
The problem is that middle school students in Texas do not practice leisure reading creating a deficit in their reading skills as measured by the National Center for Education Statistics. Texas students showed an upsetting lack of improvement in reading on the Nation’s Report Card. In 2011, the average score of eighth-grade students in Texas was 261. This was lower than the average score of 264 ...