The author suggests that all organizations should emphasize on teamwork and making decisions and sharing responsibilities and duties is a more effective way to get work done rather than giving one-person central authority and responsibility. Though I agree that teamwork is part of the fundamental tools on building a successful organization, I do not agree totally that central authority and responsibility is not effective.
Firstly, in a team, the group will not be able to make decisions and reach consensus. Individuals have their own views and ideas and groups are definitely more effective during brainstorming sessions. However, one person must make the final decision and bear the major responsibility. If the project can be divisible into smaller parts and assigned to individual team members to take charge and be responsible, it would not only enable the individuals to take up responsibility for their part of the project, it would also give them a sense of attachment to the project and give it their best. As a simple illustration, when our division sits in for a brainstorming meeting, though fruitful, we would not be able to move forward to materialize the ideas. Until the subsequent meeting, when we decided to divide the division where individual team member would have to report their updates. With this, we realized that our division gets creative ideas and most importantly, materializing the ideas quickly.
One of the pertinent areas that Islam highlights in its organization is in the aspect of the rights of an individual and his social responsibility. Islam believes that one of the means to realize justice is to harmonize individual rights and social responsibility. It is believed that the proper approach to this issue is very fundamental in order to achieve a thoughtful society, as opposed to the ...
Secondly, authority and responsibility goes hand in hand. When people are being assigned such authority and responsibility, they tend to be more motivated to excel, as there is a high degree of accountability for their actions. Another example from my company would be our recent quarterly category meeting where each subsidiary would present their departments along with the action plans to boost their sales, to our country manager. It is known that giving such presentation, the buyers themselves are held responsible for their action plan sand that they would have to follow through and be accountable for the results.
Thirdly, not all organizations enable decisions to be made over a longer period of time. In such organization, group decision-making would become too time-consuming and ineffective. Instead, central authority would be a more effective to make decision, especially if it dictates the life and death of a person. A good example would be an Intensive Care Unit (ICU) in a hospital, where individuals need to assume responsibility, delegate duties and make necessary decisions. In this department, spilt seconds decisions would save or jeopardize a patient’s life.
In conclusion, teamwork plays an important part of organizations in terms of brain storming of ideas. However, it is worthy to note that (a) groups will not be able to make decisions and that it is necessary for central authority to make the final decision, (b) individuals tend to be more responsible when they have been given the authority and responsibility to account for the decision making, and (c) in certain situations, especially where quick and accurate decision making is critical, the most effective way is for the identified leader to assume the role of decision making and ultimately be responsible to complete the task given.