Euclid’s most famous work is his treatise on mathematics The Elements. The book was a compilation of knowledge that became the centre of mathematical teaching for 2000 years. Probably no results in The Elements were first proved by Euclid but the organisation of the material and its exposition are certainly due to him. In fact there is ample evidence that Euclid is using earlier textbooks as he writes the Elements since he introduces quite a number of definitions which are never used such as that of an oblong, a rhombus, and a rhomboid. The Elements begins with definitions and five postulates. The first three postulates are postulates of construction, for example the first postulate states that it is possible to draw a straight line between any two points.

These postulates also implicitly assume the existence of points, lines and circles and then the existence of other geometric objects are deduced from the fact that these exist. There are other assumptions in the postulates which are not explicit. For example it is assumed that there is a unique line joining any two points. Similarly postulates two and three, on producing straight lines and drawing circles, respectively, assume the uniqueness of the objects the possibility of whose construction is being postulated. The fourth and fifth postulates are of a different nature. Postulate four states that all right angles are equal. This may seem “obvious” but it actually assumes that space in homogeneous – by this we mean that a figure will be independent of the position in space in which it is placed.

### The Essay on Work Of Euclid For Geometry

... the point parallel to the original line. Euclid was unable to prove this statement but he needed it for his proofs, so he assumed ... However, the format of Elements belongs t him alone. Each volume lists a number of definitions and postulates followed by theorems, which ...

The famous fifth, or parallel, postulate states that one and only one line can be drawn through a point parallel to a given line. Euclid’s decision to make this a postulate led to Euclidean geometry. It was not until the 19th century that this postulate was dropped and non-euclidean geometries were studied. There are also axioms which Euclid calls ‘common notions’. These are not specific geometrical properties but rather general assumptions which allow mathematics to proceed as a deductive science. For example:-

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