I agree with the claim that how stable a society is depends on how it reacts to both the extremes of human behaviour, positive and negative. If we go back in time to see how society gradually evolved, we ” ll see that the very basic reason for the formation of societies was to exercise a controlling influence on human behaviour. Early man began to hunt animals in groups. These groups became the tribes. Each tribe was governed by a set of primitive laws.
Perhaps it was forbidden to kill a member of your own tribe. Also positive behaviour was rewarded, in the form of titles etc. These tribes gradually metamorphosed into today’s societies governed by a much more comprehensive set of laws. There are different types of societies in the world today. On one hand we have the liberal Western societies and on the other we have fundamentalist societies like in Afghanistan. In fundamentalist societies, we often find brutal punishments for crimes.
A thief may have his right hand cut off as punishment. These punishments, though inhuman, serve as a very effective deterrent and help to keep in check a society fraught by violence, poverty and illiteracy. That is the reason why such societies continue to exist even today. Rewards for positive extremes often are very rich leading to kingships or chieftainships. Some may argue that the Western societies despite being more humane in punishments and less rewarding in nature also have managed to survive. This argument though seemingly plausible is faulty.
When it comes to behaviour it can be easy to focus on what we need to stop children from doing. The problem with this approach is that it does not help children know what they should be doing. This means that nowadays there is much more emphasis on encouraging positive behaviour . A good starting point is to think about the positive behaviour or goals that you should be encouraging in children. ...
Even in Western societies we have capital punishment. But due to their advanced nature, such societies manage to preserve their stability by other means. Punishment has taken the form of economic sanctions threatening livelihoods. Benefits have become more intangible. But the basic premise that bad behaviour should be punished and good rewarded still holds good. Human nature is such that it is easier to do evil than do good.
Thus given a choice very few people would like to remain good when others happily do evil. If thieving was not punished, one would have to resort to thieving just in order to get one’s stolen possessions back. People need an incentive to be good and a deterrent not to be bad. We must take into account that in absence of such reactions of the society to extreme behaviour, anarchy would rule supreme. If there had been no deterrents to killing each other, early man would never have managed to survive. A society which does not respond appropriately to such extremes will become weak and ineffectual and lose its raison d’etre.
By suppressing extreme negative behaviour and encouraging extreme positive behaviour, a society sets an example for its citizens. human behaviour is analogous to a color spectrum bounded on the fringes by black and white. Most people fall however into the shades of gray in the middle. Society recognizes the fact that everyone cannot be very good. But by setting such precedences, it manages to pull the great majority of people towards the positive side of the spectrum.
Thus, the stability of a society hinges on how it deals with the extremes of human behaviour paving the road for moderate behaviour. RAMA.