Voyage Jennifer Smith HS130 -04 Unit #4 Assignment Kaplan University March 22, 2013 Hello everyone, this is Tanya I am about to take you on a very interesting voyage in to our patient Peggy Jones who is currently a healthy female of 35 years.
I am going to need some help with getting me in to the sub and in to Peggy’s Femoral vein, to do this I need someone to put me through a process which is called miniaturization process that will make me only 8 microns long I will use a miniature sub and my assistant Chris will inject me in to Peggy’s femoral vein in which I will use as my thorough way to get to Peggy’s lungs and coming out through her nose. I need to do this because I was just informed of a bacterium invading the lungs of my patient Peggy.
Here we go as Chris injects me in the femoral vein, which is considered to be one of the largest veins in the venal system and is located at the right of the thigh and runs close to the femoral artery. This vein returns blood in the leg to the heart via the iliac vein. Moving north we will pass through a structure that is called the inguinal ligament. This ligament forms like a band that runs from the anterior superior iliac spine to the pubis area of the spine. (Yahoo health 2012) The inguinal ligament serves as a base to the inguinal canal because hernias can easily form at that spot.
... of hernias which occur in the groin: femoral hernia and inguinal hernia. However, the focus of this ... in men; in women, this canal holds a ligament which is connected to the uterus (Milton College ... paper will be on inguinal hernia. Inguinal hernia is the type of hernia which ... /hernia. htm>. Laparoscopy Hospital. Laparoscopic repair of inguinal hernia. 2001. 21 June 2008 < www. ...
Continuing to move up the vein we will pass through the external iliac which is formed with the common iliac on our way to the small intestines. Look really close and you should be able to see most of the colon. The veins of the common iliac are the vessels that bring the blood to the heart. The heart has two veins which are joined together and form the inferior vena cava. The function of the inferior vena cava is to bring de-oxygenated blood from the legs as well as any other lower regions to the right atrium.
While we are here at the inferior vena cava let’s look around and see what it has to offer us. The vena cava are the 2 largest veins of the body, they carry de-oxygenated blood like the inferior vena cava. The vena cava carries de- oxygenated blood from other parts of the body to the right atrium of our heart. We are coming to the end of the vein we are rushed in to the right atrium of the heart along with the blood flow. The right atrium is the upper right chamber of the heart. This where we see receiving the deoxygenated blood in the heart.
The atrium is positioned anteriorly to its left side counterpart. Sine we have entered the right atrium of the heart via the inferior vena cava which means we are currently at the bottom of the heart and can look up and see the right atrium surrounding us. The right atrium is made up of smooth muscle and is separated by an internal ridge. We are now moving faster as we are pumped through the pulmonary valve which will bring us in to the pulmonary arteries which will be our pathway to the lungs. The pulmonary arteries are the structure that carries the deoxygenated blood to the lungs to be oxygenated.
As we reach the lungs you can see that the blood is very rich in oxygen as it should be due to the fact that the lungs are a vital respiration organ we need to survive without any assistance. We can see the lungs have a spongy and soft texture, the lung is also honeycombed with epithelium that has a larger surface area than the whole outer surface area of the lung itself. As we can see when Peggy breathes the lungs contract under the pressure of the diaphragm and the absorption of the oxygen occurs.
... 5 cigarettes. Marijuana can also contain harmful contaminants.Salmonella bacteria or aspergillus fungi may infect marijuana and cause lung ... oscillation is still present, your blood pressure may elevate alternating with low blood pressure and body temperature may elevate as another ... Hanes, pg.19 ) Marijuana moves quickly through the body and goes through the blood stream and the brain as well as all ...
When this happens the oxygen spreads through the alveoli to the rest of the body. Our immune system is very important because it protects our body and vital organs against infections and bacteria that can affect our health and the condition of homeostasis within the body. This is why the immune system is very important, it help the body fight against outside invaders that are trying to overtake our bodies. The components of the Non-specific immunity act as barriers and or eliminators of pathogens that attempt to invade our body.
Non-specific immunity is also known as Innate Immunity, The response that is activated by the Non-specific immunity is considered to be a natural reaction that the body has to outside sources that try to invade our body. Non- specific immunity is an immunity that we are born with and carries with us our whole lives. This response of the Non-Specific immunity provides the body with resistance to diseases and bacteria through many different chemical, cellular and physical processes. When a bacteria or microbes enter our body and encounter the epithelial layers our physical barriers start to begin to work against the bacteria.
Some of our physical barriers are our skin and mucous membranes, which are our main source to begin the fight against bacteria. This then begins the process of our bodies fighting the bacteria by us having fever and phagocytic activity which is due to the inflammatory response of the immune system to the bacteria and microbes. When this happens the non-specific immunity has used cellular component of our body’s defense from bacteria. The Specific Immunity adapts itself to the bacteria or pathogen trying to invade our bodies, when our specific immune system encounters a bacteria or pathogen a response is activated.
This response causes the specific immunity to generate a pathogen specific response. There are two different kinds of specific immunity, natural acquired immunity which is an immunity that we gain through contact to a disease causing agent occurs non-deliberately. There is another type of specific immunity which is called artificial immunity which occurs when a disease causing agent is introduced to our immune system deliberately. Some examples of this would be vaccinations and or other deliberate actions.
... -specific, anti-microbial agents which work in conjunction with adaptive immune responses to provide a more effective system (Downie et. al., 1995).ADAPTIVE IMMUNITY ... most efficient against antigens dissolved in body fluids, that is extracellular pathogens, primarily bacteria whereas cell-mediated immunity is most effective against intracellular ...
The specific immunity is different from the non-specific immunity because it is acquired in the course of the development of human body and its immune system. The specific immune system works against a specific antigen or disease causing agent, where nonspecific immunity represents a complex antigen that protects the body from numerous diseases and health problems. Now it is time for me to continue on my journey to exit Peggy’s body, as we depart from the alveolar membrane to the trachea, we pass through the trachea to the epiglottis which leads us to the nose.
We approach the nose and are getting ready to be expelled through Peggy’s nose. This was a very fun and learning experience about the anatomy of our body. References 1. Thibodeau, Gary and Patton, Kevin Structure & Function of the body 13ed 2. www. cliffsnotes. com › Sciences › Anatomy & Physiology 3. C Le Morvan, D Troutaud… – Journal of Experimental …, 1998 – jeb. biologists. org 4. Coico, R. et al. (2003).
“Immunology: A Short Course. New York: Random House.