French And Indian War In Pennsylvania By Louis M.Waddell & Bruce D. Bomberger Bomberger and Waddells book The French and Indian War in Pennsylvania, 1753-1763: Fortification and Struggle is one of the best works that describes the events of American colonial war between England and France. This book is equipped with numerous maps, photos and drawings and this doubles its value, as it allows better visualization of this period for all those whore interested in this topic. The French and Indian War is written primarily for scholars, as it gives a precise fort locations and goes great length describing their inventories, yet this book can also be an excellent tool for students and for people who are generally interested in the history of this particular period. Many people, engaged is genealogical research, will also find French and Indian War helpful. The main thesis of this book is that events of French and Indian war in Pennsylvania have laid a foundation for United States, being able to gain an independence from Britain, in the future.
So far, this war was thought exclusively in terms of imperialist expansion. The Great European powers England and France were trying to strengthen their positions in the New World as well as they were competing in Europe. Some historians think of French and Indian war only as a reflection of events on European continent. Yet, Bomberger and Waddel prove to us that: English victory in the war not only decided the colonial fate of North America, but in the same time, it also sowed the seeds of the eventual colonial revolution After the War, British raised taxes, which resulted in massive colonial discontent and added to the budding nationalism that eventually exploded in the Revolutionary War. (Bomberger and Waddell, p. 103).
The French & Indian War, 1754-1763, changed the political, economic, and ideological relationship between Great Britain and the American Colonies permanently. The war resulted in three major changes, the Colonists beginning to reject British rule, refusing to pay taxes, and the loyalties toward the mother country beginning to break. These changes in the relationship of the Colonies and Britain ...
The French and Indian War in Pennsylvania takes us back to the time when French began losing their influence in the areas of Ohio and Mississippi rivers over the fact that too many Englishmen were settling down in these territories, claimed by France.
De facto, this area was becoming English, although officially in belonged to France. This, of course, sooner or later would result in clash between two imperial powers. In 1752 French adopted policy of building up the string of forts that were to connect Louisiana and Quebec, thus preventing English from expanding westwards. Yet, since they failed to provide the influx of new settlers to this area, French were bounded to sustain failure in their attempt to secure their possessions in America. Both authors stress out the importance of this thesis, because military defeat alone would never cause French to retreat from the area. French and Indian War in Pennsylvania also considers Native factor in this war as one of the most important ones. In fact, Bomberger and Waddell think the time when many Indian tribes allied themselves with English in 1759, as turning point in this war.
This fits into the modern vision of Native peoples role in those events, which gives another credit to French and Indian War in Pennsylvania. In this book authors break away with the trend among the historians to undermine Native influence. Bomberger and Waddells book is also not without some shortcomings. In my opinion, authors couldve expanded more on how events of French and Indian War were influenced by Seven Years War between France and England in Europe. This is also very important if are to get a clear picture of what was happening here in America at the time. In my opinion, economic relations between European settlers and Indians have played a much bigger role then authors prescribe them.
It is important not to overlook this factor, as commercial profit was becoming more and more important as main reason for every European war, since the advent of industrial era. The medieval concept of gallant war is first being challenged in 1755 at Fort Duquesne, when close to 1000 English soldiers were killed, while approaching this French outpost in traditional European patterns. Ever since, French and Indian War became to be a series of hit-and-run skirmishes. Bomberger and Waddells approach to the events of this war is purely historical, while this war was more than just a military conflict. Yet, as a whole, French and Indian War in Pennsylvania stands as one of the finest examples of well researched historic books, dedicated to colonial period of American history..
Introduction The Western Front during the course of World War I was a virtual stalemate. There are a number of reasons for this lack of movement including tacticalunderachievements, technological improvements, and the hindrances caused by massive opposing armies in a small, restrictive area. These, however do not include the very important and often overlooked reason: lack of good leadership. ...