George Washington Carver
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Carver was born a slave in Missouri. Although is exact birth date is unknown it has been
narrowed down to July 12, 1861. Carver was only an infant when his dad was killed an
he, his brother and mother were kidnapped. He was then orphaned and Moses Carver,
his owner, bought George back in exchange for a horse. The horses value was
estimated at 300 dollars.
Carvers first schooling took place in a single room school house for black children. After
regular schooling, he enrolled at Highland University. He had the grade but due to the
fact that he was black he was denied. He then enrolled at Simpson College in Iowa
where he worked as a cook to pay of his tuition. Carver wander to be an artist and he
also showed promise as a painter. His art teacher steered him away from art and
encouraged him to enroll at State Agricultural College in Ames. There he earned his
bachelors degree. He then went to the Ames Experiment Station where he was
employed by Louis Pammel.
In 1896, Carver went to Tuskegee Institute to lead the newly established department
For the rest of his life, Carver put together a laboratory, made useless and over-farmed
land farmable, and continued research. Much of the land in the South had been
over-farmed. All of the soil’s nutrients had been depleted by the cotton and tobacco
... different wild flowers during art class. He enrolled in Simpson College in Indianola, Iowa. Carver was accepted by the college despite that ... help him further his education. George Washington Carver was the first African American to enroll in the Iowa State College of Agriculture ... a teacher notice that Carver always drew sketches of plants, and suggested to him that he should enroll in Iowa State ...
plant. Carver improved soil with his own blend of fertilizers. He also advised farmers to
plant peanuts and sweet potatoes, he told them this would help the soil. So many
farmers did this and were stuck with peanuts and sweet potatoes. So he made over
300 bi-products from plants such as cereal, oils, dyes, and soaps. In addition, Carver
developed a “school on wheels” to teach farmers from Alabama the essentials for soil
Carver had experimented with various types of fertilizers. He grew huge vegetables with
these fertilizers. He also crossed a long stalk and a short stalk of cotton to produce a
new plant known as Carvers Hybrid.
Carvers many achievements made him easily promotable to high salary jobs but he
refused a raise and he stayed with the 1500 dollar annual salary he started with during
his first year of employment.
Carver published a total of 44 books and received countless numbers of awards, metals,
In 1940, the Carver Research Foundation was formed at Tuskegee. He volunteered
almost all of his life savings to this institute.
George Washington Carver died in 1943 at the age of 82. Congress made January 5th of
each year as a day to honor Carver and his achievements.
1991 Encyclopedia Americana
1995 Microsoft Bookshelf
1994 Academic American Encyclopedia