NEED FOR THE STUDY:-
Most of the self reported ratings of hearing disability which are available in Indian languages are weakly correlated with clinical measure of hearing impairment (e. g. speech intelligibility) and objective measures of benefit (Horwitz & Turner, 1997).
The modified version of APHAB which was basically designed for Non-linear hearing aids is not available for the persons with hearing impairment, mainly who speak Hindi language for communication in India. Therefore, being Hindi as recognized by constitution of India, as national language, there is a need to adapt this self reported questionnaire in Hindi to assess hearing aid benefits for Hindi speaking population.
AIM OF THE STUDY:-
The present study has been undertaken as a preliminary attempt to adapt the APHAB questionnaire in Hindi and to test the reliability on Hindi speaking population.
OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY:-
1. To adapt APHAB from English to Hindi.
2. To test the reliability of the adapted APHAB.
1. Translation from English to the target language will be performed by an individual who is well versed in Audiology & hearing aids & who has the target language as his/her first language. The translator carefully follows the design principles of the original version.
... control and influence these adaptations. In everyday life I adapt my language to suit and meet the other person’s expectations. I ... will be investigating the ways in which my own spoken language is adapted in different situations and how the responses of other ... Explore the ways your own spoken language is adapted in different situations and how the attitudes of other people ...
2. The translation will be then “back-translated” from the target language into English. The back translation will be performed by a second individual. This person must be unaware of the original wording & very fluent in both the languages.
3. The back translation is then checked against the original wording to ensure that each translated item captures the nuances of the original English wording.
4. If there are differences in nuance between the original version & the back translated version, the translation is modified to improve the correspondence between the two versions.
5. A sample of 30 hearing impaired subjects (age range- 20yrs and above) will be taken and the translated APHAB will be administered and the scores will be analyzed.
6. The study will be conducted as per the availability of the cases and the target population will be north Indian Hindi Speakers.
7. Research subject consent will be taken in the APHAB questionnaire.
MATERIALS TO BE USED:-
RECORDING OF SAMPLE:-
Adapted Questionnaire will be given to each subject & instructed to answer the questions according to the instructions given there in. Rating will be done according to the scales EC, RV, BN, AV.
STATISTICAL ANALYSIS:- Suitable statistical analysis will be done for:
Reliability of the adapted APHAB from samples of 30 hearing impaired subjects using hearing aid.
IMPLICATION OF THE STUDY:- This study will make the way for adaptation of APHAB in the Indian population with more accurate result. This will make the hearing care professionals to work on Indian with more comfort as well as the Indian hearing impaired individual will also feel free to understand & answer in his/her National Language. In toto this will make the researcher to improve the technology of hearing aids & simultaneously it will make aware of the benefits of the hearing aid to both the researcher & hearing aid user of India. This will also help the hearing care professionals in convincing the benefits of a particular hearing aid technology.
... and do some alterations in order to make the translation intelligible. Otherwise, the translated text may lose its significance and become meaningless ... translation purpose justifies the translation procedures”. But problems arise when the translation purpose is not in line with the communicative intentions of the original ...