Analysis essay “Guernica” By Izzi El-ali
Pablo Picasso was born 25th of October 1881 in Malaga, Spain until he died on the 8th of April 1973, aged 91, as famously known from his paintings, drawings, sculpture, printmaking and ceramics.
One of Picasso’s famous artworks is called “Guernica”, his most powerful political statement. Picasso painted the Guernica in just three weeks just over the hearing of the bombing of the town of Guernica during the war in 1937. Picasso’s Guernica is a huge mural on canvas in black, white and grey which was created for the Spanish Pavilion. In Guernica, Picasso used symbolic forms, that are repeatedly found in his work.
The painting was painted as a immediate reaction of the devastating casual bombing practice on the towns of Guernica during spainsh civil war.
Pablo’s artwork of “Guernica,” shows the violence and suffering in the civil war in each individual, especially the innocent civilians. The painting reminds us of the suffering, tragedies of war, and symbols.
“Guernica” was displayed for everyone to see and an idea of what had happen during the civil war, this became famous and brought more attention to the worldwide.
Picasso was an impressionist painter. His father was a painter and an art teacher, he was encouraged by him to paint. During his whole life, Picasso created 20,000 artworks and sculptures and the Guernica was one of them.
... surreal in nature, and many were highly detailed realistic paintings. The paintings themselves speak volumes for the hardships the soldiers faced ... I believe it is truly effective. Through examining the various artworks in this exhibit I have found many styles never known ... religion being tossed aside during war, a time were instinct is your only chance of survival. The painting uses very cool colours ...
Guernica was a form of cubism, there are different types of lines for detail and it creates shape. Picasso uses formal art elements in Guernica to create a still life image. The symbolism he used includes a dying horse, a woman caught in a burning building, and an anguished mother with a dead child, the light bulb and the sun.
The painting uses black, white and grey to express pain and chaos. The black and grey tone in areas of almost flat colour ans repeated shapes (example the eye and the sun) and patterns (the horses hair) all those techniques help to focus the viewers eye on what is really happening in the paintings. The black and white were the symbol of death. The message the painting is shows, is Spanish darkness and the suffering of innocent people. Art historian Patricia Failing said, “The bull and the horse are important characters in Spanish culture. Picasso himself certainly used these characters to play many different roles over time. This has made the task of interpreting the specific meaning of the bull and the horse very tough. Their relationship is a kind of ballet that was conceived in a variety of ways throughout Picasso’s career.”
In my opinion I think Guernica is very interesting, it has many symbols, meanings and messages. There a lot of emotion and is appealing to my eye.
this artwork gives me the idea of how people were during the civil war. Looking at the artwork you feel sorry for them especially the innocents who suffered.
The Guernica is a powerful statement of the the civil war. Pablo Picasso has talent in his paintings, that the viewer is able to see and to understand the emotion in his paintings and to respond to them. This artwork clearly shows the art elements and the message and meanings of each symbol in the painting.