The Data Protection Act 1998 (DPA) is a United Kingdom Act of Parliament which defines UK law on the processing of data on identifiable living people. It is the main piece of legislation that governs the protection of personal data in the UK. Although the Act itself does not mention privacy, it was enacted to bring UK law into line with the EU data protection directive of 1995 which required Member States to protect people’s fundamental rights and freedoms and in particular their right to privacy with respect to the processing of personal data.
In practice it provides a way for individuals to control information about themselves. Anyone holding personal data for other purposes is legally obliged to comply with this Act, subject to some exemptions. The Act defines eight data protection principles. It also requires companies and individuals to keep personal information to themselves. •Health and Social Care Act 2001 (Section 60)
This guidance is intended for those wishing to obtain identifiable patient information, data controllers who are asked to supply identifiable patient information and Research Ethics Committees who are asked to advise on the ethical disclosure and use of identifiable patient information: in circumstances where patient consent has not been obtained, and there is no other reliable basis in law to permit the disclosure and use of identifiable patient information. •Human Rights Act 1998
An Act to give further effect to rights and freedoms guaranteed under the European Convention on Human Rights; to make provision with respect to holders of certain judicial offices who become judges of the European Court of Human Rights; and for connected purposes. Information must only be shared with any party if it is fair, lawful, relevant and appropriate to do so. Everyone has the right to a private life In terms or social care workers, it is important to strike a balance between an individual’s right to confidentiality and the rights of the carer to be able to exercise his or her responsibilities.
1. DATA MINING 1. 1 INTRODUCTION TO DATA MINING The past two decades has seen a dramatic increase in the amount of information or data being stored in electronic format. This accumulation of data has taken place at an explosive rate. It has been estimated that the amount of information in the world doubles every 20 months and the size and number of databases are increasing even faster. The ...
Social care workers have a duty to keep any information relating to an individual securely, for example, daily notes, MAR sheets and financial statements could be secured in a cupboard which individuals should have access to. Information should be recorded accurately and factually in the appropriate way as stipulated in policy and procedure, and records should be kept up to date.
It is important to respect the privacy and dignity of others whilst keeping individuals safe, and to share relevant information only if is appropriate to do so, for example, sharing any health care information or concerns with GP’s, specialists or other health care professionals. Other practitioners in social care could be helped to understand the importance of handling information securely by discussing the subject with their colleagues or line manager who will already know what systems of security are in place.
Any security measures in place such as cupboards for storing records or safes for securing financial information should be fully explained to all practitioners in any social care setting and their responsibilities in terms of handling, recording and reporting information should be made clear. Practitioners should also be made aware of any relevant legislation which they should look at such as company policy and procedure, which should be available on site.
Additionally practitioners should be encouraged where they can to attend all relevant training in safeguarding or data protection so that they are aware of their responsibilities as employees. Company policy and procedure in any social care setting should provide all practitioners with up to date and full information which sets out the different systems in place to record information in line with confidentiality law, so that all practitioners know what is expected of them.
Keeping children healthy and safe is very important. To ensure children’s health, safety and wellbeing every home nations has sets of standards or welfare requirements which settings must meet. The standards vary from country to country, but they all exists in order to protect children. Child care practitioner need to be familiar with minimum Welfare requirements, Safeguarding children, Promoting ...
Any specific ways of recording information, for example if clients have certain charts specific to them such as behaviour or seizure charts, should be detailed in their support plans and available for use. Practitioners should also be encouraged and willing to discuss different systems of recording information with colleagues, service users, line managers and any partnership agencies so that systems in place are clarified and feedback can be offered as to the most what the most appropriate ways of recording certain information is.
For Example, if a client has epilepsy, seizure activity should be recorded on a chart. If the individual visits a neurologist for regular reviews, ways of recording seizure activity could be discussed when the individual was being supported to attend these reviews so as to promote effective partnership working. After discussion with the service user involved and the neurologist, it may be decided that it would be beneficial to record certain information regarding seizure activity on these chart such as details of seizure type, duration, and the time and date.
There may be information specific to the service user concerned, such as mood following seizure that could be added to the chart in order to tailor it and make it more comprehensive. This system would then need to be fed back to the staff team and management for it to work properly. The system could be discussed and passed on verbally, then backed up by an entry into the communication book and through updating the individuals care plan. Copies of the charts being to hand for everyone to use and should be brought to all future neurology appointments.
Handling Information Guidelines Recording Information •Ensure that all information which you record is clear and legible, whether it be handwritten or typed, this is so it can be understood by anybody reading it. •Record all information in plain English, do not use abbreviations and ensure it is relevant, concise and factual. This is so records can be easily understood and used, and any point can be gleaned quickly. •Ensure information recorded is evidence based so that you can show that it is based on fact and can be backed up.
... the inputs include patient information which the same to the existing system. Then proposed system will store patient information and medical report with ... of determination and assuring quality service to patients, the proponents proposed a Record Base Management System to cater to hospital employees ... more health conscious and are taking necessary steps to ensure that they have a sound body and mind – ...
•Ensure it is written in such a way that the service user you work with can understand it, as all individuals have a right to know about and be able to access the information their records contain. •Keep up to date with all records, recording information as soon as possible, this ensures greater levels of accuracy and is good practice in terms of communication. •Store all recorded information securely in line with confidentiality law to ensure the privacy of all service users. •Sign, date and print name on all information you record.
Storing Records •Store records in designated area to which access is limited, an example may be a cupboard or filing cabinet with a key, this is to ensure that each service users privacy is respected, and that information sharing is relevant. •Ensure that the service user has access to their records if they wish, as they are entitled to know the information their records contain. Securing records when they are being written in or read through. •Ensure there is a private space where records can be perused or written in.
If discussing records with colleagues, do this in private so as to prevent being overheard and private information being shared. •If using a computer to record or read information, ensure that this is done in a private area, and that relevant security is in place, for example, password protection, and log out after use. •Do not share information stored in records if it is not relevant, and always check the identity of the person you are sharing the information with. Storage Systems There are many systems of storing information currently available which add to its overall security.
Some examples are: •Lockable Cabinets/cupboards- If only the relevant people have access to the keys, this ensures a high level of security and minimises the risk of breach of confidentiality law. •Computerised password systems- If records are being stored on a computer, this is a good way of restricting access to only relevant persons. •Private areas for recording and storing information- This means there is an out of the way space that general visitors do not have access to and minimises the risk breach of confidentiality.
Communications Law In San Francisco, two of Alameda County's six municipal courts have limited public access to criminal court records after a Legal Aid Society lawyer requested it; others are waiting an opinion from the county counsel about its constitutionality. The question is, can the courts in Alameda County withhold criminal records from the public Does this violate the constitution The ...
Signing in and out system- If records need to be removed from site, to be taken to a healthcare appointment for example, it ensures that the appropriate person takes responsibility for their removal and safe return. •Back up systems- For example, the use of zip drives. This ensures that information is not lost, and can be put to use when completing records of a computer. •Archiving- This ensures information is stored for the appropriate amount of time in case it needs to be referred to in the future, and that it is also secure.