Sarah H. Bradford describes as being: the future deliverer of hundreds of her people; the spy and scout of the Union Armies; the devoted hospital nurse; the protector of hunted fugitives; the eloquent speaker in public meetings; the cunning eluder of pursuing man-hunters; the heaven guided pioneer through dangers seen and unseen; and “The Moses of her People.” Harriet Tubman was an African American woman who escaped from slavery and repeatedly made about 19 trips back to the South. Her brave actions led her to help about 300 slaves escape to freedom. She led them to the Underground Railroad, which helped slaves flee to the free states and Canada. By the early 19 th century, white and black abolitionists, African American slaves, American Indians, and members of religious groups including Quakers, Methodists, and Baptists, had established the Underground Railroad. From my understanding, the Underground Railroad was consisted of paths through woods, fields, ships, trains, and crossing rivers, that would somehow lead you to your destination.
This was a secret route that slaves would use to escape into places like Indiana, Ohio, Pennslyvania, and Canada. Stations were where runaways would hide during the day and the conductors would help them escape. The Underground Railroad was also used for shelter. The travel was safe from the South to the North, and Harriet became its most successful conductor. From the very beginning, people tried to escape from slavery with varying measures of success. The Underground Railroad was one of the causes leading to the Civil War.
AFS 300 Lesson 4 MASTERS OF THEIR OWN FATE Throughout the South, a continuing power struggle raged in which slaves strove to increase their independence and masters strove to limit this independence. The security and stability of these families faced severe challenges: no state law recognized marriage among slaves, masters rather than parents had legal authority over slave children, and the ...
Harriet Tubman was born in 1820, in Dorchester County, Maryland to Benjamin Ross and Harriet Green, who was usually called Old Rit. There were no records made of the date that Harriet Tubman was born, for the simpl fact that neither of her parents could read or write. She was one of 11 children who were all born to slave parents that were from the Ashanti tribe of West Africa and worked as slaves on the Brodas plantation. As a child, she was called Araminta, but later took her mother s first name, Harriet.
The nickname for Araminta was Minty. Young Harriet mostly worked inside of the house, was considered to be a laborer out in the fields by the age of about seven. Her family was owned by the Andrew Brodas, which also owned the plantation that they lived on… Ever since her early childhood, she constantly heard stories about escaping and how some people were secretly taken up to the North, through what is known as the Underground Railroad. When Harriet was thirteen, something tragic happened to her. Harriet was told to capture an escaped slave, but she refused.
In fact, she interfered by trying to save the slave from being punished. For doing that, she was bashed over the head with a two pound weight. Slowly, but shortly, she recovered from her injury, but suffered severe headaches and blackouts for the rest of her life. Throughout Harriet s childhood she worked harder and harder everyday. Harriet never had a day of schooling. She was suddenly ripped out of infancy and placed into slave labor.
(Conrad, p. 7) Despite all of her hard labor, she still thought that nothing was better than having freedom. She knew that it was definitely time to do something about that. But still, she never lost faith in herself and in God. Her parents taught her and quoted bible verses while she was young. By reading, it seemed like Harriet always felt that the presence of God was with her and whenever she felt the need for prayer, she prayed.
In 1844, Harriet married a free black man, John Tubman. Back then, slaves and freed blacks were allowed to get married, but anyone that was a slave had to stay one. Even if they would ve had children, they would be turned over to the slave owners… They were married for about five years. She was taken away from her husband and sold her to a slave trader. After thinking long and hard, she finally decided that it was her time to escape.
By Law, People Who Want to Have Children Should be Required to Take a Child Raising Course One of the common misconceptions that most of married couples believe is that conceiving and raising a child is the issue that only needs to be discussed within the context of family relations. This approach, however, does not consider the fact that the well-being of society, as whole, directly depends of ...
She tried to get her brothers to join her on the journey, but they were scared and felt that it was very dangerous. So one night she snuck into the dark woods, by herself, with a plan to go to Pennsylvania. Her only guide was the North Star. She said, I had reasoned dis out in my mind; there was one of two things I had a right to, liberty, or death; if I could not have one, I would have de oder; for no man should take me alive; I should fight for my liberty as long as my strength lasted, and when de time came for me to go, de Lord would let dem take me.” (Bradford, p. 29 It took her many days to reach her destination, but she made it.
There, she had jobs ranging from a seamstress and a scrubwoman to a cook until December of 1850. Then the law put a $40, 000 reward out to find her. In 1793, The Fugitive Slave Law was passed to protect the rights of slave owners by giving them the right to recapture runaways. The Fugitive Slave Law of 1850 was passed because of the high number of escaped slaves fleeing towards the north.
The law did not give escaped slaves that were on the run the right to a trial, let alone defend themselves. The law only required a statement from a white person claiming the ownership of the slave. The law also gave consequences to the people who helped slaves escape to the north. Many people felt as though this law was a violation of their constitutional rights.
By 1851 the Fugitive Slave Law was forcing conductors to lead slaves all the way to Canada. The slaves all called her Moses, for she led her people to freedom. I feel that Harriet Tubman is reminded of Moses in the Old Testament of the Bible. He was known to draw out people. Moses led the people out of Egypt. He was determined just like Harriet.
Then he led the people on a forty-year journey through the wilderness… Well, around this time, there were a lot of revolutionary movements going on. The Court systems were questioning if the Constitution favored blacks, like it did others. During some other trips, she would make sure that all of passengers had weapons. John Brown was fighting proslavery in Kansas. He was a radical abolitionist that led a group who murdered Kansan settlers.
The institution of slavery is a black mark on the record of Americans. Marking a time of hate and racism, an oppression spurred by fear that would plague our nation for decades upon decades. An Act for the Better Order and Government of Negroes and Slaves, and Conflicts between Masters and Slaves: Maryland in the Mid-Seventeenth Century, illustrate the dismay and panic European Colonials endured ...
He hired many blacks to plan an attack on Harpers Ferry. He wanted her to assist him, in which she was planning on until she became ill. As a result, about ten of twenty-one volunteers were killed and he surrendered. He was later hung to death. After that she was involved in another raid. This was when she went back to the south for her last trip.
There, she picked up seven slaves. In 1860, Harriet began to circle the nation appearing at anti-slavery meetings and speaking on women s rights. On April 12, 1862, after the confederates attack on Charleston, the nation went to war. During all of this, slaves weren t freed until 1863, when Lincoln signed the Emancipation Proclamation. Harriet heard word that they needed help in the south, so she went. She volunteered to be a nurse in a area down south where they had never heard of Moses.
She also helped whites soldiers who had been injured. She traveled from camp to camp, wherever help was needed. She traveled from Beaufort to Florida. She would go into the woods and take herbal roots to heal them. She also treated people with diseases. The union officers soon changed her job from a nurse to a spy.
Sometimes she, along with others, would go deep into the enemy s territory and bring back information that they saw or heard. Harriet returned to her parents in 1864. She became very ill and suddenly began to nurse herself back to good health. When she felt that she was healthy enough, she went back to the battlefield.
The war was coming to an end so she only worked for a short period of time. When she was on her way back to Auburn, a conductor gave her a hard time. He said that she couldn t sit with the whites. She then married Nelson Davis and lived in the house that they built, which was near the original house.
Nelson was more than twenty years older than she was. She decided to marry him to take of him. He was suffering with tuberculosis. He died on October 14, 1888, at the age of 44. In 1903, Harriet turned her home and twenty-five acres of land over to the African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church of Auburn, to be used for a home for the sick. In 1908, she built a nursing home that would serve the purpose for older people.
Grace has many meanings in the English language today. One of these meanings is to be pardoned from ones actions. In The Night Nurse, by Joyce Carol Oates, Grace Burkhardt is pardoned many times in her life. She is pardoned from dying, pardoned from her actions toward others, and eventually pardons herself from her actions. In life, we are given grace, a pardon for our actions, many times, The ...
She called it the John Brown House, in honor of the famous abolitionist fighter. During the time spent back in Auburn, she became interested in the movement for women s suffrage. She also helped raise money for schools and to help with providing some education for slaves that recently became freed. Other activities that she enjoyed doing was volunteering and donating things to homeless shelters. Ever since her childhood, she preferred working and doing things on the outside rather than the inside. Therefore, planting a garden with different kinds of fruits and vegetables was one of her hobbies as she got older.
Harriet Tubman later died in 1913, in which she was in her nineties. She risked her life to a slave family and more than three hundred other slaves. Despite her work as a slave, nurse, scout, and spy, she wasn t called Moses for nothing. Her being a conductor of he Underground Railroad, freeing many slaves, and her belief in God outweighed her life as a slave, including other trials and tribulations that she had to overcome.
Even though the bounties were after her, she never gave up. Her spiritual walk with God enabled her to go on. She overcame a racist issue when she was told, by a conductor, that she couldn t sit with whites.