Vocabulary Chapter 2
1. Powhatan- North American Indian chief in Virginia, father of Pocahontas and founder of the Powhatan Confederacy.
2. “Adventurers” – a person who seeks power, wealth, or social rank by unscrupulous or questionable means
3. “Starving Time” – Powhatan began a campaign to starve the English out of Virginia. The tribes under his rule stopped bartering for food and carried out attacks on English parties that came in search of trade. Hunting became highly dangerous, as the Powhatan Indians killed Englishmen they found outside the fort. The colony found itself with far too little food for the winter.
4. A Counterblaste to tobacco – is a treatise written by King James VI of Scotland and I of England in 1604, in which he expresses his distaste for tobacco, particularly tobacco smoking.
5. John Rolfe – English colonist in Virginia (husband of Pocahontas).
6. Headright System – a system of obtaining land in colonial times in which one received fifty acres of land for every emigrant to America one sponsored
7. House of Burgesses- The lower house of the legislature in colonial Virginia.
8. Opechancanough- an Algonquian leader who was the first chief to recognize the encroachment of English colonization on native lands and resist it as a serious threat to Indian life.
9. Maryland’s Act Concerning Religion- also known as the Act Concerning Religion, was a law mandating religious tolerance for Trinitarian Christians. Passed on April 21, 1649 by the assembly of the Maryland colony, it was the second law requiring religious tolerance in the British North American colonies and created the first legal limitations on hate speech in the world.
The Essay on Settlers In America Jamestown English Virginia
... disease-prone. It was on local Indian land, belonging to the dominant chief Powhatan. The settlers that traveled from England ... organized in 1606, sponsored the Virginia Colony. Organizers of the company wanted to expand English trade and obtain a wider ... Compact." The growth and development of these two English colonies, though geographically separated, contributed much to the present American ...
10. Sir William Berkeley- was a governor of Virginia, appointed by King Charles I, of whom he was a favorite.
11. Oliver Cromwell- was an English military and political leader best known in England for his involvement in making England into a republican Commonwealth.
12. Green Spring group- is a county located on the Virginia Peninsula in the Hampton Roads metropolitan area of the Commonwealth of Virginia.
13. Scrooby Congregation- was a collection of separatists, that lived in Scrooby (hence their name).
Starting in 1608 the Congregation started to immigrate to Holland where they would then have the freedom to worship.
14. William Bradford- the father of American history, a Pilgrim leader of Plymouth between 1622 and 1656, explains the devastating effect disease had upon New England tribes.
15. John Winthrop- American colonial political leader, first governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. In 1629 he joined the Massachusetts Bay Co., and he was elected governor of the colony that was to be established by the company in New England.
16. Thomas Hooker- Puritan clergyman in the American colonies, A clergyman, he was ordered to appear before the court of high commission for nonconformist preaching in England and fled in 1630 to Holland.
17. Fundamental Orders of Connecticut- were adopted by a popular convention of the three towns of Windsor, Hartford, and Wethersfield, on January 14, 1639. They form, according to historians, “the first written constitution, in the modern sense of the term, as a permanent limitation on governmental power, known in history, and certainly the first American constitution of government to embody the democratic idea.
18. Roger Williams- clergyman, advocate of religious freedom, he denied the validity of the Massachusetts charter, challenged the Puritans to acknowledge they had separated from the Church of England.
19. Flintlock Rifle- a type of gun in which a piece of shaped flint is securely clamped to the “hammer” or “lock.”
The Review on English & American Literature an Overview
A.INTRODUCTORY PARAGRAPHS Literature is said to be one of the passages of emotions and feelings to the environment – an expression of thoughts, opinions and the things they want to aspire and change and to all things a person is sensing. It is also a way to make a passive way of expression, like what Dr. Jose Rizal did to build flames of independence in our country. It is also like art or music, ...
20. Earl of Shaftesbury – Earl of Shaftesbury is a title in the Peerage of England.
21. Sir George Carteret – was a royalist statesman in Jersey and England, who served in the Clarendon Ministry as Treasurer of the Navy. He was also one of the original Lords Proprietor of the Carolina colony.
22. Society of Friends – a Christian group founded by George Fox about 1660; also know as Quakers
23. William Penn’s Holy Experiment – an attempt by the Quakers to establish a community for themselves in Pennsylvania.
24. New Mexico – the Spanish migrants began to established a colony, modeled roughly on those the Spanish had created farther south, in what is now New Mexico
25. James Oglethorpe- a member of parliament and a war hero/ general
26.George Trustees- a group of unpaid trustees led by General James Oglethorpe. They were interested in economic success, but they were driven primarily by military and charitable motives. They wanted to erect a military barrier against the Spanish lands on the southern border of English America, and they wanted to provide a refuge for the exhausted, a place where Englishmen and women without prospects at home to begin anew.
27.Edmund Andros- was an early colonial English government.
28.William and Mary- English (England) queen and king.
29.Jacob Leisler- leader of the New York dissidents, a German immigrant, and a prosperous merchant.
30. John Coode- Civil Engineer