Is taking a persons life because of religious persuasion justified? Hitler thought so; he had a dream of ruling the world and those who didnt fit his plans were disposed of. Hitlers plan was to make a world of blonde-haired blue-eyed Germans. He started building concentration camps throughout Germany and the Reich during the late nineteen thirties. At first concentration camps were for the political prisoners, criminals, and security risks. He began to abolish the Jewish majority and others that didnt fit his idea of the perfect race of people (Auschwitz 1).
During World War II there were many camps constructed. Stutthof was built on September 1939.
It was closed down in 1941, at which time it was reassigned as an SS camp. In 1943 it was enlarged and surrounded by electrified barbed wire fences. The non-Jews were kept there and had to do forced labor. A year later the camp started making Foche-Wulff airplanes. A few months later it was closed forever. Another camp was Chelmno which opened in 1939.
The camp was a Polish extermination camp. This camp had over two hundred thousand Jewish people in it. Chelmno was under the command of Hauptsturmfuhrerer Herbert Lange. It was closed in 1943 and reopened in 1944. In the end the estimated number killed at Chelmno was 170,000 to 360,000. Another camp was Majdanek, which opened in October of 1941. Majdanek was a prisoner-of-war camp constructed by Polish and Soviet prisoners.
Auschwitz EVEN IN THE SILENCE OF THE POLISH countryside, Auschwitz can not rest in peace. The name alone prompts instant recognition -- a shorthand for the criminal barbarity of the 20 th century. If ever there were a place in which myth was unseemly and unnecessary, where fact could be left unadorned, it would be Auschwitz. For 50 years, that has not been the case. The list of myths and ...
Majdanek was also an industrial activity camp. In 1942, a gas chamber was installed using carbon monoxide gas until zyklon-B was invented. Soon Jews were transported from Germany and the Netherlands. On arrival a selection process was carried out. The healthy worked and the sick were sent directly to the gas chambers. By 1943 two hundred thousand prisoners were gassed.
Another 1,380,000 were beaten, starved, and exposed to all the elements until death. Seventeen thousand were shot as part of a larger program (Nazi Extermination Camps 1).
Treblinka was a camp set up in 1942. Three thousand Jews were transported from Warsaw to Treblinka. On September 1942 several newer gas chambers were installed. Treblinka had forty SS officers and one hundred and fifty Ukrainian officers. They also had Sonderkommandos, which were special workers.
When Sonderkommandos were too weak to work, they were killed and replaced by younger and stronger inmates. Their job included the removal of gold teeth, dentures, and other valuables from the corpses. Then in 1943 the Sonderkommando groups planned a rebellion and two hundred inmates escaped. Treblinka closed on November 1943 (Nazi Extermination Camps 1).
Auschwitz was established on April, 1940. At first it was only for Polish political prisoners and then for Soviet prisoners-of-war (Kulka xi).
The prisoners were brought by train to all camps.
The trains had no fresh air, water, or waste disposal, and were packed full of people. Most of the time the waste seeped into luggage and many of the people died of exposure to cold or heat. Upon arrival they were split into two sections. The left line was for those who were to die immediately. In that line were women, children, and those who looked unfit to work. The right line was for the young men and those who were able to work.
They were all sent to forced labor camps in and out of Auschwitz. Before going to the labor camps they were to go to the quarantine. Where their heads were shaved and prison uniforms were distributed. All prisoners were to have their left arms tattooed with their ID numbers. Only 405,000 prisoners were registered this way. Only 65,000 of the tattooed survived (Auschwitz 1).
... rather been originally sentenced into a gas chamber. At the largest of all of the camps, Auschwitz-Birkenau, prisoners were quickly divided upon arrival. ... inside the gas chambers (Adler 4). "This was an unreal thing; this beautiful music," says Rachel Piti, who came to Auschwitz in ... journey, but in reality those not able to work were taken to gas chambers. Not many realized what was about to happen ...
The prisoners were sent automatically to their barracks. The barracks had dirt floors, and very cramped living space. The barracks were long dark green huts with tarpaper roofs. The windows were just vents and the door was a gate. There were plank beds in three tiers one on top of another. The bunks crammed five in one bed.
There was no heat in the barracks and they were very damp (Kulka 26).
Prisoners and SS officers staffed every camp. Some of the prisoners were kapos. Mostly kapos were orderlies, and some were sonderkommandos. Sonderkommandos worked at the crematoriums. These people were killed periodically. They were supervised by the SS officers. There were 6,000 SS members that worked inside Auschwitz.
There were even Gestapos that worked outside the camps to collect prisoners (Auschwitz 1).
Summer or winter, rain or snow, the prisoners stood for roll call in the yard at dawn. They would then march for miles on feet wrapped in rags bound by wire or wooden clogs. The prisoners also wore paper cement bags for a coat and no gloves. They would work twelve-hour days in the stone quarry or gravel pits. Coffee that was weak was their breakfast until dinner.
For dinner they would have a soup and a piece of bread and sometimes a little margarine (Bedford 32).
Four hundred five thousand prisoners were recorded as laborers between 1940-45. During this time period 340,000 perished through executions, beatings, starvation, or sickness. Some survived through the help of German industrialist Oskar Schindler. He saved about one thousand Polish Jews, by diverting them from Auschwitz to work for him in his factory near Krakow (Auschwitz1).
Auschwitz had another camp outside called Auschwitz II, which was called Birkenau.
This camp was double wired by electrical fences and nine watch towers. It was located 1.5 miles from Auschwitz. Rudolf Hoess was the commandant at Bikenau, and Bikenau was completed on March 1942. Birkenau had four gas chambers, designed to resemble showers. Birkenau also had four crematories (Nazi Concentration Camps 1).
There were three groups of prisoners, one went to gas chambers within a few hours of entering the camp. Another went to factories and companies for slave labor.
... gas chamber looked just like a shower room. The prisoners were told they needed to be clean before work, and then the nazi's would ... In the town Monowitz, another camp was being built. This camp was called Auschwitz III, or Buna-Monowitz. Other camps that were located close to ...
Last mostly twins and dwarfs underwent medical experiments (Auschwitz 1).
Josef Mengele also known as Angel of Death did the medical experiments. He used men as guinea pigs, but mostly he experimented on twins and dwarfs. Many died because doctors would inject the prisoners with a disease. Doctors did so to see how long a poison would take to work or an effect on the human body. This was only one way Nazis would kill the Jews (Auschwitz 1).
They would disguise the gas chambers and make them look like bathhouses.
The gas chamber ceiling pipes were camouflaged by showerheads. Nazis would tell prisoners that they were going to clean up to go to another camp. They did this to lure prisoners into the chambers. Guards told them to put their clothes and belongings on a hook with a certain number upon it. They were assured that they would return for their clothes after their showers. The prisoners were herded into the tight room and locked in (Auschwitz1).
Soon They would pour zyklon-B into a shaft opening. The green crystals would fall through the hollow openings of the pipes. Zykon-B was a derivative of prussic acid. A pest-control company manufactured this chemical. The chemical would then choke and tear their lungs and split and decompose the blood cells (Kulka 60).
Before the bodies were burned or cremated, the victims hair was cut off to make haircloth. The fillings and false teeth made of metals were taken. The metals were melted and made into bars. After the liberation tons of hair was found in camp warehouses.
With the hair they found the poisonous chemical zyklon-B. The bodies were cremated in large furnaces that ran all day and night. The chimneys were always blowing out black smoke. Prisoners also would stand in a line and be shot one by one and put into mass graves. The ashes from the crematoriums were put into ponds to be disposed of (Auschwitz 1).
Forty camps were established around Auschwitz, all closed in 1944. Five to six million Jews were killed by the Nazis. All that died included Poles, Soviet prisoners-of-war, gypsies, and homosexuals.
The Jews comprised the largest number of victims (Auschwitz 1).
After the war the Nazis were sent to trial which was called the Nuremberg Trials. Almost all the leaders of the Nazi era were tried and found guilty. Their punishment was death by hanging. In the end Hitler committed suicide and his body has yet to have been found.
As a result of anti-Semitism in Nazi Germany, a system of violent suppression and control emerged that ultimately took the lives of an estimated 6 million Jewish people Anti-Semitism is an opposition to, prejudice against, or intolerance of Semitic people, most commonly Jews. Anti-Semitism has existed throughout history, since Israel’s dispersion in 70 AD. In every land in which the Jews ...