We all know that in our childhood years every aspect of our lives must be nurtured very well for our own good in the coming years as we go in the long journey called, life. Erik Erikson gives emphasis in the aspect of social and emotional development in childhood. Both aspects of development are very crucial to us as children. Everything started when we are infants with the help of our caregivers; they help and contribute a lot in moulding every individual on what we are now. They contribute to our feelings of satisfaction and happiness. They meant a lot to us. The upbringing of the individual makes a huge impact as we grow. Erik Erikson’s theory of psychosocial development, attachment and styles of parenting includes the section of the aspects of social and emotional development. Infants and growing children should be treated equally and very well. Their behaviour and attitude depends on how they are handled when they are young, it reflects. In the area of psychosocial development according to Erikson we undergo several stages of it. During the first stage, trust versus mistrust, we depend on our primary caregivers and come to expect that the place we are strolling will or will not meet our needs. We are doubtful with it; we have no assurance of what really things may offer to us. As growing kids they tend and are normal to explore and discover different set of new things.
Some are giving us lessons and others are learning we get out from exploring and discovery. Our relationship and deeper contact with our parents, friends and to the people who surrounds us encourage us to develop autonomy or self-direction, initiative, and some are feelings of guilt and shame. It depends on what situation they have. They have now this sense in weighing things between the right and wrong ones. In the elementary years this aspects has established a wider scope now, difficulty started in which they have more responsibility in responding and taking things. They’re more careful, mentors give motivation to become industrious and on the other hand develop feelings of inferiority. Attachment also plays a vital role in childhood, this defines the behaviour which is classified into two first to attempt contact or nearness and the second one is showing of anxiety when separated. This is connected with the quality of care that infants receive. Attachment is divided in to three, the secure attachment in which infants are more sociable and more cooperative, they have less insecurity. Second is the avoidant attachment that explains that infants belong to this are least distressed by their mother’s departure and lastly the resistant attachment which means infants belong to this are the most emotional.
This assignment will critically review Howlett, Kirk and Pine’s (2011) study, which aims to investigate whether attendance of gesturing classes affects parental stress. Howlett et al. , (2011) attempt to examine claims, advertised by commercial products, that believe attending gesturing classes can improve child-parent communications, thus reducing parental stress. Participants gave demographic ...
They play by their selves and can ignore their caregivers. The relationship between the parent and their kids has been very important in the development of the child. The parenting style is very important on how kids react to stuffs and on how they behave. The authoritative parents raise the best kids; they’re competent and productive because relationship between parents and child is very good. Kids raise to authoritarian parents are the one who are reaching the standards set by their parents, kids of this set are aggressive and lack of focus. Parents are demanding and want to stick with their standards and regulations. In the permissive style of parenting, parents care less and generally easy going with their children. Their communication is not good and as a result they raise the wild kids, children do what they want. Lastly in the uninvolved style of parenting, parents leave their kids on their own. They raise the worst kids in the society and now dealing with drugs and other issues.
Parenting styles pay off depending on what style they’re implementing. In my own stand I do believe that I belong to the authoritative style of parenting. Before ending this let me share an example that relates with the discussion stated above. I know a guy, he came from a wealthy family, and his parents are always not around and are very busy most of the time. He has 2 younger sisters and they are leave in their yaya’s. He rarely sees them but he’s provided with everything that he wanted. He’s not satisfy with it all he wanted an attention from his mommy and daddy. As a result he grows up wild, attention seeker and violent, they can’t blame him because his parents lack attention. The upbringing of this kid is not really good. I believe in the saying that children profit when parents make reasonable demands, show warmth encouragement, and spend time with them.
Parents are an integral part of any child’s life. They are his safe haven, his stepping stones and his personal cheerleaders. They are the people who create a person in the first place hence he/she owes their existence to them (Laura, 11). They give a child his name, his characteristics and his personality. They also give him both his negative and positive traits. So, in my opinion it is a ...
What key factors influences the development of children’s trust or mistrust?
The key factors that influence the development of children’s trust or mistrust are the autonomy or self-direction, trust, initiative and industry. Kids are expecting that some may or may not meet their needs. They’re continually exploring and discovering things that’s why it is very important to give them the best and in return they’ll give to the parents the best they can be. Cheers to the parents who are supportive to their kids by this they can overcome their endeavours in life easily. I salute to my parents for offering me the best and for treating me specially from the rest.