Human Cloning From movies of the 1950’s to scientific technology of the twenty first century the idea of human cloning has captured audiences the world over. Debates have raged as to ethical the considerations, commercial correctness, and familial concerns in respect to the very process itself (Andrews, 1999).
However, like any other medical or sociological phenomenon in today’s world human cloning has its pro-activists and protagonists as well as those who loathe and condemn the activity. Right or wrong, the scientific investigation into human cloning is not, I feel, in the hands of those who have no material or ulterior and concealed motive for creating a scientific observable fact that carries with it massive moral responsibility.
The remainder of this report will examine the area of human cloning with respect to possible uncertainties. The single most important factor underlying the cloning issue is the dehumanization of man through the advancement of biotechnology. In an article by Leon Kass (2001) the concept was expertly expressed as an empirical investigative endeavor whereby man’s scientific accomplishments are at the expense of cultural stability, respect for personal choice, and the right to individual control. A second, and just as formidable, argument against cloning is, for the writer of this report, that continued experimentation in human cloning will result in an incomprehensible denial that everyday man has control of his destiny; and if permitted to continue will thrust mankind back into the horrific era of Nazism. Therefore, support must be garnered form those who oppose the process in terms of pressuring the government to enact legislation to entirely halt ubiquitous scientific human cloning or genetic alteration endeavors.
"I'm against society imposing rules on individuals for how they want to use genetic knowledge. We " re too multi-cultural to say we know how other people should behave. The state should stay out of genetics." According to Nobel Prize winner James Watson, the unraveled of the double helix structure of DNA, restrictions should not be placed upon genetics and the cloning process. The world is ...
Continuing with Kass’ argument against human cloning he labels the process as unethical and one in which the cloned individual would be subject to insurmountable psychological, sociological, and even possible future mutant abnormalities. Whether tongue-in-check or not, Kass found a way in which to present a little humor within a rather abhorrent topic by wondering if a cloned child of a “Daddy” will still be loved by the “Mommy” if the parents ended up in divorce. Other arguments against cloning are directed toward the commercialization of coning, the destruction of the family unit as we know it today, the responsibility “c loners” have to those they have cloned, and the possibility of creating the next generation of “Boys from Brazil.” Although supporters of human cloning are steadfast in their support for the process with respect to bone marrow cell reproduction to fight leukemia, growing hearts, kidney, lungs, and livers for those who are in need of transplants, and to help infertile couple conceive, the tantamount fact remains very clear; namely, that cloning takes ethical decision making out of the equation and personal choice is not an option. Further, by creating humans through an artificial means defies nature and is in direct opposition to nature. Doing so will surely result in a sub-culture that is neither appreciated nor tolerated by society. Artificially cloned individuals will be looked upon as not being a part of society’s citizenry and discriminated against significantly.
Although scientific cloning can be looked upon as a medical miracle, the euphoria will not likely be long lasting. Once the jubilation is over there will be fear, anger, and mistrust. To be accepting on an individual who has not been conceived in what society describes as the “normal” way will only lead to heightened discrimination, chaos, and havoc; thus resulting in more problems. Once cloning begins we will have lost and sacrificed our own personal individuality, our own sense of oneness, and our own need for individual expression.
... this can create some serious psychological difficulties. Another serious problem is the religious objections to cloning. Many people say cloned humans will be ... from infertility, then cloning will help a lot. Taken into consideration the fact that individuality of a cloned individual will develop ... question is mainly social one because it is the society that must make a choice and define costs and ...
At this point I am in total agreement with NBAC’s (1997) proclamation that cloning .”.. at this time is morally unacceptable for anyone in the public or private sector, whether in a research or clinical setting, to attempt to create a child using somatic cell transfer cloning.” As science exists today regulatory mechanisms, global advisory panels, and legislative bodies are yet in place to govern the outcomes of any cloning endeavor. And the question will always remain “Who am I?” References Andrews, Lori B (1999).
The Clone Age: Adventures in the New World of Reproductive Technology. New York, Henry Holt and Company. Kass, Leon R.
(2001) “On preventing a brave new world.” New Repub. 21; 224 (21).
National Bioethics Advisory Commission (1997).
Cloning Human Beings, Washington, D. C.