In the year 1790, the United Sates Census counted approximately 375 thousand people of the German origin. The number of the Germans immigration later increased after the year 1815. The occurrence of world war 1 during this period led to the increase in anti-German sentiments causing the German community to become invisible (Fiebig-von 33).
The Germans were often met with accusations of being sympathetic about the German Empire. The war turned out as the effective turning point in the History of America. A majority of the Germans started moving out of the south because an increase in demand for human labor in the cities to the north. This rejuvenated the African Americans hopes in the fulfilment of their aspirations and dreams.
The United States joined the First World War in the year 1917. During this time, they had a slogan that was to ensure that the world is safe for democracy. Approximately one week after joining the World War, the department concerning itself with the recruitment of soldiers stopped accepting the black army volunteers. Only the Navy department readily accepted the black people to work as cooks. The blacks were not to work in sections such as the Air Force, Coast Guard and in the Marines. During this time of recruitment, approximately two million African Americans were registered and from this huge number, only 31% gained approval (Stanford 45).
... the fatherland of a war against the world.A war almost impossible to win. German preparation began well ... while also possessing the command of the Black and Baltic seas. On the 3rd July ... left behind. As German morale dwindled with the changing weather and increased resistance the Russian partisan ... next three years destroyed much of the German war industry. Other chinks in the German armour began to ...
Effects on African-Americans
During the war, the harshness of the combat taunted the back soldiers both physically and emotionally. The structural theory focuses on the ways, in which people work together in order to form the society. It focuses on the grounds of actions and their balance of society known as functions. The structural theory also oversees the structures that undermine the existing balance in the known as dysfunctions. The theory does not recognize the need of people uniting for any purpose or common good. On the other hand, the conflict theory does not acknowledge in any way the belief that people should come together for mutual understanding and benefit. It has its focus on the conflicts in the society (Ellis 88).
The pioneer of the theory, Karl Marx, had a strong belief that the conflicts between those people owning capital and the workers have a major conflict.
The conflict according to him could only end in the event that the workers repelled against the employers or rather the rich. The function theory is another strategy that the sociologists use in order to gain an understanding of the world or even the society. Naturally, the society is a unit that is complex in nature. The conflict attributes the majority of the vital progresses in the history of human beings like civil rights and democracy to attempts by the capitalists to control large groups of people as opposed to the choice for social order (Tucker 108).
After the end of the First World War, the African-Americans became optimistic that the patriotic sacrifices that they made would affect positively on them (Macbride 88).
They also hoped that it would improve the relationship of the two communities and enhance the possibility of having respect for their civil rights. There were increased attempts by the political leaders to influence the versatile proceedings for peace. After the war, the American natives forced the African Americans to fight physically for the survival of the following war. The war effort made the blacks capable of recognizing their citizenship in addition to holding the concerned authorities responsible through having protests about racial injustices. The World War I is the real turning point for the African-Americans portraying their experience. Effects on German-Americans
When the guns of August 1914 shattered the peace of Europe, pitting Germany and Austria-Hungary (the Central Powers) against Britain, France, and Russia, President Woodrow Wilson on August 4 issued a proclamation of neutrality. Two weeks later he urged Americans to be "impartial in thought as well as in action." But in the realms of both official policy and public opinion, neutrality proved ...
When the United States of America started a war with the Germans, there was need to have spies and saboteurs. This led to an increase in search for spies in an endeavoring effort to suppress the Germans and their culture. Many schools belonging to the Germans and those teaching German were closed. In addition, those churches that had been founded the immigrants of the German speaking origin started changing slowly to holding services in English. This created a visionary identity of the German ethnicity in the face of increasing anti-German sentiments. The period of ethnic tension witnessed the German instruction language in schools drop. The German language was prohibited in many communities in the need for the English-speaking persons to listen to the German conversations. This was to bar them from having secrets of their own for fear of plotting war against them (Ellis 88).
In conclusion, the two ethnic groups, which are the German-Americans and African-Americans encountered various difficulties during the first world war (Tucker 108).
These effects extended to the time the war ended. One major effect was separation of the two groups from the Americans in all works of life. The three groups together had their own affiliations in sports, recreational facilities and even the schools they could attend. This created a major rift that is in existence even today because of certain stereotypes and beliefs about some communities. Ultimately, World War 1 is of its class not positively but negatively in terms of its impact on various people ethnically. It is responsible for the vicious ethnical problems in the global world today.
Ellis, Mark. Race, War, and Surveillance: African Americans and the United States Government During World War I. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 2002. Internet resource. Fiebig-von, Hase R, and Ursula Lehmkuhl. Enemy Images in American History. Providence, RI: Berghahn Books, 1996. Print. (German)
Social Change in the United States During World War II As the possibility of a second World War arose people began to form opinions on the United States' role in Europe. The general population disagreed on whether or not to get involved in the conflict with Germany. Some people believed in interventionism, the theory that the United States should do everything it could to support Britain without ...
Macbride, David. Crosscurrents: African Americans, Africa, and Germany in the Modern World. Columbia: Camden House, 1998. Print.
Stanford, Karin L. If We Must Die: African American Voices on War and Peace. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield, 2008. Print.
Tucker, Spencer C. The Encyclopedia of World War I: A Political, Social, and Military History. Oxford: Abc-clio, 2005. Print.