On March 31, 2004, the Bill C-45 imposed a new level of accountability with a crime record. Responsibility is defined as an individual’s obligations to perform duties they are expected to. Individual responsibility clutters around a person’s ability to take care of oneself by keeping healthy, maintaining a sound mind, controlling self-emotions and treating oneself with respect. Individual responsibilities apply to every person employed at a workplace, from the senior most employees to the least. Whatever they are managers, workers, or officers in committees, they both aim at preventing accident, illnesses and injuries in work place and increasing the safety awareness. While because of different job description, each and every employee is supposed to know and carry out their individual. For any organization to employee someone, it means they value them not to want to lose the hence the need for occupational health and safety policies at all workplaces.
Communication is a first and crucial step for individuals to constantly understand and take their responsibilities. Organizationally, there are hierarchies that people follow hence this may be misunderstood by some employees that they don’t have sufficient authority to carry out their responsibilities. Therefore all employees should be granted enough authority to handle all their responsibilities and at all costs avoid curtailing factors that may jeopardize the smooth running at work. It is also necessary that individuals put at any position at any work place be having required ability and competence to discharge their responsibilities. A supervisor therefore is put to assess the safety performance of the individuals. This is to bring to the fore the fact that Health and safety is not just an extra part of an employee’s job description but a full-component of that job, that which if not discharged properly, would lead to revocation of the contract.
... covers occupational health and safety it outlines the responsibilities of the employer, employees and the individuals being supported to ensure safety is maintained. Other legislation ... to Health Regulations (COSHH) The Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1992 The Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences ...
Employees have a responsibility to take care of their own health and safety while at work and to avoid affecting the health and safety of fellow workers (Ladou, 2006).
Individual responsibilities are often viewed as basic and the most important at work place. Complying with safe work procedures is a must in order to avoid any accidents at work place that would make the employer liable.
Individuals are also obliged to comply with all rules and regulations of the work place that are aimed at protecting their health and safety while at work. Ladou (2006) writes that employees are responsible for reporting injuries and sicknesses immediately; they are also supposed to use protection and safety gear as required by the work place regulations. Being part of the joint health and safety committees also is a obligation for employee.
Employees are also required to honestly provide feedback on matters which may affect their health and safety. This is necessary in helping the employer re-evaluate the health and safety policies at work. Drug and alcohol problems cost the United States an estimated $276 billion a year . In 2007, approximately 60% of adults with substance dependence were employed full time (Wendy and Amy, 2009).
Employees are required to ensure that they are not under any influence of alcohol or any drugs that may endanger themselves and put the safety of other people at risk. Employees are also responsible for helping in identifying hazards, the assessment of the risks at work and the implementation of risk control measures.
... legally and create order in the work place. o Publish the rules and policies and educate all employees. o With the involvement of ... . o Clearly communicate work place expectations and guidelines for professional behavior. o Solicit employee feedback on potential policies, areas in which policies are needed ...
Managers are responsible for carrying out the roles and responsibilities that are outlined in the health and safety policies and procedures of any given work place. Paton (2008) stressed that managers ensure that relevant health and safety policies and procedures are effectively implemented. Despite everyone at work place having their roles in achieving this goal, should there be a failure, it is the manager who is answerable, the buck stops with them. Managers also ensure that all risks to health and safety are identified in time, assessed and effectively controlled. It is always important to detect risks early on before disaster strikes (Paton, 2008).
Supervisors and employees work under the managers, it is therefore the manager’s responsibility to ensure that these people have adequate knowledge and skills to carry out the health and safety responsibilities that they have been obligated to. The managers have to consult employees and their representatives on proposals for amendments and changes to the workplace, practices at work, procedures and policies that may have effects on the health and safety of the employees (Paton, 2008).
This is because these policies and procedures are about them and from time to time there happens to e brilliant ideas that come up that may be incorporated into the existent systems.
Health and safety committee that comprises of management and employee representatives is the principal forum for management to consult with employees on health, safety, welfare and policy issues affecting the workers. The committee is supposed to help with the development, monitoring and reviewing of existent policies of health and safety of employees. The committee is also supposed to promote the importance of health and safety policy among the employees and even management (Roughton, 2002).
Moreover, the committee monitors health and safety performances of both employees and managers. When the disputes arise, the committee helps in the resolution of these disputes regarding health and safety issues.
According to OSHA, there are 40% of employees injured at work have been on the job less than one year (OSHA, 2010).
... has policies and programs to address our employees’ broad range of concerns which includes working conditions, skills training, career opportunities, health and safety, and work ... -life balance. We have training and development programs suited to our employees’ needs. We also organize ...
New workers in companies register high rates of accidents at the work place simply because they are not well versed with the health and safety policies and procedures of the new job. This is why orientation is vital. A health and safety education is important to familiarize the new employees with the procedures. The orientation sessions include explanations of the functions of the work unit, organizational relationships and administrative arrangements. There are also miscellaneous rules and policies that are important and should be understood by the new employee (Roughton, 2002).
However, a new employee can only absorb a certain amount of intimation in the first days of the new job; a handout is therefore instrumental in reminding them what they learn in the orientation sessions. The use of experienced workers known as “buddies” may also help largely the new entrants to settle in and adapt faster not to mention knowing what to do and what to avoid.
To reduce and even prevent occupational injuries and illness, an emphasis on injury prevention has to be made. Employers must adhere to the obligations under the Occupational Health and Safety Act of 2000 to make sure that a safe and healthy working environment is achieved. Periodic investigation of workplace as required by the Occupational Health and Safety Act of 2000 is an important factor in the development of prevention programs with a focus on identifying safety management system deficiencies.
The employer is required to provide information about the Occupational Health and Safety policies and systems in the workplace to point out, assess and control hazards that may endanger lives of workers as well as to come up with strategies to review these policies every time. Rates of injury at work have reduced substantially over the past decade due to the sustained sensitization at work place about safety procedures and measures. Both self-reported injuries and those reported by the employers have been on the decline showing signs of improvement in adherence to Occupation health and Safety procedures. Self-reported injuries have decreased steadily over the years with an average annual falls of 6% since 2003/04 (Labour Force Survey).
There are records of 118 000 injuries to workers by employers in 2010/11, with 26 000 of them classified as major injuries (Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations).
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The rates of injuries reported by employers have fallen in nine of the last ten years with average annual falls of 3% over the period (RIDDOR).
Ladou, J. (2006). Current Occupational & Environmental Medicine (4th ed.).
New York: McGraw-Hill Professional.
Paton, N. (2008).
Senior Managers Fail to Show Competence in Health and Safety. Occupational Health, 60(I), 6-8.
Roughton, J. (2002). Developing an Effective Safety Culture: A Leadership Approach (1st ed.).
Boston, MA: S Butterworth-Heinemann
National Business Group on Health. An employer’s guide to workplace substance abuse. //www.businessgrouphealth.org/pdfs/SubAb_report_FINAL.pdf. Accessed December 3, 2010.
New Employee Safety Orientation. Retrieved April 3, 2012, from
OSHA Safety (2009, January 8).
Improving workplace protection for new workers. Posted to //blog.nationalsafetycompliance.com/2009/01/improving-workplace-protection-for-new.html