Sufi: (Etymology: Worship, Wool) Follower of Islam in a liberal way [spiritual side] * Sufism was born out of necessity * Ulemah were the rigid people who followed Islam. They created rules. * NIZAMUDDIN gave people a lot of freedom * Teacher in Islam is known as PIR. * Student in Islam is known as MUREED. * During Nizamuddin’s time crime was at it’s lowest. * FIRST SUFI SAINT- Moinuddin Chisti * CHISTI SILSILA- Named after people who propagated this.
The people had come from a place called Chist * Nizamuddin Auliyah was the 4th Sufi saint. HAZRAT NIZAMUDDIN AULIYAH * He was born in 1238 * Lived in Badaun for 20 years * Hyaspur was its original name. * Nizamuddin had established Khangah. * He was the first saint to go against rigidity. * Treated everyone equally. * Alauddin Khilji tried to become his Mureed (student) * Hyasuddin Tughlaq was jealous of him * Hazrat Amir Khusrao was Nizamuddin’s favorite Mureed. * Khusrao was the only one who had the permission to enter Nizamuddin’s Khangah anytime. It was during his time that there was the biggest langar used to take place. * He kept a roza for his whole life AMIR KHUSRAO * He was a businessman, poet, scientist, and musician. Excelled in all the fields. * Invented Tabla and Sitar. * Known as the father of Urdu language. * Died after 6 months of the death of his pir. * When a saint dies, the day is celebrated. Belief- “When a saint dies, he is said to be united with his beloved(God)” * Qawali was originally known as Sama TOMB OF AMIR KHUSRAO * Made of red sandstone and marble *
Bernard Lewis is Cleveland E. Dodge Professor Emeritus of Near Eastern Studies, and Long-Term Member of the Institute for Advance Study, Princeton University. He was educated in the University of London, primarily but not entirely at the School of Oriental and African Studies, where He took both his B. A. (Honors in History) and his Ph. D.His B. A. degree was in History with special reference to ...
Quran is engraved on the walls. Red sandstone is like a dressing on the wall. The wall is not actually made up of red sandstone. WHY IS REDSTONE USED? Red sandstone is a dressing to make it attractive. Also red sandstone is very easy to be engraved. Stone – carved and made a Jaali. FAMILY TOMB OF ADGAH KHAN * Tiles are not available anymore. Not able to restore. * The artisans who made the tomb are not available anymore. * The work is very lucrative * On the dome there is a squinch. * A squinch is a structure where a circle is fitted on a square. * Cenotaphs are made of marble. Walls are made of mortar lime – fixing material [Made of rice, dal, jaggery etc. ] MAIN MOSQUE * Thursday is day of congregation prayer. * Built by son of Alauddin Khilji * People pray facing a wall, facing Mecca * Central arch called a mehrab * Verse from a Quran – Inayat * Domes, arches and other features of Islamic architecture can be seen. * The priest is known as Imam. * The architecture: The base is a square, then arches and a figure of 16 sides and then a dome is built. BAULI * A Bauli is a well with steps leading to it. * The only one in Delhi which always has water.