Thomas Aquinas was an Italian priest who were the pioneers of theological teachings and famous for his Eucharistic hymns in church. Aquinas is a distinguished saint honored by the Catholic Church for his contributions in natural reasoning and several teachings of theology. The papal that undergo training go through his teachings and the pope of the Catholic Church has ordained him as the doctor of the church and the greatest philosopher and theologician of all times. Aquinas was considered a philosopher by his mates but he strongly objected and criticized other philosophers who pagans that the missed the massive wisdom available in the Christian revelations. Immanuel Kant was a German philosopher who formulated the theory of ethical deontology (Fagothey)
Kant was a strong proponent of enlightenment rationalism which basically meant that for something to be good , it must be from a good will so and that the action just follows the will and the moral law. He also perpetrated the principle of universibility and strongly believed that for an action to be permissible by the society, must equally apply to all the people in the same manner and not biased. He also believed in the theories of perfect and imperfect duty and advocated that the perfect duty should an obvious thing in the eyes of the humanity such as committing murder is a criminal to both the mind and the soul and can be referred as a perfect duty. imperfect duty such charitable works can be substantiated and simply bases on different to people to church the act as good or bad therefore, it is an imperfect duty to the human race. (McInerny)
The article is about major events from the past which have affected Catholicism. Through the years, a lot have had happen in the world and have changed the face of the Church. The author listed his ten mega trends which he believes have moved Catholicism and formed the religion what we know today. The first on the list was how Catholics from 1st world regions, namely Europe and North America have ...
Several philosophers have criticized the theories of Kant terming it inconclusive and prescriptive. They argue that Kant was biased in his theories and was influenced by other past philosophers and even his parents. The catholic church has seriously criticized his laws terming as a disregard of the Christian values ,ethic and beliefs and that he changed the ethics into virtues of the day today living.
Aquinas as he was a priest was a strong proponent of the Christian ethics a compared to Kent who was more of rationalism and imperialism. He believed that the human mindset is driven by the natural law that dictates that the acts of virtue is the caused through inquiry of reason and that any act is conducive for well living so long as it abides by the natural law. This is contrary to the Kant approach of testing ethics base on the comfort of the masses on those ethics. Aquinas proposed four virtues that would the human race towards judging good ethical virtues and was based on prudence, justice, fortitude and temperance. He argues that these virtues are the drivers of everyone within the human race. He never concurred with the Kant’s perfect and imperfect duty terming them complete and incomplete respectively. He was a strong proponent of theological values such faith, hope and charity and argued that even a non Christian would not escape the virtues of Christianity as they seem to be supernatural in its manifestations.
Aquinas believed the ultimate end of all was God who is always omnipotent and omnipresent and beyond all our reasoning .God manifests himself in the human race by instilling the eternal laws that govern human beings in this world. He believed that the laws are unchangeable and beneficial to everyone. Kant did not believe in a supernatural being and believed that any law considered moral should be in line with the will of all the people in the world and not God or the eternal laws.
Aristotle was a Greek philosopher who lived between 384 and 322 BCE. He was deeply interested in the idea of cause and purpose. On the Foundation Paper, you will have explored the ideas of the Four Causes and the Prime Mover. Both of these theories look at the idea of how things are caused and how they move towards their purpose. In ethics, any theory that looks at how we become better people over ...
The differences between the arguments of Aquinas and Kant towards ethics are clearly visible that Aquinas based his arguments on the natural law and believed that there is a great power that controls the said laws and ensures the betterment of humanity. Kant based his arguments on rationalism of the human race rather than intuition and supernatural beliefs.
1.McInerny, Ralph. Aquinas, St. Thomas., Thomas Aquinas: Selected Readings. new york: penguin classics, 1999
2.Fagothey, Austin. Right and Reason. Illnois: TAN publishers, 2000