Khrishnas Teachings Khrishnas teachings in the Bhagavad-Gita are very interesting. One of the most amazing scenes describes the battlefield and the dialogue between Khrishna and Arjuna. I consider this scene to be merely a symbolic interpretation. First of all, the battlefield can be compared with the battlefield of mind. The actual story describes the events taking place on Kurukshetra battlefield. This is the scene of spiritual awakening taking place in the edge between death and life, death and war.
The interpretation of the battlefield seems to be metaphorical. Arjuna needs to overcome his internal weakness and to win victory over his consciousness. Arjuna had to understand self-control and self-harmony in order to be able to fight a war, being guided by justice. Krishna embodies the higher consciousness, whereas Arjuna represents the soul full of inner doubts. Krishna answers all the doubts Arjuna has and uses the religious doctrine to support his sayings: (11) You utter wise words, yet you have been mourning those who should not be mourned; the truly wise do not grieve for the living or the dead. (Johnson 8).
He also says that (31) Recognizing your inherent duty, you must not shrink from it. For there is nothing better for a warrior than a duty-bound war (Johnson 9).. In such a way, the battlefield and the war mean the spiritual battlefield dwelling on concepts of self-harmony and peace of the self. The enemies embody inner weak sides of a person. The battlefield, in such a way, means the fight against own weakness and negative nature. Jago Jago is, arguably, one of the most favourite Shakespeares heroes.
"When the war began, the United States Army medical staff consisted of only the surgeon general, thirty surgeons, and eighty-three assistant surgeons. Of these, twenty-four resigned to "go South," and three other assistant surgeons were promptly dropped for "disloyalty." Thus the medical corps began its war service with only eighty seven men. When the war ended in 1865, more than eleven thousand ...
Jago is Shakespeare himself. It is the image of the whole man kind. There is an opinion that Francis Baconm the consecrated Rosenkreitzer, coded in Othello the secret teachings of Rosenkreitzer masons. Bacon himself recognized the presence of inner and outer layers in his play. Certain part of masons considered Iuda to be more important that the figure of Christ. Probably, Shakespeare, being a member of Rosenkreitzer masons, also recognized the importance of Iuda and his betrayal. Rosenkreitzer masons considered that the person who committed betrayal, made possible the salvation of all nations. In such a way, the image of Jago can be created being guided by mystical postulates of Kainites and Rosenkreitzer masons. Jago is the most modern hero in Shakespeares Othello.
Every person can find himself in this image. Othello is quite exotic man, he speaks using high poetic words, and he is a monumental hero. Jago, in the contrary, reminds us the ordinary people. I also think that Jago dont ruin Othellos life. Othello ruins it by himself. Othello is like a catastrophe, which can happen every minute. Jago is a political cynic.
His aims are consistent and logical. His malicious and heinous energy strikes us because Jago considers his attitude to people natural and normal. Jago is free of prejudices. He overcame the inner barriers and reached the amazing flexibility of character because of neglect and the greatest disdain for the whole society. Jagos freedom is the freedom of arbitrariness. He derives a personal benefit from everything.
Antigone Antigone is the daughter of Oedipus and Jocasta. She is devoted to her family and considers the family bonds to be above all. Thats why when the king Creon order to bury her brother as a betrayer, she says that she will bury him. Antigone considers that the laws of the gods are superior to the laws of the man and the state. I will not urge thee,-no nor, if thou yet shouldst have the mind, wouldst thou be welcome as a worker with me. Nay, be what thou wilt; but I will bury him: well for me to die in doing that. I shall rest, a loved one with him whom I have loved, sinless in my crime; for I owe a longer allegiance to the dead than to the living: in that world I shall abide for ever. But if thou wilt, be guilty of dishonouring laws which the gods have stablished in honour.
In all of Shakespeare’s great novels there are many experiences, tragic or otherwise that one can learn from. Shakespeare’s novel Othello is not an exception this rule. Throughout Othello there are many examples of mistakes made by the characters that a reader can learn from. Learning from the flaws of others is one way that one can learn form Shakespeare’s Othello. In the novel Othello there are ...
Antigone also considers that marriage weakens blood ties, because she can have another husband or son but she will never have another brother. The Trial of Socrates The Apology by Plato is a version of Socrates speech. It is a perfect example of forensic oratory. Socrates defends himself against the accusations of being a man who corrupted the young, didnt believe in gods and created new deities. So, lets dwell on the three charges the Athenian Court brought against Socrates and examine how Socrates defended himself.
Three accusators were as follows: Anytus was a democrat speaking on behalf of politicians, Meletus, speaking on behalf of poets and Lycon, speaking on behalf of orators. ‘Socrates is an evil-doer, and a curious person, who searches into things under the earth and in heaven, and he makes the worse appear the better cause; and he teaches the aforesaid doctrines to others (Plato, n.p.).
The accuser considers Socrates to be a sophist, a professional teacher and a physical philosopher. Socrates replies that he has nothing to do with physical speculations. He is the teacher and he takes the money. As he says, if a man were really able to instruct mankind, to receive money for giving instruction would, in my opinion, be an honour to him (Plato, n.p.).
Socrates contradicts the charges and says that he will be happy to have the knowledge Sophists claim to have.
He also denies that he is an expert in perfecting the virtues of people in a society (Plato, n.p.).
Socrates interviewed well-known politicians, orators and came to conclusion that none of them were wise. Socrates went to one of such people, who was a politician whom I selected for examination–and the result was as follows: When I began to talk with him, I could not help thinking that he was not really wise, although he was thought wise by many, and still wiser by himself; and thereupon I tried to explain to him that he thought himself wise, but was not really wise (Plato, n.p.).
Then he went to another who also claimed to be wise and his conclusion was exactly the same. Moreover, the wiser people claimed to be, the less wise they were. The second charge was that Socrates is a doer of evil, who corrupts the youth; and who does not believe in the gods of the state, but has other new divinities of his own (Plato, n.p.) Socrates says that the youth is corrupted by the classes of Athenian society. Besides, he claims that everybody derive benefit from the minds of youth. As related to the charge that he doesnt believe in gods and has other new divinities of his own, Socrates says that this charge contradicts to itself, because he is accused of teaching the supernatural creatures.
“Socrates’ positive influence touches us even today” (May 6) and we can learn a great deal about him from one of his students, Plato. It is in Plato’s report of Socrates’ trial a work entitled, Apology, and a friend’s visit to his jail cell while he is awaiting his death in Crito, that we discover a man like no other. Socrates was a man following a path he felt that the gods had wanted him to ...
Apology. Retrieved December 3, 2005. http://plato.thefreelibrary.com/Apology/1-2 Sophocles, The Three Theban Plays: Antigone, Oedipus the King, Oedipus at Colonus (translated by Robert Fagles), New York, Penguin, 1984 The Bhagavad Gita. Contributors: W. J. Johnson – transltr. Publisher: Oxford University.
Place of Publication: Oxford. Publication Year: 1994.