Robert Lee Frost (March 26, 1874 – January 29, 1963) was an Americanpoet. He is highly regarded for his realistic depictions of rural life and his command of American colloquial speech. His work frequently employed settings from rural life in New England in the early twentieth century, using them to examine complex social and philosophical themes. A popular and often-quoted poet, Frost was honored frequently during his lifetime, receiving four Pulitzer Prizes for Poetry.
Robert Frost was born in San Francisco, California, to journalist William Prescott Frost, Jr., and Isabelle Moodie. His mother was ofScottish descent, and his father descended from Nicholas Frost of Tiverton, Devon, England, who had sailed to New Hampshire in 1634 on theWolfrana.
Frost’s father was a teacher and later an editor of the San Francisco Evening Bulletin(which later merged with theSan Francisco Examiner), and an unsuccessful candidate for city tax collector. After his death on May 5, 1885, the family moved across the country to Lawrence, Massachusetts, under the patronage of (Robert’s grandfather) William Frost, Sr., who was an overseer at a New England mill. Frost graduated from Lawrence High School in 1892. Frost’s mother joined the Swedenborgianchurch and had him baptized in it, but he left it as an adult.
Although known for his later association with rural life, Frost grew up in the city, and published his first poem in his high school’s magazine. He attended Dartmouth College for two months, long enough to be accepted into the Theta Delta Chifraternity. Frost returned home to teach and to work at various jobs – including helping his mother teach her class of unruly boys, delivering newspapers, and working in a factory as a lightbulb filament changer. He did not enjoy these jobs, feeling his true calling was poetry.
Robert Frost was one of the United States' best-loved poets. Frost was greatly influenced by his move from San Francisco to New England at the age of 11, his move to England when he was 37, and then his return to New Hampshire a couple of years later (Knowledge Adventure 2). Robert Frosts inspiration for his poetry came from within himself. His decisions concerning which direction his life would ...
Robert Frost’s personal life was plagued with grief and loss. In 1885 when Frost was 11, his father died of tuberculosis, leaving the family with just eight dollars. Frost’s mother died of cancer in 1900. In 1920, Frost had to commit his younger sister Jeanie to a mental hospital, where she died nine years later. Mental illness apparently ran in Frost’s family, as both he and his mother suffered from depression, and his daughter Irma was committed to a mental hospital in 1947. Frost’s wife, Elinor, also experienced bouts of depression.
Elinor and Robert Frost had six children: son Elliot (1896–1904, died of cholera); daughter Lesley Frost Ballantine (1899–1983); son Carol (1902–1940, committed suicide); daughter Irma (1903–1967); daughter Marjorie (1905–1934, died as a result of puerperal fever after childbirth); and daughter Elinor Bettina (died just three days after her birth in 1907).
Only Lesley and Irma outlived their father. Frost’s wife, who had heart problems throughout her life, developed breast cancer in 1937, and died of heart failure in 1938.
* After Apple-Picking * Acquainted with the Night * The Aim Was Song * An Old Man’s Winter Night * The Armful * Asking for Roses * The Bear * Bereft * Birches * The Black Cottage * Bond and Free * A Boundless Moment * A Brook in the City * But Outer Space * Choose Something Like a Star * A Cliff Dwelling * The Code * Come In * A Considerable Speck * The Cow in Apple-Time * The Death of the Hired Man * Dedication * The Demiurge’s Laugh * Devotion * Departmental * Desert Places * Design * Directive * A Dream Pang * Dust of Snow * The Egg and the Machine * Evening in a Sugar Orchard * The Exposed Nest * The Fear * Fire and Ice (1920) * Fireflies in the Garden * The Flower Boat * Flower-Gathering * For Once, Then Something * Fragmentary Blue * Gathering Leaves * God’s Garden * The Generations of Men * Ghost House * The Gift Outright | * A Girl’s Garden * Going for Water * Good Hours * Good-bye, and Keep Cold * The Gum-Gatherer * A Hundred Collars * Hannibal * The Hill Wife * Home Burial * Hyla Brook * In a Disused Graveyard * In a Poem * In Hardwood Groves * In Neglect * In White (Frost’s Early Version of “Design”) * Into My Own * A Late Walk * Leaves Compared with Flowers * The Line-Gang * A Line-Storm Song * The Lockless Door * Love and a Question * Lure of the West * Meeting and Passing * Mending Wall * A Minor Bird * The Mountain * Mowing * My Butterfly * My November Guest * The Need of Being Versed in Country Things * Neither Out Far Nor in Deep * Never Again Would Bird’s Song Be the Same * Not to Keep * Nothing Gold Can Stay * Now Close the Windows * October * On a Tree Fallen across the Road * On Looking up by Chance at the Constellations * Once by the Pacific (1916) * One Step Backward Taken * Out, Out- (1916) * The Oven Bird * Pan With Us * A Patch of Old Snow | * The Pasture * Plowmen * A Prayer in Spring * Provide, Provide * Putting in the Seed * Quandary * A Question * Range-Finding * Reluctance * Revelation * The Road Not Taken * The Road That Lost its Reason * The Rose Family * Rose Pogonias * The Runaway * The Secret Sits * The Self-Seeker * A Servant to Servants * The Silken Tent * A Soldier * The Sound of the Trees * The Span of Life * Spring Pools * The Star-Splitter * Stars * Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening * Storm Fear * The Telephone * They Were Welcome to Their Belief * A Time to Talk * To E.T. * To Earthward * To the Thawing Wind * Tree at My Window * The Trial by Existence * The Tuft of Flowers * Two Look at Two * Two Tramps in Mud Time * The Vanishing Red * The Vantage Point * War Thoughts at Home * What Fifty Said * The Witch of Coös * The Wood-Pile |
The poetry of Robert Frost contains two major themes of nature: The exploration of beauty and nature, and the interaction between man and nature. The role of these themes will be discussed in The Tuft of Flowers, Stopping by the Woods on a Snowy Evening, Once by the Pacific, and The Most of It. It has been said many times that all men have a common bond, or a thread that joins them together with ...