Vocabulary: 1. Amendment: Written change in the Constitution. 2. Balanced Budget: Budget in which income equals expenses. 3. Birthrate: Number of births per 1, 000 persons during one year.
4. Block Grant: Federal funds given to state and local governments for broad purposes. 5. Brown v. Board of Education: Concerned eight-year-old Linda Brown, a black girl living in Topeka, Kansas. The school only five blocks from Linda’s home was for whites only.
6. City: Largest type of municipality. 7. Commander-In-Chief: Role of the President as head of the armed forces.
8. Concurring Opinion: Statement written by a Supreme Court Justice who agrees with the majority but for different reasons. 9. Counties: Subdivision of state government formed to carry out state laws, collect taxes, and supervise elections. 10. Debt Limit: Limit on the amount of money a government may borrow.
11. Delegated Powers: Power given to the federal government by the Constitution. 12. Dissenting Opinion: Statement written by a Supreme Court Justice who disagrees with the majority decision. 13.
Double Jeopardy: Being tried a second time for the same crime. 14. Draft: Policy requiring men to serve in the military. 15. Due Process: Right of all people to a fair trial. 16.
Electoral College: Group of people who cast the official votes that elect the President and Vice President. 17. Filibuster: Method of delaying action in the Senate by making long speeches. 18. General Election: Election in which the voters elect our leaders. 19.
Bush vs Dukakis The 1988 Presidential Election On November 8, 1988, Republican Presidential candidate Vice President George H. W. Bush was elected as the forty-first President of the United States of America. Bush defeated Democratic challenger Governor Michael Dukakis by a ratio of a bout six-to-five. 49 million people voted for Bush, netting him 426 electoral votes while 42 million voted for ...
Glittering Generalities: Method uses words that sound good but have little real meaning. 20. Home Rule: Power of a city to write its own municipal charter and to manage its own affairs. 21. Immigrant: Person who comes to a nation to settle as a permanent resident. 22.
Implied Power: Authority not specifically granted to Congress by the Constitution but which is suggested to be necessary to carry out the specific powers. 23. Interest: Payment made for the use of loaned money. 24.
Interest Group: Organization of people with common interests who try to influence government policies and decisions. 25. Lobbyist: Person paid to represent an interest group’s viewpoint at congressional committee hearings and who tries to influence the votes of Congress members. 26. Marbury v. Madison: The case involved William Marbury, who had been promised appointment as a justice of the peace, and Secretary of State James Madison.
27. Major-Council Plan: System of local government in which voters elect a city council to make laws and a major to carry out laws. 28. Misdemeanor: Less serious crime, such as a traffic violation. 29.
Personal Income Tax: Tax on the income a person earns. 30. Plank: Each part of a political party’s platform. 31.
Political Action Committee: Political arm of a interest group that collects voluntary contributions from members and contributes it to political candidates and parties it favors. 32. Popular Vote: Total votes cast by individual voters in a Presidential election. 33. Presidential Succession: Order in which the office of President is to be filled if it becomes vacant. 34.
Press Secretary: Presidential assistant who represents the President to the news media and the public. 35. Primary Election: Election in which the voters of various parties choose candidates to run for office in a general election. 36. Profit: Income a business has left after expenses. 37.
?How accurate is it to say that the most important result of the collectivisation of agriculture was that it imposed communist control of the countryside? The result of collectivisation of agriculture was that it had imposed communist control as it meant that all farmers got an equal and fair rate exchange from their produce. However some areas were capitalist such as the use of NEP, the idea that ...
Public Opinion: Sum total of the opinions held concerning particular issue. 38. Revealed Propaganda: Propaganda that openly attempts to influence people. 39. Rural Areas: Region of farms and small towns. 40.
Self-Incrimination: Testifying against oneself. 41. Session: Regular meeting of Congress. 42.
Sheriff: Chief law-enforcement official in some county governments. 43. Small Claims Court: State court that hears civil cases involving small amounts of money. 44. Special District: Unit of local government set up to provide a specific service. 45.
State of the Union Message: Yearly report of the President to Congress, as required by the Constitution, in which the nation’s condition is described and programs and policies are recommended. 46. Sunbelt: Region made up of states in the South and West. 47. Surplus: Amount by which income exceeds expenditures.
48. Testimonial: Political candidates and advertisers often seek endorsements from famous people. 49. Third Parties: Political organization in the United States other than the major parties. 50. Unconstitutional: Going against the Constitution, or beyond the powers granted by it.
51. Veto: Refusal of the President or a governor to sign a bill.