What are the causes of change? The causes of change are both internal and external. Internal causes of change are those that occur within a person. The person initiates the change and is in control. External causes of change involves a persons surroundings changing. There is little control over this type of change. In the texts looking for Alibrandi by Melena Marchetta, The Door by Miroslav Holub, What women Want directed by Nancy Myers and song father and son composed by Cat Stevens both internal and external causes of change can be seen.
The novel looking for Alibrandi by Melena Marchetta is about Josephine Alibrandi, a Catholic girl, in her final year of High school. As the year progresses Josie alters her perspective on many issues including her culture, family, own identity , and the importance of social standing and wealth. The causes of these changes are internal, external and a combination of the two. Josie’s perspective of her grandmother changes from viewing her as nagging old women to having a loving, caring, respectful relationship with her .The episodic narrative which is written in first person enables the reader to see the stages in which her perspective changes as she gains knowledge about her grandmother and also how it is her own actions that allow the change occur. Initially Josie dreads having to spend time with her grandmother, as she states my main objective in life at the moment is to get on my grandmothers nerves. But as the novel progresses Josie learns more about her Nonnas life and abut her affair with Marcus Sanford she finds out that her grandmother Hadnt lived life the way she thought, she hadn’t played by all the rules By the end of the novel Josie is able to recognise her Nona’s full worth and she cries as she realises I’m loved by the two strongest women I’d ever meet in a life time. Marchetta also uses Josie to show how change can be external.
Charles Dickens’ A Christmas Carol is a moral tale that depicts the protagonist’s Ebenezer Scrooge’s moral journey from selfishness to redemption. It can be seen that his new found way of life is derived from the desire to be a good man of the community and to assist others such as Tiny Tim. The idea of Scrooge’s transformation not being selfish can also be seen in his aspiration to contribute to ...
John Bartons death was a change in Josie’s life that she had no control of. The journal style narrative allows the reader to see Josie’s changing perspective of john as the novel progresses. Prior to johns death Josie believes John has it all as he is School captain … greatest debater…good looking. popular and according to Josie he is the love of my life. After his death the first person narrative allows the reader to see Josie’s emotions .At first she is devastated and can not under stand why someone who never had any problems would commit suicide. But after recovering from the shock of Johns death, Josie is able to see beyond her anger and empathise with John s feeling of isolation .The journal style reflection allows the reader to see Josie’s changed perspective of john, as she realises that wealth and social status dont equal happiness. Causes of change being combination internal and external is also shown by Marchetta through Josie. The use of episodic narrative and journalistic style enables the reader to see the causes of Josies changed perspective towards her father clearly.
Josies father coming to live in Sydney was an external cause of change, as Josie had no control of his place of residence`. And Josies initial reaction to this is hostile and antagonistic. Josie believes he has betrayed her mother and reigned on his role as a father. If she did not choose to make contact with him during the Carly Bishop incident with the science book, the relationship would not have grown. Through continued c association with Michael Josie changes her opinion. and becomes proud to be an Andretti The new relationship gives Josie increasing stability and security.
The main character in The Messiah Stones is John McGowan. He has a wife names Sarah, a son names Joshua who is eight years old, and Oliver who is six years old. His Dad left him when he was nine years old because he went to Jerusalem for an archeological dig and never saw him again after he left. Because of this he lived with his mother for his whole childhood. John is a family man who loves his ...
The film What women Want directed by Nancy Myers and song father and son composed by Cat Stevens both share Marchettas view which is the causes of change are both internal and external. The film what women want shows how Nick Marshall, a middle aged advertising agent changes from being a chauvinistic self centred person to one who is acutely aware of the emotions of others, particularly women. The external reasons for this change was a bizarre accident where nick is electrocuted in the bathtub, which enables nick to hear women’s thoughts. The importance of this scene is highlighted by the use of slow motion as the hairdryer falls into the water and the use abrupt camera angle and the non-digetic music which makes the scene appear more comical. Nick is humanised by listening to womens thought and opinion’s of him. This alters his way of thinking and makes him willing to communicate with women differently.
This willingness to change can be seen in the mis-en-scene, where he is filmed surrounded by women laughing and enjoying there company. Cat Stevens explores the differing viewpoints on change through his song father and son. The song has two character within it, a father and his son. The character of the father presents the view on change that you shouldn’t force change instead, let it occur around you. Which can be seen in the lyrics just relax…settle down .The view point is supported by the music when he is singing. In these verses The music is simple, slower , as the basic chords are repeated on an acoustic guitar .The character of the son has a completely different viewpoint. He believes that he needs to be out there experiencing life, where the action is, making changes.
Through the lyrics it is seen that the son can no longer ignore his burning desire to experience life, its hard but its harder to ignore it The sons view on change is reflected in the music. In these versus when he sings the pitch of his voice is higher, louder and more dramatic. The music contains melodies plus the basic chords. The contrasting of the characters highlights the opposing views. However the Text The Door by Miroslav Holub suggest that the change comes from within in only.. Which is unlike Marchetta’s view on change that it occurs because of external and internal causes.
The 1920 s were a time of social and economic change. While some people share the view that the twenties were dull and boring, others see them as a time of great change and with change comes great controversy which even today is said to be truly roaring. North America experienced social change; prohibition caused people to realize just how much they like to drink and started many now respected ...
The door is a symbol in the text. It represents the barriers that stand in the way of change. It can also be seen as a gate way to opportunities.The poem uses the imperative command Go and Open the Door to convey this message. The command begins the text and is repeated 5 times within it. The word Go and open in this command are verbs and suggest that you have to initiate the change. Change occurs from both internal and external causes.
The texts Looking for Alibrandi by Melena Marchetta, The Door by Miroslav Holub, What women Want directed by Nancy Myers and song father and son composed by Cat Stevens all convey that the causes of change are both internal and external..