Several studies have suggested that higher nurse to patient ratios are associated with improved patient outcomes, affecting both morbidity (illness) and mortality (death).
This is considered to be the main rationale for changing nurse to patient ratios. An American Nurses Association study (American Nurses Association, 1997) found that higher nurse to patient ratios were associated with shorter lengths of stay in hospitals and a reduction in complications such as pressure sores, pneumonia, urinary tract and postoperative infections. These results were consistent with a study published in 1993 (Prescott) that suggested that a higher ratio of RNs to other nursing personnel (licensed practical nurses, nursing assistants) was associated with lower patient mortality. In a large-scale study of 589 randomly selected community hospitals, Korner and Gegen (1998) demonstrated that there was an inverse relationship between the number of registered nurses and adverse events following surgery.
In other words, the fewer the registered nurses, the more frequent the complications. Even if such states, as California are able to find nurses to fill the positions, hospitals fear that the cost of additional staff will prove prohibitive. The CHA has estimated that if the current proposal is implemented, California hospitals will spend an additional $400 million annually on staffing, with individual hospitals shouldering costs between $200, 000 and $2. 3 million annually.
(Tie man) California Hospital Association spokeswoman Jan Emerson said the association was surprised by the new ratios for telemetry, step down, and specialty units, and was not aware that a lower ratio for 2008 was being discussed. Even more problematic is the increased pressure the tougher ratios will put on the states severe nursing shortage, she said. We dont know where the nurses will come from, Emerson said. (BNA health care Daily Report) On a positive note, Emerson said the latest proposal would give hospitals more flexibility by allowing the use of charge nurses and supervisors to fill in for nurses on breaks, and allow nurses monitoring emergency room radios and triage stations to perform other duties. Under the previous proposal, those nurses would have been restricted to monitoring duties only. (BNA Health Care Daily Report) CNA, which backed the 1999 law requiring the state to set staffing ratios (A.
The Research paper on Community General Hospital Case Study
The primary subject matter is strategy under adverse conditions for a small community hospital. The case examines operational, financial and market factors for strategy development. Issues of governance and stakeholder claims for a non-profit, community organization are also examined. As a student case analysis assignment the case is appropriate for an undergraduate capstone course in business ...
B. 394), praised the new proposal as a significant step toward improving patient care. CNA represents 50, 000 nurses, and has been pushing for statewide staffing ratios for 10 years. (BNA Health Care Daily Report) The finish line is finally near, CNA President Kay Mckay said. Every patient should be able to demand and count on receiving the registered nursing care they need, when they need it.
(BNA Health Care Daily Report) Meanwhile, SEIU continued to criticize the regulations as not going far enough, fast enough. SEIU said it is launching a postcard campaign during the 15-day comment period on the proposed regulations, and is petitioning all major hospital systems in California to implement the new ratios before the regulations take effect. (BNA Health Care Daily Report) Patients need safer ratios, sooner, Luisa Blue, president of the SEIU Nurse Alliance, said. Strong, safe and enforced ratios will help hospital patients get the nursing care they should expect. (BNA Health Care Daily Report) So how will the hospitals institute changes in the nurse to patient ratios? A research indicates that savings from the rule will offset the costs of hiring new nurses. First, the CNA explains, improved ratios will improve care and decrease patient length of stay — an estimated savings of $2 billion per year for California hospitals.
The Essay on Nurse-patient Ratio
... 2004, California Department of Health Services (DHS) organize the concluding revision of a particular nurse-to-patient ratio in acute hospitals, psychiatric institutions, and specialty ... critical care unit hospital must be in compliance to mandate patient safety. Supporting AB 394, minimal nurse-to-patient ratios have emerged in excelling licensed nurse staffing ...
Second, the CNA asserts that hospitals will reduce costs by having to hire fewer temporary registered nurses (RNs), a practice that generally costs around $10 more per hour than permanent staff. Finally, the CNA points to the exorbitant costs of recruiting new RNs and maintains that increased nurse satisfaction under the new scheme will likewise lower these expenditures. (California Nurses Association) Additional questions surround the states strategy for enforcing the rule. With patient volumes fluctuating, often rapidly, throughout the day, compliance with the ratios may be difficult to evaluate.
DHS has stated that it will inspect hospitals after it receives a complaint from a patient or a nurse indicating a violation. Consequently, nurses unions have begun to train nurses to police the hospitals for violations. Any violating hospitals will be put on notice by DHS and required to create a plan of correction to remedy the staffing shortage. Penalties – as yet undetermined – will be imposed on facilities failing to comply.
Both CNA and SEIU are backing bills pending in the state Legislature that would establish enforcement procedures once the ratios are in place. Both bills would require DHS to conduct unannounced inspections of hospitals to ensure they comply with the ratio regulations, and set fines for noncompliance. (BNA Health Care Daily Report) A. B. 253 by Assemblyman Darrell Steinberg (D) is sponsored by CNA and would provide for fines of $1, 000 a day for noncompliance with the ratio regulations or a plan of correction. Fines would increase to $5, 000 a day if a violation stems from a prior correction plan in the same hospital unit.
A. B. 253 was scheduled to be heard in the Senate Health and Human Services Committee July 2. (BNA Health Care Daily Report) S. B. 1005 by Sen.
Joseph Dunn (D) is sponsored by SEIU and would impose fines of $50 per bed per day on hospitals found to be out of compliance with the ratios. Hospitals with more than 100 beds would face minimum fines of $5, 000 a day. S. B. 1005 passed the Assembly Health Committee July 1.
The Research paper on Health Policies in Relation to Nurse to Patient Ratio
... the California Department of Health Services (DHS) to establish specific nurse-to-patient ratios for inpatient units in acute care hospitals. This was done by ... also dissatisfied with other aspects of their work, including low salaries, lack of control over work schedules, lack of opportunities for advancement, ...
(BNA Health Care Daily Report) Stiff penalties and unannounced inspections are the key to enforcing these ratios, Blue of SEIU said. Hospitals should be fined for putting patients at risks, and the state must be able to inspect hospitals without giving them time to hide problems with temporary staff or equipment. (BNA Health Care Daily Report) The work environment of nurses, the largest segment of the nations health care work force, needs to be substantially transformed to better protect patients from health care errors, says a new report from the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies. The report calls for changes in how nurse staffing levels are established and mandatory limits on nurses’ work hours as part of a comprehensive plan to reduce problems that threaten patient safety by strengthening the work environment in four areas: management, work-force deployment, work design, and organizational culture.
No one or two actions by themselves can keep patients safe, said Donald M. Steinwachs, chair of the committee that wrote the report, and chair, department of health policy and management, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore. Rather, creating work environments that reduce errors and increase patient safety will require fundamental changes in how nurses work, how they are deployed, and how the very culture of the organization understands and acts on safety. We present a comprehensive plan to address all these areas. While California is the first state to pass a law on mandatory safe nurse to patient ratios, other states are currently considering similar legislation. Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Ohio, and Florida all have minimum nurse staffing bills on the floor.
In addition, Oregon passed a bill in June of 2001 that requires its acute-case hospitals to work with nurses to develop appropriate ratios. Although several bills are gaining momentum, the judicious policymaker would be wise to wait and see the financial toll that such a rule will have on the California hospital industry. California will analyze the impact of the law over the next five years, at which time the merits of an explicit rule could be better evaluated.
The Essay on The injustice in health care
Question: “Of all the forms of inequality, injustice in health care is the most shocking and inhumane” (Martin Luther King, Jr.). Do you agree with this statement? Write an essay persuading readers of your point of view. Support your argument with evidence from appropriate sources. Nick Vujicic, the founder of Life Without Limbs Organization of Australia, said in his speech,” Attitude is Altitude. ...