Origin of Maoism
Maoism Is a political theory derived from the teaching of the great Chinese political leader moa Zedong (1893-1976) that is why is it is also called Mao Zedong thought. Those who follow the teaching are called Maoists this is sometimes considered as anti-revisionist form of Marxism. It was developed during 1950s and 60s and was widely applied as the political and military guiding ideology of communist party of china .Maoism’s political orientation emphasizes the “revolutionary struggle of the vast majority of people against the exploiting classes and their state structures”, which Mao termed a “People’s War”. Usually involving peasants, its military strategies have involved guerrilla war tactic.
Maoism in India
The communist party of India (Maoist) is an underground political party in India which aims to overthrow the government through people war means. It was founded on 21 September 2004 through the merger of the peoples war and Maoists communist centre (mcc) the merger was announced on October 14 the same year in the merger a provisional central committee was constituted with the former people war group leader Muppala Lakshamana Rao alias Ganapathi a general secretary The term Naxalites comes from Naxalbari, a small village in West Bengal, where a section of the Communist Party of India (Marxist) (CPM) led initiated a violent uprising in 1967. On May 18, 1967, the Siliguri Kishan Sabha, declared their readiness to adopt armed struggle to redistribute land to the landless. The following week, a sharecopper near Naxalbari village was attacked by the landlord’s men over a land dispute. On May 24, when a police team arrived to arrest the peasant leaders, it was ambushed by a group of tribals , and a police inspector was killed in a hail of arrows. This event encouraged many Santhal tribals and other poor people to join the movement and to start attacking local landlords this I s sometimes called the Naxalbari insurrection The Naxals are considered far-left radical communists, supportive of Maoist political sentiment and ideology.
The Cold War influenced nearly all aspects of American political and cultural life from 1946 -- when Winston Churchill announced the descent of an Iron Curtain separating the Soviet Union and her Eastern European satellite states from the non-communist West -- to the disintegration of the Soviet Union in 1991. The influence on the American film industry was deep and long-lasting. Hollywood became ...
Maoism in Tribal Belts
Maoist are fighting for the rights of the tribes in the forest belt around central India-Chattisgharh,Orissa,Bihar,Jharkhand,Maharastra,West Bengal. New organizational expansion has been reported in Uttarakhand, Assam, Manipur, Nagaland, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka. That region contains deposits of minerals which are of interest to mining companies like Tata and Essar
Poverty and illiteracy have reinforced and strengthened their armed civil military. A poor illiterate man who finds himself alien to mainstream society, who cannot afford two times food for him and his family, a dignified life remains a distant dream to him. With corruption sprawling its wings, he has no place to go and he becomes a rebel. He no more fears death. Here the current form of governance fails.
Communist Party of India (Maoist)
The ideology of the party is contained in a “Party Programme.” In the document, the Maoists denounce globalization as a war on the people by market fundamentalists and the caste system as a form of social oppression. The Communist Party of India (Maoist) claim that they are conducting a “people’s war”, a strategic approach developed by Mao Zedong during the guerrilla warfare phase of the Communist Party of China. Their eventual objective is to install a “people’s government” via a New Democratic Revolution.
Persuasive Essay Can a Cultural Revolution take place in the US, one of the most powerful countries in the would? The Revolution had a great effect on China, origin of the eastern civilization. During the Cultural Revolution in China, the economy stopped growing, the development of China nearly stopped and the Chinese teenagers did not get enough education. We don't know what would happen in the ...
Currently the Party has a presence in remote regions of Jharkhand and Andhra Pradesh, as well as in Bihar and the tribal-dominated areas in the borderlands of Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra, West Bengal, and Orissa. The CPI (Maoist) aims to consolidate its power in this area and establish a Compact Revolutionary Zone from which to advance the people’s war in other parts of India
Naxals have been charged by the government with running an extortion economy in the guise of a popular revolution, extorting vast amounts of money from local branches of mining companies and other businesses. They have been involved in several cases of blowing up schools and railway tracks, and accused of keeping the areas under their control away from modernity and development, so they can impose their will on the uneducated rural populace
Maoist Attacks In 1970 the Naxalites gained a strong presence among the radical sections of the student movement in Calcutta. Students left school to join the Naxalites. The Majumdar declared an “annihilation line”, a dictum that Naxalites should assassinate individual “class enemies” (such as landlords, businessmen, university teachers, police officers, politicians of the right and left) and others. Throughout Calcutta, schools were shut down. Naxalites took over Jadavpur University. Their headquarters became Presidency College, Kolkata.] The Naxalites found supporters among some of the educated elite, and Delhi’s prestigious St. Stephen’s College, alma mater of many contemporary Indian leaders and thinkers, became a hotbed of Naxalite activities
On 6 April 2010 Naxalites launched the most deadly assault in the history of the Naxalite movement by killing 76 security personnel and wounding 50 others, in the remote jungles of Chattisgarh’s Dantewada district in Eastern/ Central India. On 17 May, Naxals blew up a bus on Dantewda-sukhma road in Chhattisgarh, killing 15 policemen and 20 civilians. In third Major attack by Naxals on 29 June, at least 26 personnel of Indian Centre Reserve Forces (CRPF) were killed in Narayanpur district of Chhattisgarh
Violence in Schools Violence among youth, especially in schools, is one of American society's most pressing concerns. It is also a source of controversy. While no recent nationwide study of the real extent of youth violence is available, small-scale and regional studies indicate that youth violence is increasing, at least slightly. In addition, youth, like adults, are now more frequently using ...
Action by Government The government has launched Integrated Action Plan (IAP) for 60 tribal districts where block grant of 25 Crore and 30 Crore per district has been proposed for years 2010-11 and 2011-12 respectively. This would be appropriated to public infrastructure and services such as School Buildings, Anganwadi Centres, Primary Health Centres, Drinking Water Supply, Village Roads, and Electric Lights in public places. We just hope the amount is spent on abovementioned goals only. The development of poor tribal people, bringing them into mainstream society, giving them a negotiating position, making them believe that all government wants is a symbiotic relationship rather than then weeding them out would do much more than various combat operations. They still are citizens of India even if they follow some different ideology and should get their constitutional rights of Justice- social, economic and political and Equality- of status and opportunity.