Maoist Threat In India
Most of the current thinking in many hotspots around the world focuses on ways to control the conflict. This ignores the underlying fact that in most cases the origin of the conflict is about the control – people who do not have control in conflict with people who do.
India, the land that originated the concept of holistic healing and gave the world (arguably) the greatest leader of the twentieth century – Mahatma Gandhi – is being beset by a Maoist insurgency in the twenty-first century.
The Indian government is importing not only weapons but unfortunately in some instances, also the brute force and counterproductive tactics used by the weapon states. While combating the Maoist insurgency the use of repressive and lethal force by security personnel against the insurgents has resulted, in some occasions, in innocent victims getting caught in the crossfire. This has further alienated the local populace, which was already reeling from the effects of the insurgent violence.
The references to holistic healing and Mahatma Gandhi are not unrelated to the Maoist insurgency but in fact constitute key parts of the solution.
One of the ideas Gandhi championed was “Panchayat Raj” – devolving control to locally elected councils at the village level. This would ensure that the officials were directly accountable to the local population and they would have a personal stake in seeing their localities flourish. The local populace would in turn feel empowered by having control over issues that affected their daily lives and by having representatives who not only understood their concerns but who shared them also. This “Panchayat Raj” system, if implemented correctly, would obviate the feeling of alienation of the common people and also preclude the external intervention of higher-level civic officials, who may not be familiar with or fully share the concerns of the local populace. Citizens. empowered and in control, are not likely to harbour or be sympathetic to insurgents.
Tourism is one of the most effective ways of redistributing wealth, by moving money into local economies from other parts of the country and overseas. It brings income into a community that would otherwise not be earned. Economic benefits Economic benefits resulting from tourism can take a number of forms including: 1. Jobs Employment may be associated directly, such as tour guide or managerial ...
The “Panchayat Raj” system would ensure that any problems are dealt with before they develop into insurgencies.
For existing Maoist insurgencies, there needs to be a holistic cure – the solution should address the historical, geographical, economic and governance aspects of the disease.
The historical reasons of the disparate insurgencies need to be fully understood in order not to repeat the same mistakes. The key stakeholders of the insurgency and their motivations need to be identified. The grievances of the local people must be addressed and the sensitivities of all the constituents must be handled with care. In the midst of an insurgency, the last thing that is required is for the explosive mix of social, religious and cultural tensions to be further aggravated.
The geographical limitations and possibilities of the region need to be analyzed in detail. The limitations may be a core part of the problem while the possibilities would form a core part of the solution. For instance, an area currently arid and not able to sustain the people in conflict may be an area rich in chemical elements and ores that could benefit the locals and might provide a solution to the conflict.
Understanding the economics of the insurgency will provide a peaceful alternative to “fighting fire with fire”, as well as being a sane and humane way to handle conflicts. Now that China and India are celebrating closer ties, both nations could come to an understanding that the insurgents would be denied refuge, weaponry and financing on both sides of the border. Funding social service organizations, improving civic amenities and creating educational and professional opportunities for the local youth will provide them a healthy contrast to the barren and lethal existence of the insurgency.
Introduction: The way to get the full results of this lab was through the process of osmosis. Osmosis is the movement of water across a membrane into a more concentrated solution to reach an equilibrium. When regarding cells osmosis has three different terms that are used to describe their concentration. The first of these words is isotonic. Cells in an isotonic solution show that the water has no ...
The security forces and police need to be amply compensated for their bravery in risking their lives in dangerous areas. Well-compensated forces are not likely to accept financial inducements from the insurgents. Local governance by local people will enable identification and separation of hard-core insurgents from the local populace. If all moral, economic and political assistance fail to convince the hard-core insurgents, then as a last resort force should be employed, directed only at the criminals and not blindly targeting innocent civilians as well.
A holistic cure would not only prevent a recurrence of the Maoist insurgency but will have none of the negative side effects of other partial solutions.