Chapter 1 Communication- the process of understanding and sharing meaning. Process- an activity, exchange, or set of behaviors that occur over time. Understanding- perceiving, interpreting, and comprehending the meaning of the verbal and nonverbal behavior of others. Sharing- an interaction between people in order to exchange meaning.
Meaning- the shared understanding of the message constructed in the minds of the communicators. Source- a message initiator Receiver- a message target Message- The verbal or nonverbal form of the idea, thought, or feeling that one person (the source) wishes to communicate to another person or group of people (the receivers) Channel- the means by which a message moves from the source to the receiver of the message. Feedback- the receivers verbal and nonverbal response to the source’s message. Code- a systematic arrangement of symbols used to create meanings in the mind of another person or persons.
Syntax- the rules of the arrangement in language. Grammar- the rules of function in language. Verbal codes- symbols and their grammatical arrangement, such as languages. Nonverbal codes- All symbols that are not words, including bodily movements use of space and time, clothing and ad ornaments, and sounds other than words.
Encoding- converting an idea or thought into a code. Decoding- assigning meaning to the idea or thought in a code. Noise- any interference in the encoding and decoding processes that reduces message clarity. Action Model- a depiction of communication as one person sending a message and another person or group of persons receiving it.
The communication model I have chosen to develop is based on the communication between individuals who are building or already have established a strong level of communication. My model will be a reflection of friendships, intimate relationships, teacher / student relationships and also manager / employee relationships. In the model below the sender (Person A) has an intended meaning to express to ...
Interaction Model- A depiction of communication as one person sending a message and a second person receiving the message and then responding with a return message. Transaction Model- a depiction of communication as communicators simultaneously sending and receiving messages. Constructivist Model- a theory of communication which posits that receivers create their own reality in their minds. Context- a set of circumstances or a situation. Intra personal Communication- the process of understanding and sharing meaning within itself. Dyadic Communication- two person communication.
Small-group Communication- the interaction of a small group of people to achieve an interdependent goal. Public Communication- the process of generating meanings in a situation where a single source transmits a message to a number of receivers who give nonverbal and, sometimes, question-and-answer feedback. Mass Communication- communication mediated, via a transmission system, between a source and a large number of unseen receivers. Chapter 2 Figure- the focal point of a persons attention. Ground- the background against which a person’s focused attention occurs. Closure- the tendency to fill in missing information in order to complete an otherwise incomplete figure or statement.
Proximity- the principle that objects which are physically close to each other will be perceived as a unit or a group. Interpretation- the process of assigning meaning to stimuli. Interpretive Perception- perception that involves a blend of internal states and external stimuli. Symbolic Interaction- the process in which the self develops through the messages and feedback received from others. Self-Actualization- according to Maslow, the fulfillment of one’s potential as a person. Gender Constancy- the tendency to see oneself consistently as male or female.
Perception- the process of becoming aware of objects and events from the senses.
Communication is the backbone of human existence. Without it we would be nothing more than organized matter. It has allowed us to grow, learn, build, and survive. The fact that our species has managed to develop advanced methods of communication, such as language, is what has set us aside from other animals. When we talk to another person we are sending a message which is received, decoded, and ...