French Revolution and Napoleonic Era Worksheet
Explain, in 1,050 to 1,400 words, how the following ideas and ideals influenced the events and motivated the participants in the French Revolution: • Liberty
• Fiscal irresponsibility
The French Revolution took place between 1789-1799. This war helped France gain a of freedom, which they were in deep need of.
France was ruled as an absolute monarchy by Louis XV, and was later passed to Louis XVI. Due to past wars, France was in deep debt, and sadly, Louis XV lacked the funds to run the state. Later, when the power was passed to Louis XVI, France went into deeper debt, making it even harder to better itself. The King tried improving the financial status France was in, he proposed new reforms, such as taxation, to bring more money in, and that way fix the economy. Of course, equality was a big issue, specially when it came to taxation. When it came to taxation, many of the rich people would skip in paying their taxes, while all the lower class people were being forced to pay with no excuses. Due to a harsh winters, France had a crop shortage, causing an increase in grain, making bread cost a lot more, therefore it became unaffordable, which led to starvation. This also cause many bread riots, leading to mob rule in many places. France was suffering of the widespread of famine, and malnutrition, increasing diseases, intentional starvation, and in some cases, even death. A bit before the French Revolution, the middle class people of France began to embrace Enlightenment ideas.
The trial and execution of King Louis XVI, or "Louis the Last," was a major event in the French Revolution. Louis' monarchy was ended by the revolution on August 10, 1792 when the people stormed the royal palace of the Tuileries after he broke his promises to abide by the new constitution. The Convention Assembly put the king on trial for treason and he met the guillotine on January 21, 1793. A ...
The Enlightenment ideas consisted of personal freedom and all the people being equal. Since the lower class had always been oppressed, the Enlightenment philosophies, the unfair taxed, the famine and the inspiration from the Americans, the lower classes finally stood up, and overthrew the tyrannical rule of the French monarchy. Since France helped America fight with Britain for their liberty, this motivated them to do the same and fight for their rights. They wanted what was fair for all. I really believe that back in this time, France faced a lot of challenges, specially women and the lower class people. Inequality was a really big issue, since this only caused a lot of unfairness for everyone, and those with less money were the ones who were actually paying their share, while the rich only enjoyed a good life. Not giving the people a chance to vote and be able to decide for their own what they wanted, and what they thought was best for them only made it worst France was really being treated like they were all prisoners. Britain really took advantage of the fact France was in big debt to do with them whatever they pleased, to tax them as much as they wanted, and sadly, nobody could defend them but themselves, of course, which was all that led to the French Revolution. The fact that the Enlightenment ideas came out really motivated everyone to fight for what was right. They all go to see that there was an opportunity for everyone, and that things could be done right. I feel that if the French Revolution wouldn’t had happened, France could probably still be living under monarchy rule, and things could be a lot worse now.
2. Napoleonic Timeline
For each date and location, identify the significant event that occurred and write a single-sentence description of the event.
August 15, 1769
Napoleon Bonaparte was born.
Napoleon Bonaparte Napoleon Bonaparte, the son of Carlo and Letitia Bonaparte, was born in Ajaccio, Corsica on August 15, 1768. In 1779, he was sent to a military school in Paris. He was made fun of by the French there, and gave him the dream of power. Napoleon was waiting for the right time to achieve greater power, and that moment came when the French monarchy was overthrown. Napoleon's parents ...
July 4, 1776
The 13 original colonies signed the Declaration of Independence, in which they declared themselves free of British rule and taxation. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
July 14, 1789
Paris citizens started the French Revolution by storming the Bastille prison and releasing seven inmates. Paris
September 21, 1792
French National Convention voted to end their monarchy.
After being convicted of conspiracy with foreign powers, King Louis XVI is executed by guillotine in the Place de la Revolution, in Paris. Paris
August 22, 1795
The Constitution of 22 August 1795, was a national constitution of France ratified by the National Convention, during the French Revolution. France
November 15–17, 1796
Napoleon’s attempt to outflank the Austrian army, and cut its line of retreat before it could lift the siege of Mantua, resulted in the Battle of Arcole. Arcole, Italy
The Capture of Malta, and the expedition into Syria happened, along with the Egyptian Campaign, which was Napoleon’s campaign to protect French trade interests and undermine Britain’s access to India. Malta, Egypt, and Syria
Napoleon becomes dictator, first consul, of France.
February 9, 1801
Treaty of Lunéville, which marked the end of the Second Coalition. Lunéville, France
Concordat of 1801, which defined the status of the Roman Catholic Church in France and ending the breach caused by the church reforms and confiscations enacted during the French Revolution. Rome and Paris
Treaty of Amiens, under this treaty, Britain was to give up most of its islands in the West Indies, Egypt and Ceylon, while France would had over the Papal States and the Two Sicilies. Amiens, France
December 2, 1804
In Notre Dame Cathedral, in Paris, Napoleon is crowned Napoleon I, making him the first Frenchman to hold the title of emperor in a thousand years. Paris
Battle of Trafalgar, in which the British victory put an end to Napoleon’s plans to invade Britain across the English Channel. Atlantic Ocean, near Cádiz, Spain, and the Straits of Gibraltar
Essay Outline The Fall of Napoleon I. Introduction: Napoleon Bonaparte was one of the most powerful men ever to walk the face of the earth. He was France s best general, and overthrew the Directory in 1799 and monopolized power. He ruled France until 1815. Some thought him to be a great reformer. Others thought that he was a monster. However, friend and foe alike could both agree on one thing. By ...
The Treaty of Pressburg, also known as the Fourth Peace of Pressburg, was signed between France and Austria. Bratislava (Pressburg)
Napoleon invaded Russia, causing a campaign longer than he planned, and in which Russia planned to defeat him. Russia
October 16–19, 1813
Battle of Leipzig, also called Battle of the Nations, in which Napoleon was defeated, and with this started the destruction of the French power in
Germany and Poland. Leipzig, Germany
April 11, 1814
Napoleon exiled to Elba.
March 20, 1815
With Louis XVIII out of the picture, Napoleon takes over and he begins “Hundred Days” campaign. France
Battle of Waterloo, Napoleon defeated.
May 5, 1821
Saint Helena, South Atlantic