In the past 30 years obesity rates have doubled worldwide( 2012).
Obesity is becoming a growing problem for society.
This essay will give an over view of what obesity is and those affected by it. It will then discuss the health issues physically and mentally and the effect that it has on society.
A large range of people are affected by obesity and it leads to many health issues. Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat is accumulated to the extent that it may have an adverse effect on health. It is one of the leading preventable causes of death worldwide. It is defined by body mass index (BMI).
BMI is calculated by dividing the person’s mass weight by the square of his or her height .
People living with obesity are faced with a number of health issues. Excess body weight is associated with various diseases – in particular cardiovascular diseases, diabetes mellitus type two, obstructive sleep apnea, certain types of cancer and osteoarthritis. As a result obesity has been found to reduce life expectancy dramatically.
People living with obesity are face with mental health issues like depression and self-hate from body image. They can often feel anti-social from lack of confidence.
Because of the medical complication caused from being overweight, it is putting more people in hospital and is causing increased pressure on funds and staffing in medical clinics. There is also a need/cost for larger beds, chairs and other equipment to deal with the body mass.
However, I have recently stumbled upon more and more research that is also including parental factors as well as the mass media that can have detrimental side effects to young as well as older females. I would like to change my previous hypothesis that stated, “The mass media has a very profound effect on the body image of young females” and include parental factors. Therefore, I hypothesize that ...
A New Zealand survey found that in 2008/20091 in 3 Adults were overweight (%37) and one in four were obese by %27.8. 1 in 5 children aged 2 to 14 years were overweight (20.9%) and 1 in 12 were obese (8.3%) – survey 2006-2007.
Having a family member who is obese affects everyone in that family. Simple actives such as going to the park, is almost impossible. Getting into and out of car, air travel, public transport is also very hard to accomplish.
In a report that was published in 2008 adults of Maori and Polynesian decent had a much higher rate of obesity than European New Zealanders. The rate for the Pacific people was nearly triple the European average (65%).
Whilst Maori reported nearly doubled the European rate (43%).
Compared to 23% of European adults and 12% Asian New Zealanders were obese.
In conclusion, obese people are struggling with everyday life from physical and mental health problems and the condition also puts pressure on the public purse.
Word Count: 439
Ministry of Social Development. (2010 ) Obesity Retrieved from Socialreport.msd.govt.nz
Obesity. (2012) Retrieved from www.health.govt.nz